Timeline of Republic of Nepal (2008 - present)

This timeline covers each and every relevant political events of Nepal since removal of monarchy in 2008 to present. This timeline also covers some non political viral/trends occurred in Nepal to give the idea of the timeframe. (for all timeline before this click here)

2nd KP Oli government (2018 Feb-present)

2018 Aug 1: the illegal Indian Field office in Biratnagar in eastern Nepal closed from today. India had established this 'temporary' office in Sunsari in 2008 Aug 20 without legal permit from Nepal govt after Koshi flood of 2008. Later India transferred to this office Biratnagar. Nepali side had been demanding its removal saying it was used to spy on Nepal and provoke madheshi people.

2018 June 30-Jul 26: the 15th hunger strike of Dr Govinda KC lasted for 27 days. 9 point agreement signed with the government at the end. (li)

2018 June 19-24: PM Oli visited China with 100+ team consisting various ministers. Oli met Chinese president Xi Xinpin and Prime Minister Li Keqiang. China assured to make trans himalayan rail link to Nepal. (li)

2018 Jun 18: terms of 59 members of National Assembly (upper house) decided through lucky draw. Constitution has provisioned the National Assembly to be a continuous institution for which 1/3 members gets replaced in every two years. For that for the first time 2,4 & 6 year term was to be decided by lucky draw for each 1/2 members. (li)

2018 May 17: Chudamani Upreti (Gore), prime suspect of 3,800 kg gold smuggling & murder case, got arrested. (li) Over 30 people including high rank police officers (SSP Dibesh Lohoni, SP Bikash Raj Khanal, DSP Sanjaya Raut etc) are suspect of this case. (li)

2018 May 16: Nepal's two largest communist parties CPN UML and CPN Maoists merged to form Communist Party of Nepal (CPN). The combined CPN has 174 seats (63%) and 53% popular vote in federal parliament. CPN also became the absolute majority party in 6 among 7 state assemblies and became largest party in the state 2 assembly. CPN also holds majority seats among all 753 local levels. The current federal government led by UML leader  KP Oli was formed in 2018 Feb with the alliance of these two parties.

2018 May 15: Climbing Mt Everest 22nd times, Kami Rita Sherpa made a new world record.

2018 May 10-11: Indian PM Modi visited Nepal. He visited Janaki, Pashupatinath & Muktinath temples and also received public honor given by cities of Janakpur, Kathmandu and Muktinath area.

2018 Mar 18: Nepal government decided to reduce the public holidays. Total public holidays will be 89 days including the weekends for Year 2075BS. It was 104 days in 2074 BS. (li) (li) Among 89 days 67 days are Saturdays, 15 days are public holiday for all & 22 days are holiday for respective region or communities.

2018 Mar 17: Nand Bahadur Pun uncontested for the second term as Vice President of Nepal.

2018 Mar-May: Transportation Syndicate : Mayur Yatatat started Kathmandu-Kabhre bus from Mar 15. 13 Bus and Tempo committees protested against them.  13 committees stopped their buses in protest also Some mayur bus driver and aids were beaten. Govt decided to cancel route permit for protesting buses. (li) Apr 17 govt decided not to renew permit for transportation syndicate throughout the country. (li) Nepal federation of commerce also supported govt decision. (li) May 3: transportation syndicate called for nationwide strike despite of govt warning. general people and private transportation companies supported the govt. Police arrested several syndicates leaders and removed the counters of protesting syndicates from new bus park Kathmandu (li) (li). Govt decided to make inquiry on wealth of syndicate leaders. (li) May 5: Syndicates took back their decision to strike. (li) May 6: govt and syndicates have 5 points agreements where syndicates agreed to take all strick program back. (li)

2018 Mar 15: (Chief Justice) Gopal Parajuli submitted resignation to the president effected today.

2018 Mar 15: Nepal Cricket Team secured ODI status for the first time. (li) Nepal along with Netherlands, Scotland & UAE will keep ODI status until 2022 world cup qualifier.

2018 Mar 14: Ganesh Prasad Timilsina from UML elected uncontested as the Chairman of National Assembly. Left Alliance has 39 (+3 nominated by left govt) members in 59 seats upper house.

