Timeline of Nepal (1990 - present)

This timeline covers each and every relevant political events of Nepal since restoration of Democracy in 1990 to present. This timeline also covers some non political viral/trends occurred in Nepal to give the idea of the timeframe.

2nd KP Oli government (2018 Feb-present)

2018 Aug 1: the illegal Indian Field office in Biratnagar in eastern Nepal closed from today. India had established this 'temporary' office in Sunsari in 2008 Aug 20 without legal permit from Nepal govt after Koshi flood of 2008. Later India transferred to this office Biratnagar. Nepali side had been demanding its removal saying it was used to spy on Nepal and provoke madheshi people.

2018 June 30-Jul 26: the 15th hunger strike of Dr Govinda KC lasted for 27 days. 9 point agreement signed with the government at the end. (li)

2018 June 19-24: PM Oli visited China with 100+ team consisting various ministers. Oli met Chinese president Xi Xinpin and Prime Minister Li Keqiang. China assured to make trans himalayan rail link to Nepal. (li)

2018 Jun 18: terms of 59 members of National Assembly (upper house) decided through lucky draw. Constitution has provisioned the National Assembly to be a continuous institution for which 1/3 members gets replaced in every two years. For that for the first time 2,4 & 6 year term was to be decided by lucky draw for each 1/2 members. (li)

2018 May 17: Chudamani Upreti (Gore), prime suspect of 3,800 kg gold smuggling & murder case, got arrested. (li) Over 30 people including high rank police officers (SSP Dibesh Lohoni, SP Bikash Raj Khanal, DSP Sanjaya Raut etc) are suspect of this case. (li)

2018 May 16: Nepal's two largest communist parties CPN UML and CPN Maoists merged to form Communist Party of Nepal (CPN). The combined CPN has 174 seats (63%) and 53% popular vote in federal parliament. CPN also became the absolute majority party in 6 among 7 state assemblies and became largest party in the state 2 assembly. CPN also holds majority seats among all 753 local levels. The current federal government led by UML leader  KP Oli was formed in 2018 Feb with the alliance of these two parties.

2018 May 15: Climbing Mt Everest 22nd times, Kami Rita Sherpa made a new world record.

2018 May 10-11: Indian PM Modi visited Nepal. He visited Janaki, Pashupatinath & Muktinath temples and also received public honor given by cities of Janakpur, Kathmandu and Muktinath area.

2018 Mar 18: Nepal government decided to reduce the public holidays. Total public holidays will be 89 days including the weekends for Year 2075BS. It was 104 days in 2074 BS. (li) (li) Among 89 days 67 days are Saturdays, 15 days are public holiday for all & 22 days are holiday for respective region or communities.

2018 Mar 17: Nand Bahadur Pun uncontested for the second term as Vice President of Nepal.

2018 Mar-May: Transportation Syndicate : Mayur Yatatat started Kathmandu-Kabhre bus from Mar 15. 13 Bus and Tempo committees protested against them.  13 committees stopped their buses in protest also Some mayur bus driver and aids were beaten. Govt decided to cancel route permit for protesting buses. (li) Apr 17 govt decided not to renew permit for transportation syndicate throughout the country. (li) Nepal federation of commerce also supported govt decision. (li) May 3: transportation syndicate called for nationwide strike despite of govt warning. general people and private transportation companies supported the govt. Police arrested several syndicates leaders and removed the counters of protesting syndicates from new bus park Kathmandu (li) (li). Govt decided to make inquiry on wealth of syndicate leaders. (li) May 5: Syndicates took back their decision to strike. (li) May 6: govt and syndicates have 5 points agreements where syndicates agreed to take all strick program back. (li)

2018 Mar 15: (Chief Justice) Gopal Parajuli submitted resignation to the president effected today.

2018 Mar 15: Nepal Cricket Team secured ODI status for the first time. (li) Nepal along with Netherlands, Scotland & UAE will keep ODI status until 2022 world cup qualifier.

2018 Mar 14: Ganesh Prasad Timilsina from UML elected uncontested as the Chairman of National Assembly. Left Alliance has 39 (+3 nominated by left govt) members in 59 seats upper house.

2018 Mar 14: Judicial Council sent removal letter to Chief Justice Gopal Parajuli saying Parajuli's term as Chief Justice was ended in Aug 5, 2017 because of 65 years age limit. Parajuli had courted controversy after his multiple citizenship certificates with different birth dates were found. Dr Govinda KC has been doing hunger strike lately demanding to remove CJ Parajuli. Also 8 Justices of Supreme Court refused to take part in any hearing on Mar 13 & 14 protesting CJ Parajuli.(li)(li)

(Chief Justice) Gopal Parajuli administered the oath of newly re-elected President Bidhya Devi Bhandari despite of being sacked half hour before.(li) Dipak raj Joshi became active Chief Justice.

2018 Mar 13: President Bidhya Devi Bhandari re-elected as the President of Nepal for the 2nd term. She got 2/3 votes (39,275 vote weight). Her opponent Kumari Laxmi Rai (NC) got 11,730 vote weight. Current 331 federal MPs and 536 state assembly members each have 79 and 48 vote weight respectively.

2018 Mar 12 Mon: 51* Killed and 20 injured in the plane crash near runway of Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu. US Bangla airlines Flight 211 flying in from Dhaka, Bangladesh was making the landing. Plane had 67 passengers including 33 Nepali, 32 Bangladeshi, 1 Chinese and 1 Maldivian nationals. All 4 crew members were also killed. Among killed 22 are Nepali, 28 are Bangladeshi and a Chinese national. *2 among 51 were died in hospital Tuesday.

2018 Mar 11: PM Oli received 3/4 vote of confidence in the Parliament. Among total 275 members 208 voted for Oli, 60 voted against and 7 were absent. 1st, 3rd, 4th and 5th largest parties: UML, CPNM, RJPN & SSFN supported Oli whereas the 2nd largest NC became the main opposition.

2018 Mar 9: CPNMC leader Krishna Bahadur Mahara elected (uncontested) as the speaker of the house of representative.

2018 Mar 6-7: PM Oli visited India and met with Indian President P Kovid, PM Modi etc. Agreements made on Raxaul-Kathmandu rail line and Nepal India waterways link.

2018 Mar 5: Pakistan PM Shahid Khaqan Abbasi visited Nepal and met with PM oli, President Bhandari and other top leaders. (li)

2018 Feb 20:  CPN-UML and CPNMC signed 7 point agreement to unify the party. (link) Youbraj Khatiwoda, Ramnarayan Bidari and Bimala Paudel became National Assembly members as nominated by the new government and approved the the president. (li)

2018 Feb 12-15: KP Oli (UML) sworn in as the PM of Nepal. Also all 7 states got Chief Minister by today. Legislative and provincial election were held in 2017 Nov/Dec where left alliance of UML & maoists had secured nearly 2/3 majority.

4th Sher Bahadur Deuba government (2017 June -2018 Feb) 9 months

2018 Feb 7: Election of Rastriya Sabha (upper house) of Nepal. Out of total 59 seats parties got following seats: UML 27, NC 13, CPNM 12, SSF 2, RJP 2. 3 seats are nominated by president.

2018 Feb 1: First meeting of State 3 legislature. state 2,5,6,7 legislature first meeting on Feb 4 and state 1 & 4 in Feb 5.

