Timeline of the Constitution of Nepal 2015

Promulgation the new Constitution of Nepal : Sep 20, 2015

Nov 26 & Dec 7, 2017: Federal & Provincial election happened in 2 phases indicating another step to implement the constitution.

Aug 21, 2017: Constitution amendment bill failed in the Legislative Parliament. Two third or 395 votes required among current total 592 members. 347 voted YES, 206 voted NO and 39 were absent.

Apr 11, 2017: Government has registered a new proposal in parliament to amend the constitution. This proposal will also amend article 87 restricting chief and vice chiefs of cities and villages to vote to elect national assembly members. This was one of the demand of Madheshi morcha. This proposal also amends article 287 giving federal parliament sole right to amend existing state borders in absence of state parliament.

Aug 18, 2016: Government has declared martyr to 41 agitators and 11 security forces who were killed in 2015/16 Madhesh agitation as per the demand of Madheshi front. The front had prescribed the name of total 68 dead people for martyr recognition (including one who committed suicide). Government said they are investigating about the rest. Family of each martyr will get Rs. 10 lakhs.

Aug 4, 2016: Maoist leader Prachanda became prime minister of Nepal supported by his party CPN Maoist Center, Nepali Congress, RPP and Madheshi front.

May 15, 2016 Sun: Sanghiya Gathabandhan - Federal alliance has protested in Kathmandu picketing the main government complex in Nepal Singha durbar.They have decided to continue the protest monday and tuesday.

May 8, 2016 : Nepal government has sent a formal invitation to the United Democratic Madhesi Front to resolve the differences through talks. 8 months protest in southern plains of Nepal had ended without conclusion before 3 months.

Apr 29, 2016 : 29 members including 4 central committee members and many dhanusha district leaders of the largest madheshi party in the government 'Madheshi Janadhikar Forum - Loktantrik' have left the party. Few days ago, the party had decided to remove the word 'madheshi janadhikar' from its name to give party 'national level' status since their first convention in coming May 2-4.

Apr 22, 2016 Fri: "Federal Front" of 27 political parties including Madheshi parties have announced the new agitation from Apr 27 (Baisakh 15) against the government. First phase of the agitation will be between Baisakh 15 to Jeth 1.

Mar 31, 2016 Thu: Nepal has criticized the related points in the yesterday's joint statement of EU-India which had urged for the "need for inclusive constitutional settlement" in Nepal. External affair ministry of Nepal said "The Constitution making and its promulgation are essentially internal matters of a country and EU-India Joint Statement not only hurts the sentiments of the people of Nepal but also defies the fundamental principle of non-interference of the U.N. Charter and norms of international law". India was able to issue somehow similar joint statement with UK in Nov 12, 2015. Some Nepali people now see 'India as the threat for peace, stability and constitution in Nepal(link)'.

Mar 20, 2016: PM KP Oli arrived Beijing for 8 days China visit. He is scheduled to meet Chinese President Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang.

Feb 20, 2016: PM Kp oli has met Indian PM Narendra Modi in Delhi today. They signed the 7 point agreement.

Feb 19, 2016 Fri (Falgun 7): Nepali PM has reached to New Delhi for the first time after several months bitter relationship with India. Indian foreign minister Sushma Swaraj welcomed the team in the airport. Visiting team has 46 members including Vice-PM and foreign minister Kamal Thapa, Finance minister Bishnu Paudel and Home minister Shakti Basnet.

Feb 18, 2016 Thu: Government has formed 11-membered "political committee" on its own to give consultation on "amendment of state's boundaries". Coordinator of the committee is vice-PM Kamal thapa but rest of members are yet to be finalized.  Government and Madheshi front had several meetings in last two days for this committee but they had failed to reach any agreement.

Feb 11, 2016 (Magh 28): Three new madhesh-centric political parties are added in the existing "Madheshi front". New members are Rastriya Madhesh Samajbadi Party (RMSP) led by Sharadshingh Bhandari, Forum-republic (MJF-R) led by Rajkishore Yadav and Nepal Sadbhawana Party led by Anil Jha. RMSP and MJF-R respectively have 3 and 1 members in the 601 membered parliament. After the addition there are total 7 member parties including previous 4 in the front. Terai Madhsh Rastriya Abhiyan led by JP Gupta was rejected in the front as it neither has any members in the parliament nor any reliable party structure.

Feb 10, 2016: President of the largest party in parliament Nepali Congress and former PM Shushil Koirala died in early morning in Kathmandu. The new Constitution was promulgated during his primership in last September.

Feb 8, 2016 (Magh 25): Madheshi front has "officially" decided to take back its "border point blockade" program. They had started blockade about 4 and half months ago in Sep 24, 2015 (Ashoj 7). Three days ago local residents and small business owners across the border had burnt down the tents and removed all barriers made by protesters. Prime minister Oli has welcomed the decision. Front has said to continue other type of protests. Front has also decided to alert its one top leader Rajendra Mahato not to work against the goal of agitation.

Feb 6, 2016: Madheshi front of Bara and Persha districts have decided to continue the blockade in major check post Birjung. But the border has normal flow now. There are many checkpoints in 1800 km long Indo-Nepal border but this point accounts majority of total transaction.

Feb 5, 2016 Friday (Magh 22) : Local residents and Indian business owners have cleared the border blockade done by Madheshi front. They burnt down the tent of protesters and removed the barriers.

Jan 27, 2016: United Nations has welcomed the first constitution amendment of Nepal. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon's spokesperson Stephane Dujarric said "moon has expressed hope that the development would be an important step in resolving differences on constitutional arrangements”.

Jan 24, 2016: Baburam Bhattarai has announced 35 members interim central council of his future new party. Many PhD schoolars, ex administrators of Nepal government, high ranking ex security officers.

India has welcomed the first amendment of new Nepali Constitution. Indian foreign ministry issued an statement today.

Jan 23, 2016 Sat (Magh 9): Parliament has passed first constitution amendment bill by 2/3 majority. 461 members voted Yes, 7 voted No and Neutral option got 0 vote. Main opposition Nepali Congress and parties in government like UML, maoist, forum democratic etc voted in favor. This amendment satisfies partial demand of Madheshi front. But Madheshi parties protested against the bill in the parliament.

Jan 21, 2016 Thu (Magh 7): 3 killed in Madheshi protest in Morang district today. Madheshi front was protesting against CPN-UML program in Rangeli. RPP Nepal activist Draupatidevi Chaudhari  (58) killed in Rangeli whereas Chibu Majhi (18) and Mahadev Risidev killed in Dianiya in the following protest. Front has burnt down the Daiaiya police station. Curfew is enforced in the Rangeli area. Youthforce member Manoj Singh is also attacked and wounded by the front.

Jan 20, 2016 Wed: Government also decided to talk with madheshi front by top leaders not by task force.

Jan 18, 2016 Mon: Dialogue between taskforces ended without conclusion. Madheshi fornt has decided to disband their task force and make further dialogue only by the top leaders.

Jan 17, 2016 Sun: Madheshi front has replied their 6-point proposal adding a point in yesterday's 5 point proposal. They want only 2 provinces in terai region. Conclusion is said to be coming soon. One major Madheshi leader Rajendra Mahato has also returned from India.

Jan 16, 2016 Sat (Magh 2): Major 3 parties has submitted a new 5-point proposal to Madheshi front to resolve Madheshi issue. It has proposed to form a new political mechanism which will decide about state-demarcation within 3 months. Sadbhawana party has returned to the dialogue. They had said they will not come to dialogue until the government apologize for Dec-26 incident to its leader Rajendra Mahato.

Jan 5, 2016 Tue: Madheshi front has formed a new 3-member task-force (कार्यदल) to talk with government. Hridayesh Tripathi from TMLP, Rajendra Shrestha from Forum and Ramnaresh Raya from TMSP are the member. Sadbhawana party has no member in task force but they are said to be fully supportive to the task force.

Jan 3, 2016 Sun : Major three parties have formed 3-member task force to deal with madheshi front.
Mahesh acharya, Bhim Rawal and Krishna Bahadur Mahara are the members. They want to add one member from Madheshi front.

Sadbhawana Party, one among 4 parties in Madheshi front, has started their own single-party agitation in Madhesh region. But very few number of people have joined their protest.