2018 Mar 14: Judicial Council sent removal letter to Chief Justice Gopal Parajuli saying Parajuli's term as Chief Justice was ended in Aug 5, 2017 because of 65 years age limit. Parajuli had courted controversy after his multiple citizenship certificates with different birth dates were found. Dr Govinda KC has been doing hunger strike lately demanding to remove CJ Parajuli. Also 8 Justices of Supreme Court refused to take part in any hearing on Mar 13 & 14 protesting CJ Parajuli.(li)(li)

(Chief Justice) Gopal Parajuli administered the oath of newly re-elected President Bidhya Devi Bhandari despite of being sacked half hour before.(li) Dipak raj Joshi became active Chief Justice.

2018 Mar 13: President Bidhya Devi Bhandari re-elected as the President of Nepal for the 2nd term. She got 2/3 votes (39,275 vote weight). Her opponent Kumari Laxmi Rai (NC) got 11,730 vote weight. Current 331 federal MPs and 536 state assembly members each have 79 and 48 vote weight respectively.

2018 Mar 12 Mon: 51* Killed and 20 injured in the plane crash near runway of Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu. US Bangla airlines Flight 211 flying in from Dhaka, Bangladesh was making the landing. Plane had 67 passengers including 33 Nepali, 32 Bangladeshi, 1 Chinese and 1 Maldivian nationals. All 4 crew members were also killed. Among killed 22 are Nepali, 28 are Bangladeshi and a Chinese national. *2 among 51 were died in hospital Tuesday.

2018 Mar 11: PM Oli received 3/4 vote of confidence in the Parliament. Among total 275 members 208 voted for Oli, 60 voted against and 7 were absent. 1st, 3rd, 4th and 5th largest parties: UML, CPNM, RJPN & SSFN supported Oli whereas the 2nd largest NC became the main opposition.

2018 Mar 9: CPNMC leader Krishna Bahadur Mahara elected (uncontested) as the speaker of the house of representative.

2018 Mar 6-7: PM Oli visited India and met with Indian President P Kovid, PM Modi etc. Agreements made on Raxaul-Kathmandu rail line and Nepal India waterways link.

2018 Mar 5: Pakistan PM Shahid Khaqan Abbasi visited Nepal and met with PM oli, President Bhandari and other top leaders. (li)

2018 Feb 20:  CPN-UML and CPNMC signed 7 point agreement to unify the party. (link) Youbraj Khatiwoda, Ramnarayan Bidari and Bimala Paudel became National Assembly members as nominated by the new government and approved the the president. (li)

2018 Feb 12-15: KP Oli (UML) sworn in as the PM of Nepal. Also all 7 states got Chief Minister by today. Legislative and provincial election were held in 2017 Nov/Dec where left alliance of UML & maoists had secured nearly 2/3 majority.


4th Sher Bahadur Deuba government (2017 June -2018 Feb) 9 months

2018 Feb 7: Election of Rastriya Sabha (upper house) of Nepal. Out of total 59 seats parties got following seats: UML 27, NC 13, CPNM 12, SSF 2, RJP 2. 3 seats are nominated by president.

2018 Feb 1: First meeting of State 3 legislature. state 2,5,6,7 legislature first meeting on Feb 4 and state 1 & 4 in Feb 5.

2018 Jan 24: Deuba govt decided to give elderly pension starting at the age of 65. Age limit was 70 before this.

2018 Jan 21: state legislators of all 7 states sworn in in their respective states.

2018 Jan 18: Protests in Dhankuta, Birgunj, Dang and Dipayal against the gov decision to locate temporary provincial gov seat and demanding capital in their place.(dng,dhk,dip,bir). UML chair Oli said they do not approve provincial chiefs appointed by the gov.(li)

2018 Jan 17: Gov decided to locate provincial governments in Biratnagar, Janakpur, Hetauda, Pokhara, Rupandehi,  Surkhet and Dhangadhi for State 1 to 7 respectively. (li) Gov also appointed Provincial Chiefs in 7 provinces. They are Govinda Subba (state 1), Ratneshwor Lal Kayastha(2), Anuradha Koirala (3), Baburam Kunwar (4), Umakanta Jha (5), Durga Kesar Khanal (6) and Mohan Raj Malla (7). Kayastha is from SSFN and Jha is from RJPN. Rest are nominated from Nepali Congress. (li)

2018 Jan 5: Gov has decided to conduct National Assembly election on Feb 7.

2017 Dec 29: president has approved "upper-house election ordinance" after long debate. As current government led by NC claiming that lower house can not be completed before final result of upper house, formation of a new government is likely to take 2 months or so.