2018 Jan 24: Deuba govt decided to give elderly pension starting at the age of 65. Age limit was 70 before this.

2018 Jan 21: state legislators of all 7 states sworn in in their respective states.

2018 Jan 18: Protests in Dhankuta, Birgunj, Dang and Dipayal against the gov decision to locate temporary provincial gov seat and demanding capital in their place.(dng,dhk,dip,bir). UML chair Oli said they do not approve provincial chiefs appointed by the gov.(li)

2018 Jan 17: Gov decided to locate provincial governments in Biratnagar, Janakpur, Hetauda, Pokhara, Rupandehi,  Surkhet and Dhangadhi for State 1 to 7 respectively. (li) Gov also appointed Provincial Chiefs in 7 provinces. They are Govinda Subba (state 1), Ratneshwor Lal Kayastha(2), Anuradha Koirala (3), Baburam Kunwar (4), Umakanta Jha (5), Durga Kesar Khanal (6) and Mohan Raj Malla (7). Kayastha is from SSFN and Jha is from RJPN. Rest are nominated from Nepali Congress. (li)

2018 Jan 5: Gov has decided to conduct National Assembly election on Feb 7.

2017 Dec 29: president has approved "upper-house election ordinance" after long debate. As current government led by NC claiming that lower house can not be completed before final result of upper house, formation of a new government is likely to take 2 months or so.

2017 Dec 25: political fight about "upper-house election ordinance" is still going on. Government led by Nepali Congress has sent an ordinance for presidential approval proposing "single transferable voting system (STV)". UML wants FPTP system. It is said that Nepali Congress could get 4/6 more seats in 59 seat upper-house if STV system is used. President has hold the ordinance and consulting major parties now looking for consensus among them. NC, RJPN & SSFN has favored STV and CPN-MC is flexible about any system. Election Commission has denied to issue the final result before upper-house is elected.

2017 Dec 20: Results of FPTP and Proportional systems came out. UML became largest single party getting total 121 seats among total 275 seats followed by Congress 63, CPNMC 53, RJPN 17 and SSFN 16. But as law to make upper-house election is still waiting the president's approval election commission did not announce final result of lower-house and because of this formation of new government became uncertain.

2017 Dec 7: Second phase of Legislative and Provincial election concluded in 45 hill and terai districts of Nepal. 70% turnout recorded.

2017 Nov 26: First phase of Legislative and Provincial election concluded in 32 hill and mountain districts of Nepal. 65% voter turnout.

Legislative and Provincial Election 2017    ↑

2017 Oct 31: Maoist leader Balkrishna Dhungel arrested and sent to prison to serve over 12 years jail time in the criminal case of murdering Ujjan Kumar Shrestha in 1998.

2017 Oct 28: 31 killed and 15 injured in a bus accident in Dhading, Gajuri. Night Bus was going from Rajbiraj to Kathmandu.

2017 Oct 17: PM has taken away portfolio from ministers from CPN maoist. He is said to have desire to get the election delayed as elections in scheduled dates (Nov  26 &Dec 7) could get bad result to NC because of the unity of two major parties UML & maoist. (linklink) As the parliament was ended in Oct 14th there is no any constitutional way to form the new government before the election.

2017 Oct 16: Nepal Loktantrik Forum led by Bijaya Kumar Gachhadar has been merged into Nepali Congress. It has 14 members in the parliament and won 9 chief seats in recent Local election.

2017 Oct 15: Akhanda Nepal Party has been merged into NC. This party had one proportional seat in recent legislative-parliament. As at least 1 FPTP seat and 3% popular vote required to be eledgible for proportional seat, most of smaller parties are being merged into either of three major parties to secure the future.

2017 Oct 14: Legislature Parliament will be ended today midnight. Election for new parliament is due for Nov 26 & Dec 7.

2017 Oct 14: 8 new ministers from RPP are added making new record of total 64 ministers. Four new ministers including a deputy pm (Kamal thapa) shorn in by the president. Other 4 are state ministers.

2017 Oct 13: Naya Shakti has opt-out the "left alliance" over the rejection of 15 constituencies demand including Gorkha-2 for its chief leader Baburam Bhattarai by UML & maoists. (link)

2017 Oct 12: Devnarayan Yadav (aka border protector) and Meghraj Nepali Nishadh has entered UML. Nepali is the president of Madhesh samata party and only member of parliament from this party which is now said to be dissolved into UML. (link)

2017 Oct 11: CPN Maoist Center and CPN United (Samyukta) have announced the unification. United has 3 members in the parliament. (link)

2017 Oct 6: Two major parties in "State no-2" SS Forum & RJP have decided to form an alliance and run the election jointly. These two parties are also in "Democratic Alliance". (link)

2017 Oct 4: Nepali Congress has initiated to form "Democratic Alliance" of 6 parties countering "Left Alliance" formed yesterday. Other 5 parties are SS Forum, NL Forum, RJP, RPP & RPP-Democratic. 6 parties combined has 301(>50%) seats in the parliament and recently won 343 chiefs (~ 46%) in 744 local levels. (linklinklink). Three parties NC, SS Forum & RJP combined has absolute presence in state no 2 whereas in rest of states UML & Maoist combined overpower all other parties combined.

2017 Oct 3: Two major leftist parties in Nepal CPN UML & CPN Maoist Center and its splinter group Naya Shakti Nepal agreed to unite after the election also running the election jointly. They aim for 2/3 majority in the coming federal and provincial election of Nov 26 & Dec 7. Three parties currently have 283 seats (~ 44%) in 601 seat parliament and 401 (~ 54%) recently elected chiefs in 744 local levels. Three former prime ministers  KP Oli from UML, Prachanda from Maoist and Baburam Bhattarai from Naya Shakti signed the 6 point agreement for that. (linklinklink)

Left Alliance 2017 

2017 Oct 2: 5 key leaders of RJP from State-5 including member of party president-council Hridayesh Tripathi decided to run coming state & federal election using election symbol "sun" of CPN UML. Other leaders are Brijesh Kumar Gupta, Pashupatidayal Mishra, Ishwordayal Mishra & Jagdish Shukla.

2017 Sep 18: Deuba government grew to total 56 members (PM deuba, 3 vice-PM, 26 cabinet ministers & 26 state ministers). (link) A new government is due to form after coming elections soon.

2017 Sep 18: Local election held in State no 2. voter turnout was 73%.

2017 Sep 11: PM Deuba broke his own record of 1996 for leading largest cabinet in the History of Nepal with 54 ministers.

2017 Aug 20: Constitution amendment bill rejected from the parliament for not reaching required 2/3 votes. Among 592 current total members 347 (58.6%) voted YES and 206 (32.8%) voted No. 39 members did not come for voting. CPN UML (181), recently broken RPP (Kamal Thapa- 19 members) etc voted NO.

2017 Aug 12: flood in terai plains. over 100 killed, thousands displaced. (L)

2017 July 24: Dr Govinda KC launched his 11th fast-unto-death on Monday demanding reforms in Nepal’s medical education sector.

2017 June 28: Second phase of local election held in State 1, 5, 7. Again UML won majority of Local chief followed by NC and Maoist.

2017 June Third week: Seema Subedi got viral for wrong reasons.

2017 June 7: Sher B Dauba elected Prime Minister from Parliament of Nepal by 388-170 votes leading collation government of NC, Maoist, Loktantrik Forum etc.

2nd Prachanda Government(2016 Aug-2017 June) - 10 months 

2017 Apr 30: Chief Justice Shushila Karki suspended after an impeachment motion was signed by more than 249 parliament members. But in May 5, the impeachment motion was blocked by Justice Cholendra Shumsher saying impeachment was against the spirit of Nepal’s Constitution.

2017 Apr 10: Prakash Aryal became Chief of Nepal Police.

2017 May 28: 1st Phase of Local Election held in States 3, 4 & 6. UML won majority of Local chief followed by NC and Maoist.