Jan 1, 2016 Fri (Push 17): Rajendra Mahato has gone to Delhi for further treatment. Before this he was transferred to BPKIH Dharan. Doctors in hospital in Biratnagar said Mahato was already discharged after normal treatment as he was not seriously hurt. But Mahato refused to get discharged and transferred himself to BPKIH as he know the chief of BPKIH hospital very well.

Nepali throughout the glove celebrated Nepali topi day wearing Dhaka Topi and Bhadgaule Topi.

Dec 29, 2015 Tue: Vice PM & Foreign minister Kamal Thapa returned Nepal after 5 days visit to China. China has announced to donate oil of value 13 million yuan to Nepal. Its about 1.5 million usd; the same amount of oil was donated by China in Oct also.

Dec 26, 2015 Sat: Congress, Maoist and Madheshi front had talk today in Katmandu in the residence of Congress president Sushil Koirala. They failed to reach on a concrete conclusion.

Rajendra Mahato has been wounded during the protest in Biratnagar Indo-Nepal border. Sadbhawana Party president Mahto and some other protesters has come from Indian side to block the border. They also threw the stones from Indian side. Nepal police and Indian SSB then cleared their side of border. Comparatively there is less number of madheshi population in Biratnagar area.

Dec 25, 2015 Fri: Nepal and China had 8-point agreement for long term trade of Petroleum & Gasoline products. Nepali vice PM and foreign minister Kamal Thapa and Chinese foreign minister Wang Yi had made this agreement in Beijing today.

Dec 22, 2015 Tue: Main opposition Nepali congress and agitating Madheshi front is said to have come near to the conclusion. These parties have been in dialogue since some days.

Dec 21, 2015 Mon (Push 6): India has welcomed the 3-point proposal by the government. Indian foreign ministry issued an statement and said "Indian government welcomes this positive development"

Leaders of Madheshi front have met Indian ambassador to Nepal in Kathmandu. India is (said to be) trying to convince madheshi front on the 3-point proposal of the Nepal government. Madhehsi front also met government's dialogue team after meeting with the ambassador.

Madhehsis have protested in Gaur, Rauthahat all day breaking the curfew today. Protesters attacked Bankul, Katahariya & Ganga Pipra police stations and also burn some parts of them.

Dec 20, 2015 Sun (Push 5): 1 protester named Shesh Tabrej Alam (15) killed during Madheshi protest in Gaur, Rautahat today. Police said they had to fire bullets in self defense because protesters threw stones and "petrol bombs" targeting Police. District administration has imposed indefinite curfew after 4 pm to control the situation.

Government has passed 3-points proposal to address madhesh protest and given to Madheshi front in written. But the front has said the proposal will not solve the problem completely.

Dec 19, 2015 Sat (Push 4): Action of the Madheshi front against widow women is widely criticized in Nepal. Front had cleaned the Janaki Temple in Janakpur after President's visit considering her "impure" to enter Hindu temple as she is a widow.

Dec 18, 2015 Fri (Push 3): After being failed to have fruitful dialogue to the government Madheshi Front has now announced 11-day protest program.

Dec 16, 2015 Wed (Push 1): President Bidhya Bhandari paid her visit to Ramjanaki Mandir in Janakpur today. Janakpur is the heart of the region where Madheshi parties are agitating since several months. People protested outside the temple today too and 12 police are said to be wounded.

"Post-earthquake re-construction bill" is passed from the parliament today. Both Madheshi front and opposition Nepali congress supported the bill. Nepal had suffered earthquake of 7.8 magnitude about 8 months ago leaving more that 8,000 dead.

Dec 15, 2015 Tue (Mangsir 29): "constitution amendment bill" supported by 3 major parties is submitted in the Parliament today without "some changes" demanded by madheshi front. 

Dec 13, 2015 Sun (Mangsir 27): 3-side dialogue today ended without conclusion. Main opposition Congress and Madheshi front did not agree over "constitution amendment bill". Congress and Madheshi front also had 2-side talks earlier today but that one also had ended without conclusion.

Main opposition Congress has obsectred the parliament today evening in favor of "constitution amendment bill"

Dec 11, 2015 Fri (Mangsir 25): Government and the madheshi front had brief dialogue today. The main opposition Nepali Congress refused to attend the talks. Congress is now against the new amended bill which is agreed by the government and the madheshi front. Congress wants the consensus on the original amendment bill they submitted earlier. Amid this they had interrupted the parliament yesterday and did not let "post-earthquake re-construction bill" be discussed.

Indian ambassador Ranjit Roy has given lunch to some members of parliament today. Amresh Kumar Singh, Anand Prasad Dhungana, Tejulal Chaudhari from Congress, Surendra Pandey from UML, Raibindrapratap Shah from Maoist and Dilnath Giri from RPP Nepal etc attended the lunch.

Dec 10, 2015 Thu (Mangsir 24): Government, main opposition congress and two leaders from Madheshi front had 3-side dialogue today. Madhehsi front agreed to let government pass "post-earthquake re-construction bill" through the parliament. But the Government and the front kept on with their respective 3-point and 11-points proposals.

Dec 7, 2015 Mon : Indian upper house 'Rajya Sabha' has discussed about Nepal. 14 MPs talked. MP Mani Shankar Aiyar said India should stop its bullying in Nepal and open the border. He further said the constitution is adopted by overwhelming majority not only from constituent assembly as a whole but also from members from terai region. Current agitation is not endorsed by majority of terai people. DP Tripathi said its not only a political crisis but also humanitarian crisis the Indian government has caused in Nepal and they should open the border asap. Karan Singh said it was bad policy to approach Nepal after they passed constitution in the CA. Foreign minister Sushma Swaraj answered this is saying this was not the first border-closure but there was a closure in time of Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. India had never accepted border closure of Rajiv Gandhi time before. 

Dec 6, 2015 Sun (Mangsir 20): Madheshi leaders have dinner meeting with Indian foreign minister Sushma Swaraj today. Before this Madheshi leaders also met JDU president Sharad Yadav, Indian Congress leader Karan Singh and Nationalist Congress general secretory DP Tripathi in Delhi today. JDU has strong presence in Bihar as JDU leader Nitish Kumar is current chief minister of Bihar State wheres Nationalist congress party has good presence in Maharashtra state.

Dec 5, 2015 Sat: Major parties and the Madhehsi front had "informal dialogue" today. Front rejected the 3 point proposal presented by PM Oli. Only two major madheshi leaders Updendra Yadav and Mahanta Thakur attended the meeting. Other two major madheshi leaders Rajendra Mahto and Marendra Raya Yadav have already went to India for tomorrow meeting.

Nepali people has demonstrated in San Francisco and Delhi against the Indian blockade. Similar protest are being organized in different cities of the world by Nepali diaspora. 

Dec 4, 2015 Fri: Madheshi leaders did not attend the scheduled dialogue with the major parties today. They instead went to Indian embassy in Kathmandu and met with the ambassador Ranjit Roy. Indian government has called top leaders of Madheshi front to Delhi for consultation.

Nepal government has requested Bangladesh Government to make the talk about 'oil purchase' in the government level.

Dec 3, 2015 Thu: Indian parliament has discussed about Nepal issue. Indian foreign minister Sushma Swaraj proposed to send a all-party delegation to Nepal.

Madheshi fornt and Chure Vawar Party has confronted in Nawalpur, Sarlahi district today. Police had to fire in sky to control the situation. Front has postponed their program.

A private company has brought the oil in Nepal for the first time. Petrolimex bought 42,000 aviation fuel through air today.

Dec 2, 2015 Wed: Foreign minister Kamal Thapa has met Indian foreign minister Susma Swaraj today. Thapa is in 3 days visit to India.

Scheduled talk for today between the government and the Madheshi front has been postponed. Leaders of Madheshi front did not show up in the talks.

Nov 20, 2015 Mon: Three side dialogue held in PM's residence today between the Government, Main opposition Congress and the agitating Madheshi front. Another talks will be after 2 days.

Nov 27, 2015 Fri (Mangsir 11): Local people have resisted the protesting program of Madheshi front in Itahari. They burnt down the main stage. Top leaders like Mahantha Thakur, Upendra Yadav and Rajendra Mahato had to cancel their program.