2017 Dec 25: political fight about "upper-house election ordinance" is still going on. Government led by Nepali Congress has sent an ordinance for presidential approval proposing "single transferable voting system (STV)". UML wants FPTP system. It is said that Nepali Congress could get 4/6 more seats in 59 seat upper-house if STV system is used. President has hold the ordinance and consulting major parties now looking for consensus among them. NC, RJPN & SSFN has favored STV and CPN-MC is flexible about any system. Election Commission has denied to issue the final result before upper-house is elected.

2017 Dec 20: Results of FPTP and Proportional systems came out. UML became largest single party getting total 121 seats among total 275 seats followed by Congress 63, CPNMC 53, RJPN 17 and SSFN 16. But as law to make upper-house election is still waiting the president's approval election commission did not announce final result of lower-house and because of this formation of new government became uncertain.

2017 Dec 7: Second phase of Legislative and Provincial election concluded in 45 hill and terai districts of Nepal. 70% turnout recorded.

2017 Nov 26: First phase of Legislative and Provincial election concluded in 32 hill and mountain districts of Nepal. 65% voter turnout.

Legislative and Provincial Election 2017    ↑

2017 Oct 31: Maoist leader Balkrishna Dhungel arrested and sent to prison to serve over 12 years jail time in the criminal case of murdering Ujjan Kumar Shrestha in 1998.

2017 Oct 28: 31 killed and 15 injured in a bus accident in Dhading, Gajuri. Night Bus was going from Rajbiraj to Kathmandu.

2017 Oct 17: PM has taken away portfolio from ministers from CPN maoist. He is said to have desire to get the election delayed as elections in scheduled dates (Nov  26 &Dec 7) could get bad result to NC because of the unity of two major parties UML & maoist. (linklink) As the parliament was ended in Oct 14th there is no any constitutional way to form the new government before the election.

2017 Oct 16: Nepal Loktantrik Forum led by Bijaya Kumar Gachhadar has been merged into Nepali Congress. It has 14 members in the parliament and won 9 chief seats in recent Local election.

2017 Oct 15: Akhanda Nepal Party has been merged into NC. This party had one proportional seat in recent legislative-parliament. As at least 1 FPTP seat and 3% popular vote required to be eledgible for proportional seat, most of smaller parties are being merged into either of three major parties to secure the future.

2017 Oct 14: Legislature Parliament will be ended today midnight. Election for new parliament is due for Nov 26 & Dec 7.

2017 Oct 14: 8 new ministers from RPP are added making new record of total 64 ministers. Four new ministers including a deputy pm (Kamal thapa) shorn in by the president. Other 4 are state ministers.

2017 Oct 13: Naya Shakti has opt-out the "left alliance" over the rejection of 15 constituencies demand including Gorkha-2 for its chief leader Baburam Bhattarai by UML & maoists. (link)

2017 Oct 12: Devnarayan Yadav (aka border protector) and Meghraj Nepali Nishadh has entered UML. Nepali is the president of Madhesh samata party and only member of parliament from this party which is now said to be dissolved into UML. (link)

2017 Oct 11: CPN Maoist Center and CPN United (Samyukta) have announced the unification. United has 3 members in the parliament. (link)

2017 Oct 6: Two major parties in "State no-2" SS Forum & RJP have decided to form an alliance and run the election jointly. These two parties are also in "Democratic Alliance". (link)

2017 Oct 4: Nepali Congress has initiated to form "Democratic Alliance" of 6 parties countering "Left Alliance" formed yesterday. Other 5 parties are SS Forum, NL Forum, RJP, RPP & RPP-Democratic. 6 parties combined has 301(>50%) seats in the parliament and recently won 343 chiefs (~ 46%) in 744 local levels. (linklinklink). Three parties NC, SS Forum & RJP combined has absolute presence in state no 2 whereas in rest of states UML & Maoist combined overpower all other parties combined.