2017 Apr 20, 2017 : Six madhesh centric parties joint each other to form a new madhesh centric party named "Rastriya Janata Party". The six old parties are Mahantha Thakur-led Tarai Madhes Loktantrik Party, Rajendra Mahato-led Sadbhawana Party, Sharat Singh Bhandari-led Rastriya Madhes Samajbadi Party, Mahendra Yadav-led Tarai Madhes Sadbhawana Party, Rajkishor Yadav-led Madhesi Janadhikar Forum- Ganatantrik and Anil Jha-led Nepal Sadbhawana Party. Later Party name changed to "Rastriya Janata Party, Nepal" as there was already another party named "Rastriya Janata party" registered with Election Commission.

2017 Feb 14: Singha Bahadur Sharestha became Chief of Armed Police Force.

2016 Nov (1st week): Kushum Shrestha aka Tarkariwali became viral in social media.

2016 Oct 20: Chief Commissioner of anti corruption Agency Lokman Singh Karki suspended after 157 members of parliament brought the impeachment motion. (li)

2016 Aug 4: CPN Maoist leader Prachanda became Prime Minister leading collation government of CPN Maoist, Nepali Congress and RPP. Madheshi front also supported the new government. Prachanda resigned and replaced by NC leader Sher Bahadur Deuba on June 7, 2017 as per the agreement between NC and Maoist.

1st KP Oli Government (2015 Oct-2016 Aug) - 10 months

2016 May 19: 10 maoist parties and groups of Nepal including the largest maoist party UCPN-Maoist have been merged together to form a new party CPN-Maoist Centre.

2016 Apr 22: "Federal Front" of 27 political parties including Madheshi parties announced the new agitation from Apr 27.

2016 Mar 20-28: PM KP Oli visited China and met Chinese President Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang.

2016 Mar 3: Nepali Congress 13th general convention started. Sher B Deuba became new president defeating Ramchandra Paudel by 1,822-1,296 votes.

2016 Feb 19-20 : Nepali PM KP Oli visited India after the blockade and met Indian PM Modi.

2016 Feb 10: Ex PM Shushil Koirala died in Kathmandu.

2016 Feb 8: Madheshi front "officially" decided to take back its "border point blockade" program. They had started blockade about 4 and half months ago in Sep 24, 2015 but it has got effect-less in last 2/3 weeks as India has loosed the blockade in Indian side.

2016 Feb 5: Local residents and Indian business owners have cleared the border blockade done by Madheshi front. They burnt down the tent of protesters and removed the barriers.

2016 Jan 24 : India welcomed the first amendment of new Nepali Constitution. Border blockage has started to loosen.

2016 Jan 23: Parliament passed first constitution amendment bill by 2/3 majority.

2015 Dec 25: Nepal and China had 8-point agreement for long term trade of Petroleum & Gasoline products. Nepali vice PM and foreign minister Kamal Thapa and Chinese foreign minister Wang Yi had made this agreement in Beijing today.

2015 Dec 20: 1 madheshi protester killed in gaur.

2015 Dec 16: President Bidhya Bhandari paid her visit to Ramjanaki Mandir in core madhesh-Janakpur today. People protested outside the temple today too and 12 police are said to be wounded.

2015 Dec 7 : Indian upper house 'Rajya Sabha' has discussed about Nepal. Several MPs criticized the blockade. 

2015 Dec 6: Madheshi leaders met Indian foreign minister Sushma Swaraj, JDU president Sharad Yadav, Indian Congress leader Karan Singh and Nationalist Congress general secretory DP Tripathi in Delhi.

2015 Dec 3: Indian parliament has discussed about Nepal issue. Indian foreign minister Sushma Swaraj proposed to send a all-party delegation to Nepal.

2015 Dec 2: Foreign minister Kamal Thapa has met Indian foreign minister Susma Swaraj today. Thapa is in 3 days visit to India.

2015 Nov/Dec: Nepali diaspora around the globe protested against Indian blockade in Nepal.

2015 Nov 22: 1 killed in Madheshi protest in Saptari.

2015 Nov 21: 2 killed in Madheshi protest in Saptari.

2015 Nov 20: Nepali protested 5 cities of Australia (Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Darbin and Adilade) against the Indian blockade.  Also protested in front of Indian consulate in Hong kong.

2015 Nov 19: Bangladesh is said to be ready to sell petroleum product to Nepal except the natural gas. NOC said they are starting homework for MOU and commerce agreement soon.

2015 Nov 12: Nepalis has protested in London against the visiting Indian PM Narendra Modi. Modi and UK Prime minister David Cameroon had issued a joint press release earlier today indirectly implying that UK has support on the Indian stand in Nepal issue.

2015 Nov 11: UN Secretory general Ban Ki Moon has expressed his sorrow about the blockade in the Indo-Nepal border in the meeting with former PM Sushil Koirala in New York.

2015 Nov 10: United Nations requested all concerned parties to remove the blockade in Indo-Nepal border as a landlocked country Nepal has fundamental right to get free access to the sea.

2015 Nov 5 : Nepal and China has made an agreement to open 7 new border points and 2 dry ports. 2 border points Tatopani and Rasuwagadhi are already in use. The new 7 points are Olanchunggola (Taplejung), Kimanthaka (Sankhuwasabha),  Lamabagar (Dolakha), Larke (Gorkha), Mugu district and Yari (Humla). Dry port in Larcha (Sindhuplanchowk) is under construction where as new one will be constructed in Timure (Rasuwa).

2015 Nov 4: Nepal raised "the issue of Indian blockade" in international forum- a meeting of universal periodic review about Nepal in Jeneva. India raised the issue of violence in Nepal during maoist's civil war,  violence, extra-judicial killings and ethnic discrimination to pressurise Nepal.

2015 Nov 3 :China has said Nepal's matter should be solved without outside interference.

2015 Nov 2: An Indian citizen was killed during Madheshi protest.

2015 Oct 28: UML leader Bidhya Devi Bhandari elected as the President of Nepal. Among total 597 MPs 549 voted except protesting Madheshi parties. Bhandari got 327 votes whereas defeated candidate from Nepali Congress Kulbahadur Gurung got 214 votes.

2015 Oct 16: Maoist leader Onsari Gharti unanimously elected as the Speaker of the parliament. Indian blockade continued.

2015 Oct 11: CPN UML leader Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli became Prime Minister leading UML-Maoist collation governement. Out of total 587 votes Oli got 338 votes. Another candidate current PM Sushil Koirala got only 249 votes. Nepali congress and madheshi front voted Koirala.

Shushil Koirala Governement  (2014 Feb-2015 Oct) - 1 year 8 months

2015 Oct 2:  On the first meeting of transformed parliament today Prime Minister Sushil koirala has announced to resign from his post to give the way for new government. 

2015 Sep 27: Continued Indian blockade increased the scarcity of petroleum and LPG gas in Nepal. People protested in front of Indian embassy in Nepal. Madheshi protesters have continued to protest from Indian side of border. Indian police and public are openly supporting the protest.

2015 Sep 26: Influential leader of CPN Maoist Baburam Bhattarai left the party.

2015 Sep 24: India has started blocking the open Indo-Nepal border to pressurize Nepal through control of supply. Agitating Madheshi front followed footstep of India.

Unofficial Indian blockade in Nepal (2015-2016) - 5 months     ↑

2015 Sep 22: Hashtag #BackOffIndia has made the worldwide trend in twitter today. Nepali people are furious about Indian intervention in Nepal. India is angry that Nepal democratically issued the constitution and rejected the Indian advice.

2015 Sep 21,22,23: various countries in the world including China, Japan, Pakistan, UK, EU, Switzerland, Norway,  United States, Germany, France, Russia welcomed the new constitution. India said they just "noted" that new constitution as proclaimed in Nepal in Sep 21.