BJP leader Bijaya Joli arrived in Kathmandu. He met with the PM, president, leader of opposition and Madheshi leaders and expressed Indian concern about burning of Indian PM's effigy in Nepal.

Nov 24, 2015 Tue (Mangsir 8): Dr. Baburam Bhattarai declared 11 membered co-ordination committee for 'the new power'. Central co-ordinator is himself and international co-ordinator is his wife Hisila Yami.

Indian ambassador to Nepal Ranjit Roy has said the amendment of the constitution is the only way to resolve the constitution.

Maoist leader Prachanda and Madheshi front leaders has meeting today in Kathmandu.

Locals in Fuljor, Sarlahi have resisted the Highway blockade program by Madheshi front. Chure Bhawar National Unity Party led the people. Sarlahi district is in the heart of Madhesh region.

Nov 23, 2015 Mon (Mangsir 7): Its been 100 days of the Madheshi agitation.

Nov 22, 2015 Sun (Mangsir 6): Former PM and former Maoist leader Dr. Baburam Bhattarai started a 2 day conference in Kathmandu for 'the formation of a new power'. Leaders of agitating Madheshi front Upendra Yadav and Mahantha Thakur also took part to show the support of Madhehsi front. Pradip Giri from Congress, Tharuhat leader Gopal dahit, Padmaratna Tuladhar and Khagendra Sangarula also participated.

1 Madheshi protester named Dilip Shah killed in Police firing during the protest Saptari district. Agitators had demonstrated violating the curfew in Sunday morning. The had burnt down a police bit in Rupani and a van of the police chief of the saptari district.

Nov 21, 2015 Sat:  2 Killed and 17 injured in the Madheshi protest in Saptari district Saturday night. Biren Ram (15) and Nageshwor Yadav (30) were killed when police fired to clear the East-west Highway.

Nov 20, 2015 Fri : Nepalis protested in 5 cities of Australia (Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Darbin and Adilade) against the Indian blockade.  Also protested in front of Indian consulate in Hong kong.

People protested in Biratnagar in favor of undivided Jhapa-Morang-Sunsari. These three districts are the main reason behind ongoing Madhesh agitation. Madheshi parties want these three districts to be given to the newly declared state-2. Protesting since last 3 days "Undivided supporting" protesters do not want to join state-2 as a whole or even partly.

Nov 19, 2015 Thu (Mangsir 3): Madheshi front has decided to let School and Colleges open in the morning time and let medicine enter into Nepal through Biratnagar-Jogbani border point during the agitation.

Bangladesh is said to be ready to sell petroleum product to Nepal except the natural gas. Nepal oil corporation  (NOC) and Bangladesh petroleum corporation (BPC) had discussion today in Dhaka. NOC said they are starting homework for MOU and commerce agreement soon.

Nov 18, 2015 Wed (Mangsir 2): Dialogue between top leaders of big parties in the government and Madheshi front today ended without positive conclusion. Prachanda, Narayankaji Shrestha from Maoist, Jhalnath Khanal and Agni Kharel from UML and RPP leader Kamal thapa were involved from the government side whereas Upendra Yadav, Mahanta Thakur, Mahendra yadav etc were involved form the front. Largest party in the parliament Nepali congress did not show up in the dialogue. 

Prachandra was actively participating before this talk and had said it is going to be decisive. He had presented a new proposal earlier as removing hill districts from state-5 and morang and sunsari districts be finalized by federal commission. But Congress and UML did not support that.

Nov 17, 2015 Tue: Minister for Commerce and supply Ganesman Pun has arrived Beijing and requested Chinese leaders to provide gas to Nepal in subsidized price in current crisis. Minister Pun also has request letter from PM Oli. China has agreed to give oil without tax and service fee.

Nepalis protested against the blockade in front of United Nations headquarters in New York. The protest was organized by NRNA USA.

Nov 15, 2015 Sun: Parties in the Government have formed a new dialogue committee led by UCPN Maoist president Prachanda to make talks with protesting Madheshi front. Other members are Ex PM Jhalnath Khanal from UML and deputy PM Kamal Thapa from RPP.

China has proposed to send gas bullet directly inside Nepal. Nepali ambassador to China Dr. Mahesh Maskey said "China wants to open common check post in Panchkhal, Kabhre". Nepal needs 15 lakhs cylinders of LPG every month. One bullet truck contains 1250 cylinders of LPG gas. 40 bullet trucks per day would be sufficient to fuel Nepal's kitchen.

Nepal government has started selling subsidized woods to public amid fuel crisis. 41,000 kg wood was sold in Kathmandu in the first day.

Nov 12, 2015 Thu: Nepalis has protested in London against the visiting Indian PM Narendra Modi. Modi and UK Prime minister David Cameroon had issued a joint press release earlier today indirectly implying that UK has support on the Indian stand in Nepal issue.

Nov 11, 2015 Wed: UN Secretory general Ban Ki Moon has expressed his sorrow about the blockade in the Indo-Nepal border. He said this in the meeting with former PM Sushil Koirala in New York.

Nov 10, 2015 Tue: United Nations has requested all concerned parties to remove the blockade in Indo-Nepal border as a landlocked country Nepal has fundamental right to get free access to the sea. Stephane Dujarric, spokesman of UN secretory general Ban Ki Moon said "The Secretary-General indeed reiterates his concern over the obstruction of essential supplies on the Nepal-India border. Acute shortages in fuel supplies continue to impede planned deliveries to earthquake-affected villages in Nepal"

Nov 9, 2015 Mon (Kartik 23): Madheshi front rejected the official dialogue fixed for today between the front and the government. The wanted Nepal government to apologize first in the incident of Nov 2 when a Indian national was died during the protest. 

Nov 7, 2015 Sat: Protesting Madhesi front has decided to participate and disrupt the parliament from Now on. Except from the voting in the PM election they have been avoiding the parliament since last three months and protesting in Madhesh region of Nepal. Main opposition and largest party in parliament Nepali Congress is also considering the option of disrupting the parliament.

Deputy PM of Nepal CP Mainali has claimed that "India want to divide Nepal and merge Madhesh region into India". Indian embassy to Nepal has criticized this statement.

The leading Nepali online news www.onlinekhabar.com said "Indian Home minister Rajnath Singh is against the blockade and want to have good and friendly relation with Nepal. Indian PM is also worried about the situation. But the Indian bureaucracy is totally against Nepal. Indian Foreign secretory S. Jayasankar, Nepal desk chief Avay Thakur are against the political approach of good relationship. They are followed by Indian ambassador to Nepal Ranjti Roy. Collectively Jayasankar, Thakur and Roy are forcing leaders not to normalize the situation with Nepal.

Nov 6, 2015 Fri: PM KP Oli has said  the indian blockade of key border points is more inhuman than a war.  He further told a delegation of the Federation of Nepali Journalists (FNJ) that “Neighbouring country is bullying us on one hand and raising issues of impunity on the other”

The  largest Indian communist party CPI (Marxist) has criticized the behavior of Indian government to Nepal. They have said that PM Modi and BJP government did that purposefully looking the benefit of party in Bihar election.

Nov 5, 2015 Thu:  Nepal and China has made an agreement to open 7 new border points and 2 dry ports. 2 border points Tatopani and Rasuwagadhi are already in use. The new 7 points are Olanchunggola (Taplejung), Kimanthaka (Sankhuwasabha),  Lamabagar (Dolakha), Larke (Gorkha), Mugu district and Yari (Humla). Dry port in Larcha (Sindhuplanchowk) is under construction where as new one will be constructed in Timure (Rasuwa).

Nov 4, 2015 Wed: Nepal has raised "the issue of Indian blockade" in international forum. Deputy PM and Foreign minister Kamal Thapa said "any exogenous interest will only complicate matters" in the meeting of universal periodic review about Nepal in Jeneva. Thapa was replying the Indian aligation about violance in Nepal during maoist's civil war. India had said that it was “concerned” over “lack of political progress” and incidents of “violence, extra-judicial killings and ethnic discrimination” in Nepal.