2017 Oct 3: Two major leftist parties in Nepal CPN UML & CPN Maoist Center and its splinter group Naya Shakti Nepal agreed to unite after the election also running the election jointly. They aim for 2/3 majority in the coming federal and provincial election of Nov 26 & Dec 7. Three parties currently have 283 seats (~ 44%) in 601 seat parliament and 401 (~ 54%) recently elected chiefs in 744 local levels. Three former prime ministers  KP Oli from UML, Prachanda from Maoist and Baburam Bhattarai from Naya Shakti signed the 6 point agreement for that. (linklinklink)

Left Alliance 2017 

2017 Oct 2: 5 key leaders of RJP from State-5 including member of party president-council Hridayesh Tripathi decided to run coming state & federal election using election symbol "sun" of CPN UML. Other leaders are Brijesh Kumar Gupta, Pashupatidayal Mishra, Ishwordayal Mishra & Jagdish Shukla.

2017 Sep 18: Deuba government grew to total 56 members (PM deuba, 3 vice-PM, 26 cabinet ministers & 26 state ministers). (link) A new government is due to form after coming elections soon.

2017 Sep 18: Local election held in State no 2. voter turnout was 73%.

2017 Sep 11: PM Deuba broke his own record of 1996 for leading largest cabinet in the History of Nepal with 54 ministers.

2017 Aug 20: Constitution amendment bill rejected from the parliament for not reaching required 2/3 votes. Among 592 current total members 347 (58.6%) voted YES and 206 (32.8%) voted No. 39 members did not come for voting. CPN UML (181), recently broken RPP (Kamal Thapa- 19 members) etc voted NO.

2017 Aug 12: flood in terai plains. over 100 killed, thousands displaced. (L)

2017 July 24: Dr Govinda KC launched his 11th fast-unto-death on Monday demanding reforms in Nepal’s medical education sector.

2017 June 28: Second phase of local election held in State 1, 5, 7. Again UML won majority of Local chief followed by NC and Maoist.

2017 June Third week: Seema Subedi got viral for wrong reasons.

2017 June 7: Sher B Dauba elected Prime Minister from Parliament of Nepal by 388-170 votes leading collation government of NC, Maoist, Loktantrik Forum etc.


2nd Prachanda Government(2016 Aug-2017 June) - 10 months 

2017 Apr 30: Chief Justice Shushila Karki suspended after an impeachment motion was signed by more than 249 parliament members. But in May 5, the impeachment motion was blocked by Justice Cholendra Shumsher saying impeachment was against the spirit of Nepal’s Constitution.

2017 Apr 10: Prakash Aryal became Chief of Nepal Police.

2017 May 28: 1st Phase of Local Election held in States 3, 4 & 6. UML won majority of Local chief followed by NC and Maoist.

2017 Apr 20, 2017 : Six madhesh centric parties joint each other to form a new madhesh centric party named "Rastriya Janata Party". The six old parties are Mahantha Thakur-led Tarai Madhes Loktantrik Party, Rajendra Mahato-led Sadbhawana Party, Sharat Singh Bhandari-led Rastriya Madhes Samajbadi Party, Mahendra Yadav-led Tarai Madhes Sadbhawana Party, Rajkishor Yadav-led Madhesi Janadhikar Forum- Ganatantrik and Anil Jha-led Nepal Sadbhawana Party. Later Party name changed to "Rastriya Janata Party, Nepal" as there was already another party named "Rastriya Janata party" registered with Election Commission.

2017 Feb 14: Singha Bahadur Sharestha became Chief of Armed Police Force.

2016 Nov (1st week): Kushum Shrestha aka Tarkariwali became viral in social media.

2016 Oct 20: Chief Commissioner of anti corruption Agency Lokman Singh Karki suspended after 157 members of parliament brought the impeachment motion. (li)

2016 Aug 4: CPN Maoist leader Prachanda became Prime Minister leading collation government of CPN Maoist, Nepali Congress and RPP. Madheshi front also supported the new government. Prachanda resigned and replaced by NC leader Sher Bahadur Deuba on June 7, 2017 as per the agreement between NC and Maoist.


1st KP Oli Government (2015 Oct-2016 Aug) - 10 months


2016 May 19: 10 maoist parties and groups of Nepal including the largest maoist party UCPN-Maoist have been merged together to form a new party CPN-Maoist Centre.