2015 Sep 20: President Dr. Ram Baran Yadav promulgated the Constitution of Nepal in the last meeting of Constituent Assembly today. China, Japan, Pakistan, UK, EU, Switzerland, Norway United States, Germany, France and Russia welcomed the new constitution within some days. India did not welcome the constitution.

2015 Sep 18: Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi send S. Jayasankar as the special envoy to Nepal to delay proclamation of the constitution, but the advice was rejected by major parties.

2015 Sep 16: Nepal's Constitution 2072 B.S. is endorsed by the constituent assembly meeting by 2/3 majority today. Out of total 598 current CA members 507 voted for YES (84.78%), 25 Voted No and 66 were absent. 25 CA members who voted against the constitution were the leaders of RPP-Nepal, a hindu royalist party.

2015 Sep 15: 4 protesters killed in Rupendehi districts during madheshi protest.

2015 Sep 11: 3 protesters killed in Janakpur, 2 in Jaleshwor during madheshi protest today. 1 Police officer killed by protesters in Mahhotari district.

2015 Sep 9: 4 killed in Jaleshwor city in Madheshi protest.

2015 Sep 1: Eastern region also started protesting. 5 protesters killed in Bara, Parsa districts today in the protest of Madheshi front.

2015 Aug 24 - Sep 6: Dr Govinda KC sat on sixth hunger strike protesting the government being heavily influenced by unscrupulous politicians and merchants with wrong intention tried with all means to let the medical colleges go unregulated.

2015 Aug 24: 8 police officers from Nepal police and APF, one child and 3 protesters killed in Kailali district in a violent protest organized by Tharuhat/ Tharuwan united front. National Security Council in Kathmandu decided to deploy the army in Kailali, Sarlahi and Rautahat districts.

2015 Aug 20: Police killed infamous gangster Kumar Shrestha aka Ghaite. Last year in Aug 6, Police had killed another gangster Dinesh Adhikari aka Chari.

2015 Aug 21: After several protests in two weeks 3 major political parties (Congress, UML & Maoist) now agree on a new 7 states model. 4th party from earlier agreement (Forum-democratic) opposed the agreement. Main protest now going on are demanding state for Tharuhat Pradesh (from Nawalparasi to Kanchanpur excluding hill districts), Akhanda Sudur-paschim (undivided far-west region), Karnali pradesh (including present Karnali zone). Other smaller protests are for Akhanda Madhya-paschim (undivided mid-west region), Akhanda(undivided) Baglung district  etc.

2015 Madhesh and Tharuhat movement     ↑

2015 Aug 11: General Rajendra Chhettri became Chief of Nepal army - COAS

2015 Aug 8: Four major political parties (Congress, UML, Maoist and Forum-Democratic) agree on a new 6 states model. All new 6 states will have boundary with India. 4 states (except 2 Lumbini & Madhesh) will have boundary with China as well.

2015 June 30: Chairman of constitution draft committee Krishna Prasad Sitaula presented the draft of the constitution in the CA.

2015 June : Madheshi Janadhaikar Forum-Nepal led by Upndra Yadav, the Federal Socialist Party Nepal (FSPN) led by Ashok Rai and the Khas Samabeshi Party merged to form Sanghiya Samajbadi Forum. Its now 5th largest party in the parliament. (L) MJF and FSPN has 10 and 5 CA members.

2015 June 9 : 16-points agreement between four major political parties (Congress, UML, Maoist and Forum-Democratic). They also agreed on 8 state model. But boundaries are not yet finalized. Maoist led 30-party alliance split.

New Political order after Earthquake     ↑

2015 May 12 : another earthquake of 7.3 magnitude hit Nepal.

2015 May first week: #GoHomeIndianMedia got viral /trend in social media.

2015 Apr 26: Indian and Chinese rescue mission arrived in Nepal. 

2015 Apr 25: 7.8 magnitude earthquake hit Nepal ultimately killing more the 9,000 people

Earthquake in Nepal 2015     ↑

2015 Apr 15: Ex. PM and veteran RPP leader Surya Bahadur Thapa died at the age of 87.

2015 Apr 7: general strike by 30-party mocha has effect in Nepal including capital Kathmandu.

2015 Mar 15: CPN Maoist leaders Prachanda, Baburam Bhattarai, Narayankaji Shrestha, Krishna B Mahara had meeting with broke away party CPN-Maoist leaders Mohan Baidhya Kiran, Ram Bahadur Thapa Badal and Dev gurung to discuss about possible prosecution of war crime.(link)

2015 Feb 28: 30-party morcha led by CPN Maoist demonstrated in Kathmandu. 30 parties include 19 parties in Constituent Assembly and 11 parties out of CA.

2015 Feb 26: Supreme Court of Nepal ruled that pardon can not be offered to serious criminal offense happened during 10-year long civil war and should be treated under regular criminal law. (link)

2015 Jan 22: (Magh 8, 2071 BS) First deadline of new constitution after the election of 2nd Constituent Assembly expired. 

2015 Jan 19: Maoists broke chairs in the Constituent Assembly. Maoist member Umesh Yadav came in news. 30-party alliance led by Maoist and Madheshi front is agitating against the government since months.

2014 Dec 22: 30 Party Alliance of CPN Maoist & Madheshi morcha - CPN moist, madheshi morcha formed 30-party morcha which consists 19 parties having at least 1 member in Constituent assembly.

2014 Nov 26/27: 18th SAARC summit held in Kathmandu. PM Shushil Koirala represented Nepal. Afghan President Ashraf Ghani, Bangladeshi PM Sheikh Hasina, Bhutanese PM Tshering Tobgay, Indian PM Narendra Modi, Maldivian President Abdulla Yameen, Pakistani PM Nawaz Sharif and Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa arrived Nepal for summit.

2014 Aug 6: Police shot dead infamous gangster Dinesh Adhikari aka Chari, the bird.

2014 Aug 3/4 : Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited Nepal for the first time after becoming PM.

2014 Feb 11: Nepali Congress leader Sushil Koirala became Prime Minister. Koirala secured 405 votes in favor and 148 votes were cast against him.  Of the 571 lawmakers, 553 were present during the election. Koirala is supported by his party NC (196), and CPN UML (175) and other small parties like Rastriya Prajantra Party (13), CPN-ML (5), Nepal Majdoor Kishan Party (4), Rastriya Janamorcha (3), CPN-United (3), Pariwar Dal (2), Samajvadi Janata Party (1). But 20 political parties including the UCPN (Maoist) voted against Koirala.

(Cheif Justice) Khil Raj Regmi gov (2013 Mar-2014 Feb)- 11 months (for ELECTION)

2014 Jan 21: first meeting of the second CA. Leaders from NC, CPN-UML and UCPN (Maoist) pledged to draft the constitution within a year.

2013 Nov 19: Second constituent Assembly Election. Record 78.34% voters casted their vote. Total 30 parties won at-least one seat in 601 seat CA. 2 independent candidates also won the seat. Nepali Congress became largest party with 196 seats followed by CPN UML 175 and CPN Maoist 80. Top 3 parties secured over 75% of seats in the CA.

2013 Nov: Upendra Kanta Aryal became Chief of Nepal Police.

2013 Mar 14: Supreme Court Chief Justice Khil Raj Regmi became Head of Ministerial Council (equivalent to Prime Minister).