Nov 3, 2015 Tue: China has said Nepal's matter should be solved without outside interference. Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying said “China is closely following the situation in Nepal. differences should be resolved properly through consultations in a peaceful manner with no interference from outside, restore stability back to Nepal as soon as possible and stay committed to post disaster reconstruction and long-term development of Nepal”

Nov 2, 2015 Mon: One Indian citizen named Ashish Kumar Ram involved in Madheshi protest killed in Birganj today. Several hundreds protesters had attacked the police post near Indo-Nepal border. Protesters also burn down Birgunj post office and Mahuhani police office. Earlier today, Nepal police had cleared the border to pass over 150 indian trucks into India. Indian PM Narendra Modi called Nepali PM KP Oli on phone and expressed his concern about the death of Indian protester.

Instead of apologizing the involvement of Indian citizens in Madheshi protest, Indian foreign ministry and Indian embassy in Nepal has said that the killed protester was innocent.

Nov 1, 2015 Sun (2072 Kartik 15): Government and Madheshi front had dialogue today in office of SS Forum in Tinkune, Kathmandu. Government agreed on medication of injured protesters and compensation to the family of died protesters. Government "noted" the demand of re-drawing of provinces and said they need the political consensus on any change in declared provinces. The Madheshi protest is in 79th day.

12 tankers of fuel trucks have entered Nepal until this morning from China through Rasuwa border. First 3 tankers came last night. Each tanker carry approx 9,000 to 12,000 liters. China has agreed to supply 33% fuel Nepal need.

Oct 31, 2015 Sat: Maoist candidate Nand Kishor Pun "Pasang" elected as the vice-president of Nepal defeating Nepali congress candidate Amiya Kumar Yadav by 325 -212 votes out of total casted 547 votes. Pun was the chief commander of Maoist's Pepole liberation army since Sep 2008 until it was disbanded. Protesting madheshi parties did not involve in the election.

Oct 29 2015 Thu (Kartik 12): Government and Madheshi front had dialogue today in the foreign ministry, Kathmandu. Kamal Thapa, Agni Kharel, Rekha Sharma and Ramjanam Chaudhari represented the government were as Laxmanlal karn, Hridiesh Tripathi and Lalbabu Raut represented the front. They agreed to form a committee to monitor the injured and under trial protesters. Committee members are Agni Kharel and Lalbabu Raut. 

Newly elected President Bidhya Bhandari has taken oath of the office. Outgoing president Rambaran Yadav has left the presidential house "shital niwas". He is now shifted to the official VVIP residence in Bhainsepati.

China, India and USA has congratulated the newly elected president of Nepal.

Oct 28, 2015 Wed :  Bidhya Devi Bhandari elected as the Second President (also the first female president) of Nepal. Among total 597 MPs 549 voted except protesting Madheshi parties. Bhandari, candidate from UML supported by all parties in government, got 327 votes whereas defeated candidate from Nepali Congress Kulbahadur Gurung got 214 votes.

Nepal Oil Corporation (NOC) has signed MoU with PetroChina (china's largest and one of the state-owned petroleum company) to buy petroleum products. Before this Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) had monopoly in Nepal's oil market. Nepal used to buy petroleum products of worth $1.3 billion from India annually. Before some days China had also announced to give Nepal 1000 metric tonne petroleum products immediately on grant basis amid serious fuel crisis.

China has expressed its readiness for "friendly" talks with India about Nepal and acute fuel shortage due to a blockade of border points. Spokesman of Chinas foreign ministry Lu Kang told this in a media briefing today.

Oct 25, 2015 Sun (Kartik 8): Government and Madheshi front had dialogue today. It was said to be positive. Next talk will be in Kartik 12. Kamal Thapa, Agni Kharel, Rekha Sharma and Ramjanam Chaudhari represented the government and Mahantha Thakur, Hridayesh Tripathi, Laxmanlal Karna, Lalbahadur Raut and Ramnaresh Yadav represented the front today. 

Madheshi protest is in its 72nd day today and 32nd day of protest on Indo-Nepal border.

Oct 24, 2015 Sat (Kartik 7): European Union has requested India to open its unofficial blockade on Nepal. Jean Lambert, chair of the committee about South Asia in the European parliament issued a press release about it.

Oct 22, 2015 Thu (Kartik 5): Today Nepali people celebrated Vijaya-dashami, the main festival in the year, without proper fuel for the vehicle and enough LPG gas for cooking. About 2 million people from every corner of Nepal living in the capital city Kathmandu used to visit their hometown every year for this festival.

Oct 20, 2015 Tue (Kartik 3): Government and Madheshi front had brief dialogue today in the office of TMLP in Bijulibazar, Kathmandu. Kamal Thapa, Agni Sharma, Rajanam Chaudhari and Rekha Sharma represented the government and Mahantha Thakur and Hridayesh Tripathi represented the front today. Since many of the members of dialogue teams were unavailable, talk was postponed after the introduction.

Oct 19, 2015 Mon: On the last day of his 3 day visit Nepali deputy PM and foreign minister Kamal Thapa met Indian PM Narendra modi today. Yesterday he had met Indian foreign minster Sushma Swaraj and Home minister Rajnath Singh. Indian leaders assured the free flow of goods through India-Nepal border points. But despite of their several commitment India has still put blockade on the supply.

Government formed a team to talk with protesting Madheshi front. The dialogue team is led by Deputy PM Kamal Thapa and the members are Minister of Law Agni Kharel, Minister of general administration Rekha Sharma and Minister without portfolio Ramjanam Chaudhari.

Oct 16, 2015 Tue (Ashoj 29, 2072): Onsari Gharti unanimously elected as the Speaker of the parliament. She was deputy-speaker before. Similarly Ganga Yadav unanimously elected as the Deputy-Speaker. 

Gharti was the candidate of UCPN Maoist and Yadav was the candidate of RPP Nepal. Ruling parties UML, Maoist, RPP Nepal and MJF democratic had agreement on this before. Main opposition Nepali Congress also supported both candidate.

Oct 13, 2015 Mon: Unofficial Indian blockade on Nepal has got loose since the election of new PM. Significant numbers of loaded trucks have entered Nepal yesterday and today.

Leaders of protesting Madheshi parties are criticized by madheshi people for their involvement in PM election. Mr. Brijesh Kumar Gupta, vice-leader of TMLP and Sarita Giri, joint-president of Sadbhawana Party led by Ani Kumar Jha has resigned from their post.

Oct 12, 2015 Sun: PM elect KP Oli has taken oath as the Prime Minister of Nepal. Bijaya Gachhadar, leader of MJF Democratic and Kamal Thapa, leader of RPP Nepal became vice-prime ministers. MJF is one of the protesting Madhehsi party and RPP Nepal is a far right Hindu royalist party.

Chinese PM Li Keqiang has congratulated the new PM of Nepal.

Oct 11, 2015 Sun: KP Sharma Oli elected as new Prime Minister of Nepal by the parliament. Out of total 587 votes Oli got 338 votes. Another candidate current PM Sushil Koirala got only 249 votes.

Protesting Madheshi and Tharuhat parties also involved in the election process. United Madheshi front (S.S. Forum, TMLP, Sadbhawana, TMSP) voted in favor of Sushil Koirala. MJF Democratic voted KP Oli making 8-point deal with UML.

Nepal's two neighbors India and Chin congratulated the new PM. Indian PM Narendra Modi congratulate on the phone and invited him to visit India. Chinese ambassador to Nepal Wu Chuntai went to Oli's residence in Balkot.

Oct 10, 2015 Sat: PM Koirala has announced his candidacy for next PM. He had said not to be the candidate in the yesterday's meeting of his party Nepali congress. India is being blamed to be the player behind this.

Election is due tomorrow morning. Another PM candidate KP Oli has said to have majority members in his favor SO FAR.

Oct 9, 2015 Fri: Prime Minister Suhil Koirala has resigned from his post. Election of the new PM is due Sunday in the parliament. UML president KP Oli has announced the candidacy which is proposed in the parliament by Maoist president Prachanda and supported by RPP Nepal president Kamal thapa. UML, Maoist and RPP-N are second, third and forth largest parties in the parliament. Currently 3 parties have 291combined seats out of current 598 total seats.

Oct 8, 2015 Thu: Government of Nepal has opened the global tender for importing petroleum products in Nepal. Indian oil corporation had the monopoly in Nepal's oil market before this.

Oct 7, 2015 Wed: Today's dialogue between Government and Madheshi front has ended without conclusion. Madheshi front has demanded clear cut two provinces in terai region.