2016 Apr 22: "Federal Front" of 27 political parties including Madheshi parties announced the new agitation from Apr 27.



2016 Mar 20-28: PM KP Oli visited China and met Chinese President Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang.

2016 Mar 3: Nepali Congress 13th general convention started. Sher B Deuba became new president defeating Ramchandra Paudel by 1,822-1,296 votes.

2016 Feb 19-20 : Nepali PM KP Oli visited India after the blockade and met Indian PM Modi.

2016 Feb 10: Ex PM Shushil Koirala died in Kathmandu.

2016 Feb 8: Madheshi front "officially" decided to take back its "border point blockade" program. They had started blockade about 4 and half months ago in Sep 24, 2015 but it has got effect-less in last 2/3 weeks as India has loosed the blockade in Indian side.

2016 Feb 5: Local residents and Indian business owners have cleared the border blockade done by Madheshi front. They burnt down the tent of protesters and removed the barriers.



2016 Jan 24 : India welcomed the first amendment of new Nepali Constitution. Border blockage has started to loosen.

2016 Jan 23: Parliament passed first constitution amendment bill by 2/3 majority.

2015 Dec 25: Nepal and China had 8-point agreement for long term trade of Petroleum & Gasoline products. Nepali vice PM and foreign minister Kamal Thapa and Chinese foreign minister Wang Yi had made this agreement in Beijing today.

2015 Dec 20: 1 madheshi protester killed in gaur.

2015 Dec 16: President Bidhya Bhandari paid her visit to Ramjanaki Mandir in core madhesh-Janakpur today. People protested outside the temple today too and 12 police are said to be wounded.

2015 Dec 7 : Indian upper house 'Rajya Sabha' has discussed about Nepal. Several MPs criticized the blockade. 

2015 Dec 6: Madheshi leaders met Indian foreign minister Sushma Swaraj, JDU president Sharad Yadav, Indian Congress leader Karan Singh and Nationalist Congress general secretory DP Tripathi in Delhi.

2015 Dec 3: Indian parliament has discussed about Nepal issue. Indian foreign minister Sushma Swaraj proposed to send a all-party delegation to Nepal.

2015 Dec 2: Foreign minister Kamal Thapa has met Indian foreign minister Susma Swaraj today. Thapa is in 3 days visit to India.

2015 Nov/Dec: Nepali diaspora around the globe protested against Indian blockade in Nepal.

2015 Nov 22: 1 killed in Madheshi protest in Saptari.

2015 Nov 21: 2 killed in Madheshi protest in Saptari.

2015 Nov 20: Nepali protested 5 cities of Australia (Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Darbin and Adilade) against the Indian blockade.  Also protested in front of Indian consulate in Hong kong.

2015 Nov 19: Bangladesh is said to be ready to sell petroleum product to Nepal except the natural gas. NOC said they are starting homework for MOU and commerce agreement soon.

2015 Nov 12: Nepalis has protested in London against the visiting Indian PM Narendra Modi. Modi and UK Prime minister David Cameroon had issued a joint press release earlier today indirectly implying that UK has support on the Indian stand in Nepal issue.

2015 Nov 11: UN Secretory general Ban Ki Moon has expressed his sorrow about the blockade in the Indo-Nepal border in the meeting with former PM Sushil Koirala in New York.

2015 Nov 10: United Nations requested all concerned parties to remove the blockade in Indo-Nepal border as a landlocked country Nepal has fundamental right to get free access to the sea.

2015 Nov 5 : Nepal and China has made an agreement to open 7 new border points and 2 dry ports. 2 border points Tatopani and Rasuwagadhi are already in use. The new 7 points are Olanchunggola (Taplejung), Kimanthaka (Sankhuwasabha),  Lamabagar (Dolakha), Larke (Gorkha), Mugu district and Yari (Humla). Dry port in Larcha (Sindhuplanchowk) is under construction where as new one will be constructed in Timure (Rasuwa).

2015 Nov 4: Nepal raised "the issue of Indian blockade" in international forum- a meeting of universal periodic review about Nepal in Jeneva. India raised the issue of violence in Nepal during maoist's civil war,  violence, extra-judicial killings and ethnic discrimination to pressurise Nepal.