Baburam Bhattarai Government (Maoist) (2011 Aug- 2013 Mar) - 1 year 6 months

2012 Sep 9: Lt. General Gaurav Shamsher JBR became the chief of Nepal Army. COAS

2012 Sep 6: US delisted CPN Maoist from terrorist list.

2012 Sep: Kuber Sing Rana became Chief of Nepal Police.

2012 May 27: Prime Minister Bhattarai announced that the Constituent Assembly was dissolved. He said he would remain in power and hold elections for a legislative body in November, a step that was criticized by other leaders as a power grab.

2012 May 24:  Supreme Court ordered the government to finish a draft of the new constitution by May 27, denying a request from the government for a three-month extension.

2011 Nov 25: Supreme court ruled that only 6 months more time may be added for this constitution assembly. CA election was held in April 10, 2008 and its first meeting was in May 28. It was provisioned the the constitution should be written within 2 years i.e. May 28, 2010 (Jeth 14 2067 BS). Since then three other new dateline were given 1 year (May 28 2011/ Jeth 14 2068 BS), 3 months (Aug 31, 2011 / 2068 Bhadau 14), another 3 months (Nov 30, 2011 /2068 Mangsir 14).

2011 Nov 10-11: 17th SAARC summit held in Maldives. PM represented Nepal.

2011 Aug 29: CPN Maoist leader Baburam Bhattarai became Prime Minister.

Jhal Nath Khanal Government (UML) (2011 Feb- 2011 Aug) - 6 months

2011 June: Rabindra Pratap Sah became Chief of Nepal Police.

2011 Mar 4: Ex PM & NC leader Krishna Prasad Bhattarai died.

2011 Feb 6: CPN UML leader Jhal Nath Khanal became Prime Minister. He got 368 votes in the 601-member parliament whereas other candidates Ram Chandra Poudel (NC) got 122 and Bijay Kumar Gachhedar MJF (Democratic) got 67 votes.

Madhav K Nepal Government (UML) (2009 May- 2011 Feb) 1 year 9 months

2011 Feb 3: after 16-time unsuccessful attempt, CPN Maoist decided to back their PM candidate Prachanda and support CPN UML leader Jhal Nath Khanal for PM.

2011 Jan 15: United Missions in Nepal (UNMIN) ceased its monitoring operation in Nepal.

2010 Sep 17-21: Nepali Congress 12th Nation convention held. Suhil Koirala defeated Sher B Dauba for president by 1652-1317 votes. Mahamantri Prakashman Singh, Kosadhakshya Chitralekha Yadav,

2010 Aug 6: CPN-ML split over prime ministerial election under the leadership of Jagat Bahagur Bogati with four members of CA from CPN-ML Ganesh Chaudhary, Sharada Nepali, Tilak Bahadur Thapa Magar and Yadu Bansha Jha. New party decided to vote for Prachanda. New party registered in the election commission as CPN ML-Samajbadi in 2011 Apr 26.

2010 July 21- 2010 Nov 4: *16 times PM election. Prachanda vs Ram Chandra Paudel.

2010 June 30: PM Nepal resigned form the post. He will continue to act as PM until next one will be elected.

2010 Apr 28-29: 16th SAARC summit held in Bhutan. PM MK Nepal represented Nepal.

2010 Mar 20: Ex PM & NC Leader Girija Prasad Koirala died.

2009 Sep 9: Gen Chhatraman Singh Gurung became of Chief of Nepal Army. COAS

2009 May 25: CPN UML leader Madhab Kumar Nepal became Prime Minister leading 22 party collation government.

1st Prachanda Government (Maoist) (2008-2009) - 9 months

2009 May 4: Prachanda resigned from the post of Prime Minister after his order was opposed by President.

2009 May 3: Prime Minister Prachanda fired Chief of Army Staff Rukmangad Katuwal for disobeying instructions not to hire new recruits. But at late night President Rambaran Yadav overruled the order of Prime Minister.

2009 Feb 16-25: CPN UML 8th general convention held. Out of 1,820 delegates, 1,793 had voted to form new central committee.  Jhala Nath Khanal was elected as party chairman. Bam Dev Gautam, Ashok Rai and Bidhya Bhandari have been elected vice-presidents of the party. Ishwor Pokhrel has been elected general secretary. Similarly, Bishnu Poudel, Shankar Pokhrel, and Yubaraj Gyawali have won the seats of secretary. (Li)

2009 Feb: Ramesh Chand Thakuri became chief of Nepal Police.

2009 Jan: Indian priests in Pashupatinath Temple forced to resign from the post. Prachanda government picked Nepali priests in that post, which was protested by both remaining priests and hindus in and out of Nepal.

2008 Sep 12: Nanda Kishor Pun (Pasang) became new chief of PLA

2008 Sep: Hem Bahadur Gurung became Chief of Nepal Police.

2008 Aug 18: CPN Maoist leader Prachanda became Prime Minister. Elected from CA (Aug 15).  CA Election was held in 2008 Apr where CPN Maoist got majority.

4th Girija Prasad Koirala Government (2006 Apr-2008 Aug) - 2 year 4 months

2008 Aug 1-3: 15th SAARC summit held in Sri Lanka. PM Girija P Koirala represented Nepal.

2008 July 21: The Constituent Assembly elected Dr Ram Baran Yadav as the First President of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.

Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal   

2008 June 11: Former King Gyanendra left his official residence Narayanhiti Royal Palace.

2008 May 28: Constituent Assembly (CA) meeting voted to abolish Monarchy. 560 out of 564 CA members voted against the monarchy.

2008 Apr 10: First Constituent Assembly Election held. CPN Maoist became largest party with 229 seats among total 601 followed by Nepali Congress 115 and CPN UML 108.

2008 Feb 28 : 8-point agreement (८ बुँदे सहमति)  between Government and agitating "Samyukta Loktantrik Madheshi Morcha" including MJF, TMLP, Sadbhawana Party (Agreed on Nepal to be Federal democratic republic and there will be autonomous Madhesh state).

2007 Dec 30: Maoists rejoined Girija p Koirala government

2007 Dec 28: Interim Parliament voted to abolish Nepal's MonarchyOut of 321 members, 270 voted for the abolition of the monarchy and 3 voted against. The rest were absent or abstained.

2007 Sep 25: Nepali Congress and its spilinter Nepali Congress (Democratic) got united.

2007 Dec 24: Seven-Party Alliance and Maoists reached 23-point agreement to abolish the monarchy.

2007 Sep 18: Maoists quit the interim government and launched the first phase of their so called "street revolt", and threatened  to boycott the Nov 22 elections.

2007 Aug 30: 22-point agreement between government and MJF

2007 June 13: Electoral bills passed. Elections announced for Nov. 22, 2007.

2007 Apr 3-4: 14th SAARC summit held in India. PM Koirala represented Nepal.

2007 Apr 2 : Maoists joined the interim government of Girija Prasad Koirala.

2007 Mar 21: Gaur carnage: 27 people killed in violent clash between MJF and Maoist's Madheshi Rastriya Mukti Morcha in Gaur, Hajmaniya and Mudhbaliya area.

2007 Jan 23: United Nations established United Missions in Nepal (UNMIN) to monitor the disarmament of Maoist rebels and the preparations for Constituent Assembly elections in 2007 by the request of both parties Nepal Government and Maoists. Ian Martin was the first head of UNMIN.

2007 Jan 16 : Madhesh uprising started led by Madheshi Janadhikar Forum (MJF).

2007 Jan 15:  Pratinidhi Sabha, the legislature of Nepal, dissolved. Last meeting of the parliament promulgated "Interim Constitution of Nepal, 2007" which provisioned the outgoing parliament be replaced by a new "Interim legislature" of 330 members as agreed between Seven parties alliance and CPN Maoist. Among them 209 from Seven party alliance and parties in former parliament, 83 from CPN Maoist, and 48 from civil society. (48 later distributed 10 each for NC, CPN-UML & CPN-Maoist, 6 to NC Democratic, and 3 each to NSP Anandidevi, NWPP, Janamorcha & United Left front as decided in Jan 11, 2007)

2006 Nov 21: "Comprehensive Peace Accord" (view in pdf) signed by government (PM Koirala) and CPN Maoist (party president Prachanda) officially ending decade long civil war.