Youths have protested in front of Indian embassy in Kathmandu with petrol in bottol. India has blocked supply of oil in Nepal but Indian Embassy yesterday had requested oil from Nepal oil corporation for their use. After that hastag #DonateOiltoIndianEmbassy had got viral in twitter.

Oct 5, 2015 Mon (Ashoj 18): Major 3 parties in government and Madheshi morcha had dialogue today. Congress leader Mahesh Acharya, UML leader Agni Kharel and Maoist leader Narayan Kaji Shrestha Prakash represented the government. Madheshi front presented 35 points amendments in the constitution. Dialogue was completed without entering into political matter.

Oct 4, 2015 Sun: Protesting Madheshi front has formed a 4-member dialogue team for talks with the government. The four members are Laxmanlal karna from Sadbhawana, Sarbendranath Sukla from TMLP, Lalbabu raut from Forum and Ramnaresh Raya from TMSP.

Despite of their announcement yesterday India has continued its blockade on Indo-Nepal border. Sunday out of 110 sent petroleum tankers they fueled only 10. Nepal oil corporation has refused to take just 10 tankers saying India is cheating to showoff the world.

Oct 3, 2015 Sat: After the criticism in both Nepal and India the Government of India has agreed to lift its unannounced-blockade on Indo-Nepal border. Indian foreign ministry informed about this to Nepali foreign ministry. Also Indian ambassador to Nepal informed this to Nepali PM. India had been cutting the supply of essential goods, medicine and petroleum to landlocked Nepal since 10 days without acknolodging it.

Oct 2, 2015 Fri : On the first meeting of transformed parliament today Prime Minister Sushil koirala has announced to resign from his post to give the way for new government. The new constitution has provisioned to from a new national government within a week of the first meeting. President has called political parties to form new government according to Article 298 (2).

Unofficial dialogue between protesting Tharu and Madheshi parties and the government is still going on. They are yet to reach on the conclusion. Meanwhile the protest has reached 45th day so far.

Sep 29,2015 Tue (Ashoj 12, 2072 BS): Baburam Bhattarai, splinter leader of UCPN Maoist, has addressed a rally in Jahakpurdham. He is believed to be sympathetic to Madheshi protest. But as soon as he left the program the stage was burn by the protesters. There are many parties, fronts and groups involved in Madhesh protest. Sometime they protest together and sometimes separately.

Nepal itself has restricted to import fruits and vegetables from India in protest of Unannounced Indian blockade in Nepal mainly in Petroleum and Natural gas. Indian custom has been loose on fruits and vegetable trucks to show the world they have not done any sanction in Nepal. Nepal is believed to be relatively self sufficient in fruits and vegetables.

Sep 28, 2015 Mon (Ashoj 11, 2072 BS): Association of Cable TV operators in Nepal decided to stop broadcasting Indian channels in Nepal from tomorrow in the protest of unannounced Indian blockage on Landlocked Nepal.

Vice president of Nepal has issued a statement in support of Madheshi protest. He was heavily criticized in Nepal and suspended for some time (aug 2009-feb 2010) after taking oath of the office in Hindi language. He was reinstalled in the post after he retook the oath in his native Maithili language.

Sep 27, 2015 Sun (Ashoj 10, 2072 BS): Unannounced Indian blockade on Landlocked Nepal has created severe effect to general Nepali people. Scarcity of petroleum and LPG has its bad effect from all kind of transportation to Kitchen. People are protesting in front of Indian embassy in Nepal. (L1)

Madheshi protesters have continued to protest from Indian side of border. Indian police and public are openly supporting the protest. (L2)

Sep 26, 2015 Sat (Ashoj 9, 2072 BS): Influential UCPN Maoist leader and former prime minister Dr. Baburam Bhattarai left the party and his membership of parliament. He was active in constitution making process and had headed the political dialogue and consensus committee in the constituent assembly. (L1)

Government of Nepal has made a conclusion that the Indian Government has intentionally blocked the supply of good through the Indo-Nepal border. GON decided to take the matter to international forum as India violating universal right of a landlocked country and WTO free trade agreements. Because of the blockade fuel has become scarce in Nepal. Government has decided to imposed even-odd system (even-odd vehicle number plate to drive on even or odd days) from Sunday to control the use of petroleum. (L2)

India has continued "unannounced blocking" of all of check point of Indo-Nepal border in the name of safety. But most of the blocked check points are way too far from Madhesh region and in normal condition. Two major check points (Birgunj and Nepalgunj) are disturbed by Mesheshi protesting in Indian soil and  in 'no mans land' on the border and with the logistic and physical help of Indian police and public. (L3)

Sep 25, 2015 Fri (Asoj 8, 2072 BS): Nepali Foreign Ministry has asked clarification from Indian Ambassador about Indian blockade in the border. Indian Foreign ministry also issued a press note today and claimed that the obstructions are due to protests on the Nepalese side. But India has been providing logistic support to the Madheshi protest and has started to control the flow in Indo-Nepal border. And following their government many major Indian media has has started giving false information about the constitution and spreading propaganda. (L1)(L2) (L3)

Sep 24, 2015 Thu (Ashoj 7, 2072 BS): India has started blocking the open Indo-Nepal border to pressurize Nepal through control of supply. They did not let enter any Trucks through one of the major southern border point Biratnagar today. Similarly only 12 Trucks came through another southern point Belhiya-Rupendehi where 600 vehicles used to come every day. Only 6 vehicles entered through eastern port Kakadbhitta where about 150 trucks used to pass normally. The Kakadbhitta border is significantly far from protesting Madhesh are. Birgunj check post was interrupted by Madhesi protesters. (L)
Sep 23, 2015 Wed (Ashoj 6, 2072 BS): Indian Express, a major newspaper in India, published that India gave list of "7-point demand" to Nepal for amendment of the constitution. But the given Indian demands are different than the demands of protesting Madheshi parties. Indian foreign ministry though rejected this news. (L1)(L2)

After having consultation in Delhi Indian ambassador to Nepal Ranjit Ray had returned Kathmandu this morning and met the Nepali prime minister.  He also met Prachanda in the day and clarified that 7-points demands published in the media are not Indian demands.

Russian foreign ministry acknowledged that Nepal's new constitution meets the generally accepted standard.

Sep 22, 2015 Tue (Ashoj 5, 2072 BS): Hashtag #BackOffIndia has made the worldwide trend in twitter today. Nepali people are furious about Indian intervention in Nepal. India is angry that Nepal democratically issued the constitution and rejected the Indian advice.

United StatesGermany and France welcomed the new Constitution in the statements issued by their foreign ministry today. (L1) (L2)

Sep 21, 2015 Mon (Ashoj 4, 2072): Three major political parties (Congress, UML & Maoists) organized a combined rally in Kathmandu to welcome the new constitution today. Prachanda announced that "they are not YES man of India."

Indian Foreign ministry issued second statement today about their concern in the new constitution. India indirectly threatened Nepal to seal the open Indo-Nepal border. India had initially made some unsuccessful attempts to delay / block the constitution. (L)

ChinaJapanPakistanUKEUSwitzerland and Norway welcomed the new constitution.

Sep 20, 2015 Sun (Ashoj 3, 2072 BS): President Dr. Ram Baran Yadav promulgated the Constitution of Nepal in the last meeting of Constituent Assembly today. 

The new constitution is welcomed throughout the country with fireworks and illumination. Some unsatisfied political parties (Madheshi and Tharuhat parties) celebrated the day as a black day.

With the issuance of the new constitution the Constituent Assembly has finished all its given job. The CA now has automatically transferred as a regular parliament which will last some more years.

Indian foreign ministry issued a statement about Nepal and said they have noted that Nepal got a new constitution. They have not welcomed the constitution. (L)

Sep 19, 2015 Sat (Ashoj 2): Three major political parties once again jointly appealed agitating Madheshi and Tharuhat parties for dialogue. They say they are ready for adjusting the boundary of proposed 7 provinces. Madheshi parties refused the dialogue.

Chairman of CA Subhaschandra Nemwang also appealed protesting parties to sign on the new constitution before its promulgation.

