Kingdom of Simraungadh (11th-14th century)

In 1097 AD King Nanya Dev of "Karnat dynasty" established his kingdom in Mithila region (Tirahut). The center of the kingdom was Simraungadh (सिम्रौनगढ) which is now located in Bara district, Nepal. This kingdom was extended into present day Bihar, India as well.

This kingdom is different than Videha Kingdom mentioned in Ramayana and Mahabharata. But the location is same. Janak (Videha) was king of Videha kingdom. His daughter Sita had married Lord Ram. The capital city of the ancient Videha Kingdom is believed to be present day Janakpur, Nepal. Simraungrah town is about 50 miles from Janakpur.

Kingdom of Simraungadh lasted until 1324 AD when the last king Harisingh Dev was defeated by Delhi Sultan Gayasudin Tuglak (ग़ियास सुद्दीन तुग़लुक़) (Wiki). King Harisingh Dev then escaped to Hariharpur Gadhi in Sindhuli where he died. His wife then went to  Kathmandu with Taleju Bhawani. Temples of Taleju Bhawani in Kathmandu, Lalitpur and Bhaktapur districts are believed to be linked with Mithila Kingdom.

Khilji dyansty was in the power of Delhi Sultanate during 1290-1320.  Alauddin Khalji (1296-1316) is shown in the bollywood movie Padmavat. Later Gayasudin Tuglak established Tuglak dynasty (1321-1413) in Delhi Sultanate removing the Khiljis. Same Gayasudin had attacked Simraungarh in 1324.

After the Tuglags, the Sen dynasties of Palpa and Makwanpur region ruled the northern side of Simarungarh kingdom until 1773 and then Shah dynasty unified this area into Nepal. Southern side was ruled by Oinwar dynasty (Tuglag), Raj Darbhanga (Mughal empire / British Raj)  and ultimately incorporated into present day India in 1947.

During centuries of their residence in Kathmandu they mixed up with the native people of the valley - Newars. Today newar brahmin caste Jha, Mishra and Bhatta are believed to be originated from Maithila.

List of known kings:-

Nanya Dev (1097 - 1147)
Gang Dev (1147 - 1187)
Narsinh Dev (1187 - 1227)
Ramsingh Dev (1227 - 1285)
Shakrasinh Dev (1285 - 1295)
Hari Simha Dev  (1295 - 1324)

It is said that Jagatsingh Dev (son of displaced King Harisingh Dev) later married Nayak devi, widow of King Jaya Stithi Malla.

See Also:-
  1. Sen Kingdoms (16th-18th century)
Tags: Doy (डोय), Tirabhukti, Bihar, Simroon