2006 Sep 22: parliament passed a new law imposing tighter civilian control over the army which was considered loyal to the nation's royal family.

2006 Sep 9:  Lt General Rukmangat Katuwal became Chief (COAS) of Nepal Army.

2006 Sep: Om Bikram Rana became Chief (IGP) of Nepal Police.

2006 Aug 9: Government and Maoists wrote separate letters to UN asking for assistance.

2006 Jun 16: Maoist supremo Prachanda became public in Kathmandu.

2006 Jun 10: Parliament stripped King Gyanendra of his veto power over the legislature, parliament now need no approval of the king before signing a bill into law.

2006 May 18: Parliament reduced the powers of the king, calling for him to be stripped of his legal immunity, authority over the army and exemption from paying taxes and also declared Nepal a secular state, ending its unique status as the world's only Hindu nation. Nepali press/people welcomed this as "magna carta" of Nepal.

2006 May 11: government released key maoist leaders Matrika Yadhav and Suresh Ale Magar, dropped murder charges against them, marking the administration's first major release of militants.

2006 May 3: Cabinet declared a cease-fire with maoists and remove the "terrorist" label form them.

2006 Apr 28: Parliament re-convened after four years, legislators proposed a cease-fire with Maoist rebels and elections for a constitutional assembly.

2006 Apr 25: Nepali congress leader Girija P Koirala appointed as the Prime Minister (4th).

Direct Rule by the King Gyanendra (2005 Feb -2006 Apr)

2006 Apr 24 (BS 2063 Baisakh 11): King Gyanendra reinstated disbanded parliament through message on national television shortly before midnight. (see on youtube).
2006 Apr 21: after weeks of massive protests and increasing international pressure King Gyanendra called on the seven main political parties to name a prime minister as soon as possible and vowed to return power to the people but people's movement continued. (see on youtube)
2006 Apr 19: Indian PM Manmohan Singh sent Karan Singh as his special envoy to Nepal.
(watch on youtube: Link1Link2Link3)
2006 Apr 6: First day of general strike demanding the king to restore democracy.
19-days people's movement (2006 Apr 6-24)   

2006 Feb 13: controversial anti-corruption body set up by King Gyanendra was dissolved, paving the way for the release of jailed ousted PM Sher Bahadur Deuba.

2006 Mar 13: Royal government offered amnesty, cash, jobs and land to communist rebels who surrender in the next three months. Some surrendered.

2006 Feb 8: King Gyanendra held local election in 58 municipalities. All major political parties of that time NC, UML, NC-Democratic, Rastriya Janamorcha etc boycotted this election. This election declared invalid after successful 19-days people's movement.

2006 Feb 1: King Gyanendra pledged to hold national elections within 15 months, on the occasion of one-year anniversary of his direct rule.

2005 Nov 22: 12-points agreement was signed in Delhi, India between "Seven Party alliance- SPA" and CPN-Maoist which facilitated 2nd Democracy movement in Nepal. 

2005 Nov 12-13: 13th SAARC summit held in Bangladesh. As the direct ruler King Gyanendra himself represented Nepal.

2005 Sep/ Oct: Maoist's Central Committee meeting held at Chunwang in Rukum aka "Chunwang Baithak" adopted democratic republic as new policy instead of single party people's republic.

2005 Aug 30: 11th general convention of Nepali congress party started in Lalitpur. (li)  Convention passed a resolution to remove constitutional monarchy from the party statute.

2005 July: Former PM Sher B Deuba sentenced to two years in prison for corruption charge. Released on February 13, 2006, after the anti-corruption body that sentenced him was outlawed.

2005 Jun 29: US suspended a shipment of M-16 rifles to Nepal to protest at King Gyanendra's takeover in February.

2005 May - 2006 Apr: Seven party alliance made several protests. (li) (li) (li)

2005 May 8: Seven mainstream political parties agreed to form a united front to fight for a return of democracy. Maoist rebels supported the decision. 7 parties are Nepali Congress, CPN-UML, Nepali Congress (Democratic), Janamorcha Nepal, Nepal Workers and Peasant Party, Nepal Sadbhavana Party and United Left Front. Seven Parties had 194 seats (95%) in 205 seat disbanded parliament.

Seven Party Alliance,  12 Point Agreement, 2nd People's Movement  & End of Monarchy   

2005 Apr 30: King Gyanendra lifted a state of emergency.

2005 Apr 14: King Gyanendra said he was ordering municipal polls to be held by mid-April 2006. Opposition parties dismissed the king's pledge and urged a boycott of the municipal polls.

2005 Feb 17: King Gyanendra set up a controversial anti-corruption body.

2005 Feb 1 (BS 2061 Magh 19): King Gyanendra again abolished the Deuba government, imposed state of emergency. Next day he fromed a new 10-member cabinet.

3rd Sher Bahadur Deuba Gov (2004 June -2005 Feb) (appointed by King Gyanendra)

2004 Dec 26: earthquake and tsunami in indian ocean killing over 2,30,000 people and badly affected Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Thailand, Maldives, Malaysia and reached as far as african countries like Madagascar, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania and South Africa.

2004 Sep 8: spice Nepal granted license to operate first private phone service in Nepal. later they operated popular brand Mero-Mobile / NCell.

2004 Aug 21: 12 Nepali killed in Iraq by terrorist.

2004 July 5: CPN UML joined 4 party cabinet led by deuba saying "regression half corrected / pratigaman aadha sachhiyo". Cabinet: NC-D 12, UML 11, NSP 1, RPP 5, 2 from the King: total 31.

2004 Jun 3: King appointed Sher B Deuba as Prime Minister. From 2002 Sep to 2007 Sep, Deuba was the president of Nepali Congress (Democratic), a split of NC.

5th Surya Bahadur Thapa Gov  (2003 Jun - 2004 Jun) (appointed by King Gyanendra)

2004 May 7: PM Thapa resigned after massive protest of 5 party alliance. 

2004 Apr: Nepal joined World Trade Organization (WTO).

2004 Mar 30: Nepali maoist leader Mohan Baidhya 'Kiran' arrested from Siliguri, India. (li)

2004 Jan 4-6: 12th SAARC summit held in Pakistan. PM Surya B Thapa represented Nepal.

2003 Nov 20: CPN UML leader Madhav Kumar Nepal meets CPN Maoist leaders in Lucknow, Utter Pradesh, India.

2003 Nov: Government initiated the concept of "Unified Command" to effectively mobilize all three security forces of Nepal under the command of Nepal Army to counter maoist. Ended July 2006.

2003 Sep 10: Pyar Jung Thapa became Chief of Nepal Army. COAS

2003 Jun 5: King appointed Surya B Thapa as Prime Minister.

4th Lokendra Bahadur Chand Gov (2002 Oct - 2003 June) (appointed by King Gyanendra) 

2003 Apr/ May: Peace talk between Government and maoist held.

2003 Feb 1-6: 7th Convention of CPN UML held in Janakpur.  The post of party chairman which was vacant after the death of Man Mohan Adhikari was abolished. Madhav Kumar Nepal was elected as general secretary.