A new political front is established in Madhesh by Sadbhawana Party, splinter CPN Maoist led by Matrika Yadav & Terai Madhesh Rastriya Abhiyan led by JP Gupta. Leader of the new front is president of Sadbhawana Party Rajendra Mahto. Before this Sadbhawana party was in Samyukta Loktantrik Madheshi Morcha (United Democratic Madheshi Front- UDMF) with other three parties (Sanghiya Samajbadi Forum led by Upendra Yadav, Terai Madesh Loktantrik Party led by Mahantha Thakur & Terai Madhesh Sadbhawana Party led by Mahendra Raya Yadav. UDMF has been leading Madheshi protest since more than a month.

Sep 18, 2015 Fri (Ashoj 1): 537 CA member signed the 5 official copies of endorsed new constitution today. 4 CA members who were absent in voting (Rajya Laxmi Golchha, Bishwendra Paswan, Meghraj Nepali Nishad & Laxman Rajbanshi) also signed the constitution despite of their bad health condition. Chairman of constituent assembly Subash Chandra Nembang then certified the constitution.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's special envoy to Nepal S. Jayasankar arrived Kathmandu this morning. He met with UML president KP Oli, Various Madheshi leaders, UCPML leders Prachanda, Baburam bhattarai etc, President Rambaran Yadav and Prime Minister Sushil Koirala throughout the day. He is being suspected for vandalizing constitution process by Nepali nationalist.

Sep 16, 2015 Wed (Bhadau 30, 2072 B.S.):  Nepal's Constitution 2072 B.S. is endorsed by the constituent assembly meeting by 2/3 majority today. Out of total 598 current CA members 507 voted for YES (84.78%), 25 Voted No and 66 were absent. 25 CA members who voted against the constitution were the leaders of RPP-Nepal, a hindu royalist party. [List of absent CA members: See below]

Among 598 current total members 532 (88.96%) were present in the meeting. 54 members from 8 Madheshi Parties [Sanghiya Samajbadi Forum (15), MJF Democratic (14), TMLP (11), Sadbhawana (6), Terai Madhesh Sadbhawana (3), Rastriya Madhesh Samajbadi (3),  MJF-Republic (1), Sanghiya Sadbhawana (1)] and members from 2 Tharuhat parties [Tharuhat Terai (2), Sanghiya Loktantrik Rastriya Manch-Tharuhat (1)]  and independent member (Chandreshwor Jha) has been absent since weeks in favor of Madhesh and Tharuhat protests. Congress, UML, Maoist and 3 other lawmakers from 3 small parties also did not attend the meeting. [See below: list of all absent CA members]

Constituent Assembly initially had provisioned total 601 members out of which 240 were directly elected (FPTP) (incl 2 independent), 335 were proportional and 26 had to be nominated. But out of 26 nomination 2 were still due. Also the seat of RPP leader and former Prime Minister Surya Bhahdur Thapa was empty after he died in Apr 2015.

Articles 177 to 308 were also endorsed clause-by-clause by constituent assembly earlier today. The constitution has total 308 articles including 6 added today.

Sep 15, 2015 Tue : articles 58 to 176 endorsed by the constituent assembly meeting today.

CA meeting also unanimously passed a bill about "the issuance of new constitution on Sep 20" to make president lawfully liable to attend the constitution issue ceremony. Some people believe that President Ram Baran Yadav is against the constitution. It is provisioned that a new president will be elected within a month of new constitution. Current president has been serving since last 7 years.

4 people killed in Madheshi protest near Madhendra Highway in Bethri, Rupendehi district.

Sep 14, 2015 Mon: articles 4-57 endorsed by constituent assembly meetings today. New constitution is expected to be issued on Sep 20th (Ashoj 3, 2072 B.S.)

Sep 13, 2015 Sun: first 3 articles of Nepal's future constitution endorsed by the constituent assembly today.  Articles 1 and 2 were endorsed unanimously where as article 3 by majority. Its is provisioned that each articles must be endorsed clause-by-clause. There are total 302 articles and 9 appendix in the proposed constitution.

541 members among current 598 were present in the meeting. Members of protesting Madheshi parties did not attend.  It is said to be the highest attended meeting of this constituent assembly so far.

Sep 11, 2015:  3 protesters killed in Janakpur, and 2 killed in Jaleshwor in violent Madheshi protest today. Protesters also killed one Junior police office A.S.I Dhaman Bahadur B.K. in Mahottari district.

Three major parties meeting today again called the protesters for lalk and they decided to pause constitution process for 2 days to make environment for that.

Sep 9, 2015: 4 people killed in Madheshi protest in Jaleshwor city of Mahottari district and one killed in Bhardah Janakpur. Three major political parties once again called the protesting Madheshi & Tharuhat parties to talk and resolve the issue. The constitution is going to be issued very soon; and the three parties want protesting groups to use the chance before the constitution is finalized.

Sep 5, 2015: Three major political parties (Congress, UML & Maoists) agree to present common amendment proposal on the Bill of the new constitution to address ongoing protests on Madhesh and Tharuwan regions. Tharuhat demand will be addressed by 'state commission'. Four other commissions will be formed- for Janajatis, Muslims, Madheshi and Tharu communities. Baglung district will not be divided. Division of Rukum district will be reviewed by 'state commission'. Forth party in the meeting MJF-Democratic opposed this agreement and said it will boycott the voting process in the Constituent Assembly (CA).

Sep 1, 2015: 5 protesters killed in violent protest organized by Madheshi front in Bara & Persa districts of south eastern Nepal. Tharu protest in south western Nepal is still on going.

Aug 24, 20158 police officers (including SSP Laxman Neupane, inspectors Balaram Bishta and Keshav Bohora and 2 others from Nepal police and 2 from APF), one child and 3 protesters killed in Kailali district in a violent protest organized by Tharuhat/ Tharuwan united front. Some police officers were burnt alive. Other 17 from Police and 21 from APF were injured in the incident. Tharu protesters are demanding Tharuhat state in future federal Nepal. Following the incident emergency meeting of the National Security Council in Kathmandu decided to deploy the army in Kailali, Sarlahi and Rautahat districts.

Aug 21, 2015: After several protests in two weeks 3 major political parties (Congress, UML & Maoist) now agree on a new 7 states model. Three parties have combined 451 (75%) seats in Constituent assembly. 4th party from earlier agreement (Forum-democratic) opposed the agreement.

The 6th state from the earlier "6-state model" is divided into two creating new 6th and 7th state. Salyan district from earlier 5th state is given to new state-6. One village (thori) from parsa district in state-2 is given to state-3.
Many regional organizations and parties protested against earlier proposed 6 states model demanding:-
- Akhanda Sudur-paschim (undivided far-west region)
- Akhanda Madhya-paschim (undivided mid-west region)
- Tharuhat Pradesh (from Nawalparasi to Kanchanpur excluding hill districts)
- Karnali pradesh (including present Karnali zone)
- Akhanda Baglung district (not to divide present baglung district)
Aug 8, 2015: Four major political parties (Congress, UML, Maoist and Forum-Democratic) agree on a new 6 states model. All new 6 states will have boundary with India. 4 states (except 2 Lumbini & Madhesh) will have boundary with China as well.

Jul 2, 2015: CA started to discuss over the draft.

2015 June 30: Chairman of constitution draft committee Krishna Prasad Sitaula presented the draft of the constitution in the CA.

June 9, 2015 : 16-points agreement between four major political parties (Congress, UML, Maoist and Forum-Democratic). They also agreed on 8 state model. But boundaries are not yet finalized. Maoist led 30-party alliance split. (see DOCUMENT here)

Apr 25, 2015 : Earthquake in Nepal

Jan 19, 2015 (Magh 5, 2071): Maoists broke chairs in the Constituent Assembly. Maoist member Umesh Yadav came in news. 30-party alliance led by Maoist and Madheshi front is agitating against the government since months. 

