List of Indian and Chinese districts sharing border with Nepal

7 districts/counties of China and 20 districts of India has border with Nepal. 14 districts of Nepal has border with China and 26 districts of Nepal has border with India. Nepali easternmost District Taplejung and westernmost district Darchula has border with both countries.

China is divided into 34 first level subdivision/governments among which 23 are provinces (including Taiwan), 4 municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai & Chongqing), 5 autonomous regions (Tibet, Inner Mongolia, Guangxi, Ningxia & Xinjiang) and 2 special administrative regions (Hong Kong & Macau).

Tibet, with the area of 12,28,000 sq km, is divided into 7 parts ( 4 prefecture-level-cities and 3 prefectures) among which "Shigatse prefecture-level-city" and "Ngari prefecture" has border with Nepal.

Shigatse prefecture-level-city (area: 182,000 sq km - population: approx. 7 lakh) has 1 district and 17 counties and Ngari prefecture (area: 304,683 sq km - population: approx. 1 lakh) has 7 counties. These counties and districts can somehow be compared with 75 districts of Nepal.

Capital city of Shigatse PLC is Shigatse city which is also known as Samzhubze or Rikaze. Its on G318 Highway about 475 kms from Nepal-china Tatopani border. Capital city of Tibet Lhasa is also on G318 highway about 275 kms from Sigatse city. G318 ultimately reach to largest Chinese city Shanghai in about 4,800 kms from Tatopani border or 4200 kms from Lhasa.

Capital city of Ngari prefecture is Shiquanhe city which is also known as Gar or Ali or Ngari. It is about 370 kms from Nepal-China Hilsa Border (Humla district). S207 and G219, the roads to Shiquanhe from Hilsa, go through famous hindu pilgrims sites Mansarobar (Mapham Yumtso) and Mt. Kailash. Mansarobar is about 90 kms from Hilsa border.

List of Chinese counties and bordering Nepali districts:-

1. Dinggye County (Singatse PLC)
(Taplejung & Sankhuwasabha districts)

2. Tingri County (Singatse PLC)
(Sankhuwasabha, Solukhumbu & Dolakha districts)

3. Nyalam County (Singatse PLC): Tatopani Naka, Khasa (Dram/Zhangmu) city
(Dolakha, Sindhupalchok & Rasuwa districts)

4. Gyirong County (Singatse PLC): Rasuwa Naka
(Rasuwa, Gorkha & Manang districts)

5. Saga County (Singatse PLC):
(Manang and Mustang districts)

6.  Zhongba County (Singatse PLC):
(Mustang, Dolpa, Mugu & Humla districts)
7. Burang County (Ngari prefecture): Hilsa Naka-Humla, Mt. Kailash & Mansarobar
(Humla, Bajhang & Darchula districts)

India has 29 states and 7 union territories. Indian states Sikkim, West Bengal, Bihar, Utter Pradesh and Uttarakhand share border with Nepal which is divided into 7 states now.

26 Nepali districts has border with 20 districts of India.

List of Indian Districts and bordering Nepali districts:-

1. North Sikkim district (State: Sikkim)

2. West Sikkim district (State: Sikkim)
(Panchthar & Taplejung)
3. Darjeeling (State: West Bengal)
(Jhapa & Illam)
4. Kishangunj (State: Bihar)

5. Araria (State: Bihar)
(Morang & Sunsari)

6. Supaul (State: Bihar)
(Sunsari & Saptari)

7. Madhubani (State: Bihar)
(Saptari, Siraha & Dhanusha)

8. Sitamarhi (State: Bihar)
(Mahottari, Sarlahi & Rautahat)

9. Purbi Champaran (State: Bihar)
(Rautahat, Bara & Parsa)

10. Paschim Champaran (State: Bihar)
(Parsa & Chitwan)
11. Maharajganj (State: UP)
(Chitwan, Nawalparasi and Rupandehi)

12. Siddarthnagar district (State: UP)
(Rupandehi & Kapilvastu)

13. Balrampur district (State: UP)
(Kapilvastu & Dang)

14. Shravasti district (State: UP)
(Dang & Banke)

15. Bahraich district (State: UP)
(Banke & Bardiya)

16. Lakhimpur Kheri district (State: UP)
(Kailali & Kanchanpur)

17. Pilibhit district (State: UP)

18. Udham Singh Nagar district (State: Uttarakhand)

19. Champawat district (State: Uttarakhand)
(Kanchanpur, Dadeldhura & Baitadi)

20. Pithoragarh district (State: Uttarakhand)
(Baitadi & Darchula)