2003 Jan 25: Maoists killed APF chief Krishna Mohan Shrestha (Civil war detailed timeline)

2002 Dec: Shyam Bhakta Thapa became Chief of Nepal Police.

2002 Oct 11: King appointed Lokendra B Chand as Prime minister.

King Gyanendra sacked deuba in 2002
2002 Oct 4 (BS 2059 Ashoj 18 Fri): King Gyanendra abolished Deuba government for being incapable, and put advertisement for new PM. Many people applied for the post of PM in Royal Palace. Political parites took the action as regression (प्रतिगमन) of history.

2nd Sher B Deuba Government (2001 Jul - 2002 Oct)

2002 Sep 22: Nepali Congress party split. PM Deuba formed his own party name Nepali Congress (Democratic).

2002 May 22 (BS 2059 Jeth 8): Due to disagreement over a proposed extension of emergency, King dissolved the House of Representative and ordered elections by the advice of Cabinet.

2002 Feb 21 : Parliament extended state of emergence three more months.

2002 Feb 16: CPN UML and CPN ML united again. These two parties were split in 1998.

2002 Jan 4-6: Nepal hosted 11th SAARC summit. PM Deuba represented Nepal.

2001 Nov 26: State of emergency was declared as the death toll from recent Maoist rebels attacks mounted. Government mobilized Nepal Army to counter Maoist rebels.

2001 Oct 26: King Gyanendra declared Prince Paras as the Crown Prince making him next man in the line of succession.

2001 Oct 24: Government formed a new paramilitary force "Armed Police Force" to fight with Maoists.

2001 Sep 11: Terrorist attack in the twin tower of New York, USA.

2001 July 26: Nepali Congress leader Sher B Deuba appointed as Prime Minister (2nd).

3rd Girija Prasad Koirala Government (2000 Mar - 2001 Jul)

2001 July: PM GP Koirala resigned.

2001 June 14: High level investigation committee (including then Chief Justice Keshab Prasad Upadhaya & Speaker of the house Taranath Ranabhat) confirmed that Dipendra was the killer.

2001 June 4 : Prince Gyanendra (brother of Birendra) appointed as the King of Nepal after the death of King Dipendra in 3 days.

2001 June 2 : Crown Prince Dipendra appointed as the King of Nepal while in coma.

2001 June 1 9PM: Royal Massacre occurred in Narayanhati Royal Palace killing 10 members of Royal family including the King Birendra, Queen Aishwarya, Crown Prince Dipendra (died after 3 days), Prince Nirajan, Princess Shruti.

Royal Massacre of 2001   

2001 Feb 26: King Birendra visited China.

2001 Feb 23: opposition disrupted the house on "GP Koirala Lauda air case" for a month.

2001 Jan 22: First Armed Police Force (APF) ordinance issued to create a new paramilitary force by Government to deal with maoists.

2001 Jan 4: PM Girija p Koiriala survived no-confidence motion within his party 69-44.

2001: Maoist founded People's Liberation Army (PLA), Prachanda as chief

2000 Dec 26: rioting began over rumor of Bollywood actor Hritik Roshan.

2000 Aug 6: Musician and Singer Prabin Gurung killed in the road accident by the Jeep allegedly driven by Prince Paras.

2000 Mar 22: Nepali Congress leader Girija Prasad Koirala appointed as the Prime Minister (3rd).

2nd Krishna Prasad Bhattarai Gov  (1999 May - 2000 Mar) 10 months (Elected this time)

2000 Mar 16: following the second motion of no-confidence by 69 members house of representative from Nepali congress, PM Bhattarai resigned before voting.

2000 Feb 16: almost half of Nepali Congress leaders at House of representative signed a motion of no confidence to its own party government.

2000 Jan 12: Government formed 6 member committee led by former PM Deuba to solve the maoist problem.

1999 Sep: Pradip Shamsher JBR became Chief of Nepal Police.

1999 May 31: Nepali Congress leader Krishna Prasad Bhattarai appointed as Prime Minister.

2nd Girija Pradas Koirala Government (1998 Apr -1999 May) 1 year 1 month

1999 May 19: Prajjwal Shamsher JBR became Chief of Nepal Army. COAS.

1999 May 3 & May 17: General election held. Nepali congress got majority 111 seats among total 205 followed by CPN UML 71 and RPP (Thapa) 11.

1999 General Election   

1999 Apr 26: Ex.PM & UML leader Manmohan Adhikari died during election campaign.

1998 Dec 24: Current PM Koirala continued as Prime Minister in the new government as his party Nepali Congress got together with CPN UML and NSP to form a collation government .

1998 July 29-31: 10th SAARC summit held in Sri Lanka. PM Grija P Koirala represented Nepal.

1998: Koirala government launched "Kilo sera 2" police operation to tackle maoists.

1998 June 29: RPP member of parliament Mirza Dilsad Beg murdered in Kathmandu.

1998 Apr 15: Nepali Congress leader Girija Prasad Koirala appointed as Prime Minister as a minority government.

4th Shurya Bahadur Thapa Government (1997 Oct-1998 Apr) 6 months (1st in Democracy)

1998 Mar 5: CPN UML split on Mahakali Treaty issue. CP Mainali, Sahana Pradhan, Bamdev Gautam registered a new party named CPN ML.

1998 Feb : Thapa government survived no-confidence.

1998 Jan 25-31: 6th general convention of CPN UML held in Nepalgunj. Manmohan Adhikari elected as President and Madhab Nepal elected as General Secretory.

1997 Oct 7: RPP leader Shurya Bahadur Thapa appointed as the Prime Minister leading the collation government with Nepali Congress.

3rd Lokendra Bahadur Chand Government(1997) (1st in Democracy)

1997 Oct 4: Chand government lost on no-confidence major raised by Nepali Congress by 94 against 107 among total 205. Some of his won party member voted against Chand. PM Chand resigned from the post and king accepted the resignation. (l)

1997 Sep 18: Veteran NC leader Ganesh Man Singh died at the age of 82.

1997 June 5: Nepal and India ratified Mahakali treaty.

1997 May 17 & 26: Local election held in all  58 municipalities and 3,913 VDCs. UML won majority of local levels with 52.18% popular vote where as NC got limited to 29.83% vote.

1997 May 12-14: 9th SAARC summit held in Maldives. PM Chand represented Nepal.

1997 March 12: RPP leader Lokendra Bahadur Chand appointed as Prime minister leading the collation government of CPN UML, RPP & NSP.

1st Sher B Deuba Government (1995 Sep - 1997 Mar) 1 year 6 months

1997 March 6: Deuba government lost on no-confidence. PM Sher B Deuba resigned.

1996 Dec 24: Deuba government narrowly survived no-confidence.

1996 Dec: Achyut Krishna Kharel became of Chief of Nepal Police again.

1996 May 17: Deuba government extended to 48 ministers.

1996 May 12: Girija Prasad Koirala elected as the president of Nepali Congress.

1996 March 24: Deuba government survived no-confidence.

1996 Mar: Dhurba Bahadur Pradhan became Chief of Nepal Army.

1996 Feb: Achyut Krishna Kharel became Chief of Nepal Army until March.

1996 Feb 13 (B.S. 2052 Falgun 1): CPN (Maoist) officially launched the Civil War.
(for detail Timeline of Civil war click here)

1996 Feb 12: Mahakali Treaty signed. Nepali PM Sher B Deuba and Indian PM P.V. Narsimha Rao signed the agreement. Nepali parliament passed the treaty by 2/3 majority with the help of Nepali Congress, CPN-UML, Rastriya Prajatantra Party and Nepal Sadbhavana Party in the same year. (link)

1996 Feb 4: Maoists presented 40-point demand to Nepal government and gave the ultimatum of 17 February, 1996 to fulfill that otherwise to they would start armed struggle.