Nov 26/27, 2014: 18th SAARC summit

Oct 27, 2014: CPN-UML proposes 4 states model. Each states will consists hills and terai regions. The proposed four states are: Eastern, Central, Gandak & Karnali. (Link) Later other leaders of UML criticized this idea. UML officially supports Congress 6 or 7 states model. (Link)

Oct 12, 2014: Nepali Congress proposed two model of six- or seven-states (Link)

Apr 4, 2014 (2070 Chaitra 21): 67 membered constitution draft committee sworn-in by CA chief Subaschandra Nemwang. Committee will have total 73 members (link)

March 28, 2014: CA secreterient submitted the desition of last CA to the president of current CA. (2070 चैत १४ : संधिवानसभा सचिवालयले अघिल्लो संविधानसभाका निर्णय र अभिलेख सभामुखलाई पेस गर्यो, सभामुखले संविधान अभिलेख अध्ययन तथा निक्र्योल सििमतमा पठाए)

Feb 26, 2014: Maoist leader Onsari gharti elected as vice-chairman of CA. (2070 फागुन १४:  उपाध्यक्ष तथा उपसभामुखका ओनसरी घर्तीलाई संविधानसभाले बहुमतले निर्वाचित गर्यो )

Feb 18, 2014: UML leader Subash Chandra Nemwang elected as President of Constituent Assembly.

Aug 3/4, 2014: Indian PM Narendra Modi visited Nepal

Nov 19, 2013 (2070 Mangsir 4): Election of 2nd Constituent Assembly

Apr 28, 2012 : UML presented the new proposal to federate the country into 12 states. (L)

Jan 19, 2012 : State Reconstruction Commission proposes two separate federal structures, one with 11 states (including one non territorial state) and another with 6 states.

Jan 20, 2010: State Reconstruction Committee of CA passes federal structure of 14 states supported by UCPNM and UML. 14 proposed states and map are as follows:-

east hills: Limbuwan, Kirat, Sherpa, Sunkoshi,
central hills: Newa, Tamsaling,
west hills: Narayani, Tamuwan, Magarat, Jadan, Karnali, Khaptad,
terai: Mithila-Bhojpura-Koch-Madhesh, Lumbini-Awadh-Tharuwan.

May 28, 2008: First Constituent Assembly (CA) meeting declares Nepal to be federal democratic republic by 560-4 votes. (12)

Apr 10, 2008 : First Constituent Assembly election.CPN Maoist, Nepali Congress, CPN-UML & MJF became 1st,2nd,3rd & 4th party respectively.

Feb 28, 2008 : 8-point agreement (८ बुँदे सहमति)  between Government and "Samyukta Loktantrik Madheshi Morcha" including MJF, TMLP, Sadbhawana Party (Agreed on Nepal to be Federal democratic republic and there will be autonomous Madhesh state). (see DOCUMENT here)

Aug 30, 2007: 22-point agreement between government and MJF

Jan 16 2007 : Madhesh uprising started led by Madheshi Janadhikar Forum (MJF)

Jan 15, 2007 : Interim constitution of Nepal 2007 issued.

Apr 24, 2006 : '19 days-Democracy movement of Nepal' ended, King re-instated the old parliament.

Feb 13, 1996 - Nov 21, 2006 : Maoist's Civil war & Peace agreement

1st Constituent Assembly:
Election day: April 10, 2008
First meeting : May 28, 2008
* First deadline: May 28, 2010 (2067 Jeth 14) 2 years,
* Second deadline: May 28, 2011 (2068 Jeth 14) 1 year,
* Third deadline: Aug 31, 2011 (2068 Bhadau 14) 3 months,
* Forth deadline: Nov 30, 2011 (2068 Mangsir 14) 3 months
Nov 25, 2011 (2068 Mangsir 9): Supreme court allows to add only 6 months more time. (L)
* Fifth deadline: May 27, 2012 (2069 Jeth 14) 6 months [CA dissolved]

2nd Constituent Assembly:

Election day: Nov 19, 2013
First meeting: Jan 21, 2013
* First deadline: Jan 22, 2015 (Magh 8, 2071) 1 year
No more new deadlines

Feb 11, 2014 - Present : Shushil Koirala as PM
Mar 14, 2013-Feb 11, 2014: Khil Raj Regmi as PM [Election Government]
Aug 29, 2011-Mar 14, 2013 : Baburam Bhattarai as PM
Feb 6, 2011 - Aug 29, 2011: Jhal Nath Khanal as PM
*16-times PM election : Ram Chandra Paudel (1st to 16th) vs Prachanda (1st to 7th) [Nobody won]
*(2010 July 21 1st - Aug 23 5th - Oct 6 10th - Nov 1 15th - Nov 4 16th)
May 25, 2009 - Feb 6, 2011 : Madhav Kumar Nepal as PM
Aug 18, 2008 - May 25, 2009 : Prachanda as PM
July 23, 2008 - present : Ram Baran Yadav as 1st President of Nepal
Apr 25, 2006 - Aug 18, 2008 : Girija Prasad Koirala as PM

See Also:-
  1. List of proposed federal structures
  2. Nepal related pages
  3. Timeline of Nepali Civil War (1996-2006)
  4. Unification of Nepal
  5. Historical administrative divisions of Nepal

CA Procedures (technical part)

2071 जेठ १३ : राज्य पुनर्संरचना उच्चस्तरीय आयोगले तयार पारेको प्रतिवेदन अभिलेख तथा अध्ययन तथा निक्र्योल समितिमा पुग्यो । 
jeth 5 : संबिधानसभाबाहिर रहेका दलहरुलाई संबिधान लेखन प्रक्रियामा ल्याउन  राजनीतिक सम्बाद तथा सहमति समितिले समिति सदस्य पूर्ण बहादुर खड्काको सयोजकत्वमा ९ सदस्यीय उपसमिति गठन  ।

2015 Apr 25: Earthquake in Nepal

2072 jeth 25 (2015 June 9): प्रमुख तीन राजनीतिक दल र मधेसी जनअधिकार फोरम लोकतान्त्रिकका शीर्ष नेताबीच १६ बुँदे सहमति

2072 Jeth 28: संवाद समितिले ०७२ जेठ २८ मा संविधानसभामा प्रतिवेदन पेस गरेको थियो । सभामा जेठ २९ मा छलफल भयो । सहमति भएका विषय मस्यौदा समितिमा पठाइयो ।

2072 asad 1: उपसमितिहरुले आज प्रतिवेदन बुझाउँदै

2072 ashad 15:  नेपालको संविधान, २०७२ को पहिलो  मस्यौदा संविधान सभामा पेश | संविधानको पहिलो मस्यौदामा  एक सय २८ पृष्ठको मस्यौदामा २९७ धारा छन्। मस्यौदामा २७ भाग छन् भने ७ अनुसूची राखिएका छन्।

2072 asad 17-22:  मस्यौदामाथि संविधानसभामा छलफल सुरु । छलफलमा करिब चारसय जनाले भाग लिए ।

2072 asad 22: नेपालको संविधान, २०७२’ को प्रारम्भिक मस्यौदालाई ‘जनताको प्रतिक्रियाका लागि नेपाल राजपत्रमा प्रकाशन गरियोस्’ भन्ने प्रस्तावलाई निर्णायार्थ  पेस गर्दा त्यसलाई दुई तिहाईभन्दा बढी बहुमतले पारित । सरकारले मस्यौदालाई राजपत्रमा प्रकाशित गरेको छ।  अब १५ दिनसम्म यसलाई जनतासमक्ष लगिने छ।

प्रत्येक निर्वाचन क्षेत्रका कम्तिमा दुई प्रमुख व्यापारिक केन्द्रमा सम्बन्धित क्षेत्रका सभासदसहित कर्मचारीहरु सुझाव संकलनका लागि आउँदैछन् । जिल्ला जिल्लामा पठाउनका लागि मस्यौदाको २ लाख कपी प्रकाशित

2072 saun 4,5 : सुझाव संकलन कार्य सञ्चालन । लाखौंको संख्यामा नागरिकहरुले सहभागी भई मस्यौदामा सुझाव दिए ।

2072 साउन १२:  को सभाको बैठकमा सुझाव संकलन समितिले विधेयकमाथिको राय–सुझावसम्बन्धी प्रतिवेदन पेस गर्यो ।

2072 साउन १३ : मा प्रतिवेदनमाथि छलफल भयो । जनताका सुझाव समेटेर प्रतिवेदन तयार पार्न सभाले राजनीतिक संवाद तथा सहमति समितिलाई दियो ।

2072 saun 27: संविधानसभाको बैठकले संबैधानिक राजनीतिक संवाद समितिले तयार पारेको प्रतिवेदनका साथै टुंगो लगाउन बाँकि विषयलाई समेटी पाँचदिनभित्र संविधानको विधेयक तयार पार्न मस्यौदा समितिलाई निर्देशन ।

