Mithila Kingdom of Simraungadh

In 1097 AD King Nanya Dev of Karnat dynasty established his kingdom in Mithila region (Tirahut). The center of the kingdom was Simraungadh (सिम्रौनगढ) which is now located in Bara district, Nepal.

This kingdom is different than Videha Kingdom mentioned in Ramayana and Mahabharata. But the location is same. Janak (Videha) was king of Videha kingdom. His daughter Sita had married Lord Ram. The capital city of the ancient Videha Kingdom is believed to be present day Janakpur, Nepal. Simraungrah is about 80 kms (50 miles) from Janakpur.

Mithila Kingdom of Simraungadh lasted until 1324 AD when the last king Harisingh Dev was defeated by Delhi Sultan Gayasudin Tuglak (ग़ियास सुद्दीन तुग़लुक़) (Wiki). King Harisingh Dev then escaped from Simraungarh to Kathmandu valley with Taleju Bhawani. Temples of Taleju Bhawani in Kathmandu, Lalitpur and Bhaktapur districts are believed to be linked with Mithila Kingdom.

During centuries of their residence in Kathmandu they mixed up with the native people of the valley - Newars. Today newar brahmin caste Jha, Mishra and Bhatta are believed to be originated from Maithila.

List of known kings:-

Nanya Dev
Gang Dev
Narsinh Dev
Shakrasinh Dev
Hari Sinha Dev

See Also:-