1995 Nov: govt launched police operation code named "operation Romeo" in rolpa district to tackle future maoist insurgency.

1995 Sep 12: Nepali Congress leader Sher Bahadur Deuba appointed as the Prime Minister leading collation government of Nepali Congress, Rastriya Prajatantra Party and Nepal Sadbhawana Party.

Man Mohan Adhikari Government (1994 Nov - 1995 Sep) 9 months

1995 Aug 28 : Supreme Court ruled that the recommendation of Prime Minister Man Mohan Adhikary to dissolve the parliament and new re-election was unconstitutional. (link)

1995 Aug 14: PM Man Mohan Adhikari survived in helicopter accident. (link)

1995 June 15: by the cabinet recommendation King dissolved the parliament and announced for new election.

1995 June 13: Nepali congress tabled no-confidence motion against the government which was supported by Rastriya Prajatantra Party.

1995 May 15: Dharma Palwar Singh Thapa became chief of Nepal Army. COAS.

1995 May 2-4: 8th SAARC summit held in India. Nepal PM Manmohan Adhikari represented Nepal.

1994 Dec 26: Government decided to provide monthly allowance of Rs.100 to age 75 and older. This decision gave wide credit to UML for  years to come.

1994 Nov 30: CPN UML leader Man Mohan Adhikari (मनमोहन अधिकारी) appointed as Prime Minister of the minority government. Madhav Kumar Nepal was deputy pm, foreign and defense minister and KP Oli was home minister in this cabinet.

1st Girija Prasad Koirala Government (1991 May-1994 Nov) 3 years 6 months

1994 Nov 15: Midterm legislative election held. Among total 205 seats CPN UML won 88 seats becoming largest party followed by Nepali Congress 83 and Rastriya Prajantra Party 20.

1994 mid-term election   

1994 July 10: Koirala Government lost on new no-confidence vote despite of being majority party as 36 MPs of NC voted against him. PM Girija Prasad Koirala resigned. House of representative was dissolved next day.

1994 March 7: Koirala government survived no confidence vote at house of representative.

1993 June 29: several days anti government protest, 25 people killed so far.

1993 Apr 10-11: 7th SAARC summit held in Bangladesh. Again PM Koirala represented Nepal.

1993 Mar 16: Madan Bhandari, leader of the influential 'Communist party of Nepal UML', killed in the road accident along with other leader Jeev Raj Ashrit. Only eyewitness of the scene car driver Amar Lama was killed by unidentified gunman in daylight 1:45 pm in Kirtipur in 2003 July 28.

1993 Jan 27-Feb 2: 5th convention of CPN UML, party adopted People's Multi-party Democracy.

1992 May 2: General strike by left wing.

1992 Apr 26-May 31  Local election held in all 36 municipalities and 3,995 VDCs.

1992 Apr 6: General Strike by lef. wing, many shot dead.

1992 Feb: Motilal Bohora became Chief of Nepal Police.

1992 Feb 8: RPP Thapa & RPP Chand merged to form RPP.

1991 Dec 21: 6th SAARC summit held in Sri Lanka. PM Koirala represented Nepal.

1991 Dec : Nepal-India agreed on India's access on Nepali Tanakpur Barrage on Mahakali river.

1991 June 26: Nepali congress won majority seats in Rastriya Sabha (upper house). (Total 60- indirectly elected members 50, nominated by King 10). Members: Madhab Kumar Nepal (UML, leader of opposition),

1991 May 26: Nepali Congress leader Girija Prasad Koirala ( गिरीजाप्रसाद कोइराला) appointed as Prime Minister of majority government. (110 NC/205 Total)

1st Krishna P Bhattarai Government (1990 Apr-1991 May) (Interim, appointed by the King)

1991 May 15: Gadul Shamsher JBR became Chief of Nepal Army. COAS.

1991 May 12: First election after restoration of democracy. Nepali congress won majority (110 out of 205) seats. CPN UML got 69 seats where as future maoist party Samyukta Janamorcha became 3rd party winning 9 seats.

1991 March: CPN (ML) and CPN (Marxist) united to form CPN (UML)

1991 Feb 13-14: Indian PM Chandra Shekher visited Nepal.

1990 Nov 21-23: 5th SAARC summit held in Maldives. Prime minister Bhattarai represented Nepal. Before this summit King used to represent Nepal in international forum.

1990 Nov 9 (B.S. 2047 Mangsir 23): King Birendra promulgated new constitution of Nepal, 1990. (नेपाल अधिराज्यको संविधान, २०४७)

Constitutional Kingdom era 1990-2002   

1990 Sep 10: New drafted constitution was submitted to the king for approval.

1990 June: Ratna Shamsher JBR became Chief of Nepal Police.

1990 June: PM Bhattarai visited India and met Indian PM VP Singh. India removed the blockade.

1990 May 30: 9-membered "Constitutional Recommondation Commission" was formed.

1990 May 7: 14 zonal commissioners (anchaladhish) were removed from the office. This office was deemed to be pro-king and anti democracy.

1990 Apr: India removed the 13 months blockade in Nepal.

1990 Apr 19 : Krishna Prasad Bhattarai from agitating party Nepali Congress became the PM leading the interim government.

Revolution of 1990 / People's Movement 1 (जनआन्दोलन भाग १)

1990 Apr 15: Panchayat System was suspended.
1990 Apr 8: upraising organized by Nepali Congress and Left alliance became successful, King Birendra removed the 30 years ban on political parties.
1990 Apr 6: 50 pro-democracy demonstrators were killed in Kathmandu on a march to Royal Palace.
Lokendra Bahadur Chand as PM (2nd time) [13 days]
1990 Feb 18 (Falgun 7, 2046 B.S.): Nation-wide Movement for Restoration of Democracy was started by Nepali Congress and Left front of seven Communist Parties led by CPN (ML).
1990 Jan : seven communist parties formed a alliance to fight for democracy led by Sahana Pradhan.
1990 Jan 18: Nepali Congress called for a decisive movement for the restoration of democracy and welcomed other parties to join.
1989 Sep: more than 900 nepali congress supporters were arrested.

1989/1990 Indian official blockade of Nepal

1990 June: India removed blockade after 1990 revolution.
1989 Nov: Chinese PM Li Peng visited Nepal. In Kathmandu he said: "all countries, small or big, should be treated equally. Problems and disputes should be handled according to five principles of peaceful co-existence".

1989 Oct 5: Nepali foreign minister Sailendra Kumar Upadhaya raised the issue of blockade in UN without mentioning India.

1989 Apr, May: Nepal bought fuel from China.

1989 March 23: Nepal-India Trade and transit treaty expired. India refused to renew. Since then India officially imposed blockade in Nepal until Apr 1990.

1988 July 22: Indian PM Rajiv Gandhi sent his foreign minister Natwar Singh to Nepal to urge not to purchase weapons again from China. King Birendra refused.

1988 March: Nepal made a deal to purchase Chinese weapons
1987 Dec: India warned Nepal not to purchase antiaircraft gun from China.

See Also:

TimelineCivil War (1996-2006), Madheshi (2007-present),  Constitution (2015),  Rana, transition and Panchayat (1846-1990), Unification(1744-1806) List: members of parliament (1959-2017)


* Many online news ports like: onlinekhabar.com, setopati.com, ratopati.com etc.
* Foreign news sites like: indiatimes.com, hindustantimes.com etc.
* official sites of government of Nepal, Nepal Police, Nepal Army, APF
* official sites of foreign governments.
* A Political Chronology of Central, South and East Asia By Ian Preston
* Self-Determination & Constitution Making in Nepal. By Surendra Bhandari