2072 saun 29: एमाओवादी सभासद प्रभु साहद्वारा मस्यौदा समितिबाट राजीनामा | राजीनामा उनले समिति सभापति कृष्ण सिटौलालाई नै बुझाए ।

2072 bhadau 1: संविधानको विधेयक तयार पार्ने जिम्मा पाएको संविधान मस्यौदा समितिको म्याद आजैदेखि लागू हुनेगरी चार दिनका लागि थप।

2072 bhadau 6 :  संविधान मस्यौदा समिति सभापति कृष्णप्रसाद सिटौलाबाट संविधानको परिमार्जित विधेयक  संविधानसभामा पेश । लामो राजनीतिक उतारचढाव र खिचातानिका बाबजूद प्रमुख तीन दलका शीर्ष नेताहरुबीच शुक्रबार भएको सहमति पश्चात तयार समितिले विधेयक तयार पारेको थियो। मधेसी जनअधिकार फोरम लोकतान्त्रिकका अध्यक्ष विजयकुमार गच्छदारले प्रदेशको सीमांकन र संख्या प्रति असहमति । मस्यौदा समितिले तयार पारको प्रतिवेदनमा ३७ भाग, ३०२ धारा र ९ अनुसूचि रहेको छ।

2072 भदौ 10-13:  संविधानसभा मस्यौदा समितिले पेस गरेको नेपालको संविधानको परिमार्जित विधेयकमा छलफल । विधेयकमाथि सामान्य संशोधनसहित दफावार छलफल भदौ २२,२३,२४,२५ र २७ को बैठकमा भयो । २७ देखि ३० सम्मका बैठकमा परिमार्जित विधेकयका सबै संशोधित धारा प्रस्तावना, नाम , प्रारम्भ र अनुसूचीमाथि समेत निर्णय भयो । अन्त्यमा दुईतिहाइभन्दा बढी पाँच सय सात मतले पारित भयो ।

नेपालको संविधान, २०७२ को मस्यौदा संविधान सभामा पेश
नेपालको संविधान, २०७२ को मस्यौदा संविधान सभामा पेश
2072 bhadau 30: endorsed by 507 votes.

2072 bhadau 31: नेपालको संविधानको पारित विधेयकमा भएका भाषागत त्रुटी र क्रमसंख्या मिलाउन बनाइएको "आनुषाङ्गिक समिति"ले सभाध्यक्षलाई प्रतिवेदन बुझायो http://setopati.com/constituent-assembly/33996/

2072 ashoj 1 friday: सचिवालयले अब प्रतिवेदन अनुसार भाषा तथा क्रमसंख्या मिलाएर शुक्रबार ५ प्रति संविधान छाप्नेछ। छापिएका प्रतिहरुमा संविधान सभा सदस्यहरुले शुक्रबार नै हस्ताक्षर गर्नेछन्। शुक्रबार साँझ पाँच बजे सभाध्यक्ष नेम्वाङले हस्ताक्षर गरी प्रमाणीत गर्ने छन्।

2072 ashoj 2 sat: अध्यक्ष नेम्वाङले प्रमाणित गरेको प्रतिहरुमा शनिबार राष्ट्रपति डा. रामवरण यादवले हस्ताक्षर गर्ने कार्यक्रम पनि तय भएको छ। राष्ट्रपति यादवले नियमावली अनुसारको ढाँचामा संविधानका प्रतिमा हस्ताक्षर गर्नेछन् र 

2072 ashoj 3 sun: संविधान संविधान सभा भवनमा आयोजना हुने विशेष समारोहमा जारी

related committees in the Constituent Assembly

1. मस्यौदा समिति - Constitution draft committee
माहतहतका उपसमिति - sub-committees
> व्यवस्थापकीय उपसमिति - संयोजक भरतमोहन अधिकारी (एमाले) - Parliament sub-committee
> प्रस्तावना र परिभाष उपसमिति - संयोजक जितेन्द्र देव (फोरम लोकतान्त्रिकका) - premble & definition sub-committee
> मौलिक हक, राज्यको निर्देशक सिद्धान्त उपसमिति -  संयोजक  अइन्द्रसुन्दर नेम्वाङ (माले) - fundamental right &  directive principle sub-committee
> न्यायपालिका उपसमिति - संयोजक रमेश लेखक (कांग्रेस) - Judiciary sub-committee 
> कार्यपालिका उपसिमिति - संयोजक हितराज पाण्डे (एमाओवादी) - Executive sub - committee
2. संविधान अभिलेख अध्ययन तथा निक्र्योल समिति
3. राजनीतिक सम्बाद तथा सहमति समिति
4. आनुषाङ्गिक समिति: for language correction
5. राज्यको पुन:संरचना र राज्य शक्तीको  बाडफाट समिति: re-structure & division of resources committee

 List of absent CA member on Voting day (Sep 16th, 2015)

स‍ंघीय समाजवादी फोरम नेपाल: उपेन्द्र यादव, उर्मिलादेवी शाह, अभिषेकप्रताप शाह ,अशोक कुमार राई ,छायाशर्मा पन्त 
डिलबहादुर नेपाली,उषा यादव , काशीम अलि सिद्दिकी , जन्नतुन निसा धुनिया , लक्ष्मीकुमारी चौधरी ,लालबाबु राउत , डा शिवजी यादव, श्रवणकुमार अग्रवाल , वीरेन्द्रप्रसाद महतो , राधादेवी तिमल्सिना 

तमलोपा:  सर्वेन्द्रनाथ शुक्ला, विजयकुमार सि‍ंह, अकबल अहमद शाह, इन्द्रा झा, कमलेश्वर पूरी गोस्वामी, केदारनन्दन चौधरी, जङ्गीलाल राय , ब्रिजेशकुमार गुप्ता , मिना चौधरी , रमेशप्रसाद कुर्मी, राजकुमारी गडेेरिया 

सदभावना पार्टी:  राजेन्द्र महतो, नरसि‍ंह चौधरी, लक्ष्मणलाल कर्ण, विमलकुमार केडिया, शैलकुमारी देव, माधवी रानी शाह

राष्ट्रिय मधेस समाजवादी पार्टी: दिनेशप्रसाद शाह, धर्मेन्द्रप्रसाद शाह तेली, निर्जला राउत

तराई मधेस सदभावना पार्टी नेपाल: नरेन्द्र शाह कलवार, महिन्द्र राय यादव, अमेरिका कुमारी

सरिताकुमारी यादव (फोरम गणतान्त्रिक), डिम्पलकुमारी झा (संघीय सद्भावना), चन्देश्वर झा (स्वतन्त्र)

फोरम लोकतान्त्रिक: विजयकुमार गच्छदार, डा. सुवोधकुमार पोखरेल, आशा चतुर्वेदी, कल्पना चौधरी, गीता क्षेत्री, जनकराज चौधरी, जितेन्द्र नारायण देव, मो मुस्ताक आलम, योगेन्द्र चौधरी, रमणी राम, पवनकुमार शारडा, बाबुराम पोखरेल, रामजनम चौधरी

थरुहट तराई पार्टी नेपाल: गोपाल दहित, ग‍ंगा चौधरी (सत्गौवा)

रुक्मणि चौधरी (संघीय लोकतान्त्रिक राष्ट्रिय मञ्च थरुहट)

प्रदीप गिरि (नेपाली कांग्रेस) (Pradip Giri is in Delhi for health check up)
शीला खड्का (नेपाली कांग्रेस) (Shila Khadka, wife of Khum Bdr Khadka, is in Hindu protest)
प्रभु साह (एमाओवादी) (Prabhu Shah voluntarily left CA in favor of Madheshi Protest)
राज्यलक्ष्मी गोल्छा (एमाले) (Said to be health issue)
जयन्ती देवी राई (एमाले) (?)
विश्वेन्द्र पासवान (दलित जनजाति पार्टी) (health issue, just finished hunger strike)
मेघराज नेपाली निषाद (मधेस समता पार्टी नेपाल) (health reason)
लक्ष्मण राजवंशी (नेपाः राष्ट्रिय पार्टी) (unknown)


  1. http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/countries/nepal/document/index.html
  2. http://www.ekantipur.com/np/2068/10/21/full-story/342271.html
  3. http://www.newsvitta.com.np/more