2015 Nov 3 :China has said Nepal's matter should be solved without outside interference.

2015 Nov 2: An Indian citizen was killed during Madheshi protest.

2015 Oct 28: UML leader Bidhya Devi Bhandari elected as the President of Nepal. Among total 597 MPs 549 voted except protesting Madheshi parties. Bhandari got 327 votes whereas defeated candidate from Nepali Congress Kulbahadur Gurung got 214 votes.

2015 Oct 16: Maoist leader Onsari Gharti unanimously elected as the Speaker of the parliament. Indian blockade continued.

2015 Oct 11: CPN UML leader Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli became Prime Minister leading UML-Maoist collation governement. Out of total 587 votes Oli got 338 votes. Another candidate current PM Sushil Koirala got only 249 votes. Nepali congress and madheshi front voted Koirala.



Shushil Koirala Governement  (2014 Feb-2015 Oct) - 1 year 8 months


2015 Oct 2:  On the first meeting of transformed parliament today Prime Minister Sushil koirala has announced to resign from his post to give the way for new government. 

2015 Sep 27: Continued Indian blockade increased the scarcity of petroleum and LPG gas in Nepal. People protested in front of Indian embassy in Nepal. Madheshi protesters have continued to protest from Indian side of border. Indian police and public are openly supporting the protest.

2015 Sep 26: Influential leader of CPN Maoist Baburam Bhattarai left the party.

2015 Sep 24: India has started blocking the open Indo-Nepal border to pressurize Nepal through control of supply. Agitating Madheshi front followed footstep of India.

Unofficial Indian blockade in Nepal (2015-2016) - 5 months     ↑

2015 Sep 22: Hashtag #BackOffIndia has made the worldwide trend in twitter today. Nepali people are furious about Indian intervention in Nepal. India is angry that Nepal democratically issued the constitution and rejected the Indian advice.

2015 Sep 21,22,23: various countries in the world including China, Japan, Pakistan, UK, EU, Switzerland, Norway,  United States, Germany, France, Russia welcomed the new constitution. India said they just "noted" that new constitution as proclaimed in Nepal in Sep 21.

2015 Sep 20: President Dr. Ram Baran Yadav promulgated the Constitution of Nepal in the last meeting of Constituent Assembly today. China, Japan, Pakistan, UK, EU, Switzerland, Norway United States, Germany, France and Russia welcomed the new constitution within some days. India did not welcome the constitution.

2015 Sep 18: Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi send S. Jayasankar as the special envoy to Nepal to delay proclamation of the constitution, but the advice was rejected by major parties.

2015 Sep 16: Nepal's Constitution 2072 B.S. is endorsed by the constituent assembly meeting by 2/3 majority today. Out of total 598 current CA members 507 voted for YES (84.78%), 25 Voted No and 66 were absent. 25 CA members who voted against the constitution were the leaders of RPP-Nepal, a hindu royalist party.

2015 Sep 15: 4 protesters killed in Rupendehi districts during madheshi protest.

2015 Sep 11: 3 protesters killed in Janakpur, 2 in Jaleshwor during madheshi protest today. 1 Police officer killed by protesters in Mahhotari district.

2015 Sep 9: 4 killed in Jaleshwor city in Madheshi protest.

2015 Sep 1: Eastern region also started protesting. 5 protesters killed in Bara, Parsa districts today in the protest of Madheshi front.

2015 Aug 24 - Sep 6: Dr Govinda KC sat on sixth hunger strike protesting the government being heavily influenced by unscrupulous politicians and merchants with wrong intention tried with all means to let the medical colleges go unregulated.

2015 Aug 24: 8 police officers from Nepal police and APF, one child and 3 protesters killed in Kailali district in a violent protest organized by Tharuhat/ Tharuwan united front. National Security Council in Kathmandu decided to deploy the army in Kailali, Sarlahi and Rautahat districts.



2015 Aug 20: Police killed infamous gangster Kumar Shrestha aka Ghaite. Last year in Aug 6, Police had killed another gangster Dinesh Adhikari aka Chari.

2015 Aug 21: After several protests in two weeks 3 major political parties (Congress, UML & Maoist) now agree on a new 7 states model. 4th party from earlier agreement (Forum-democratic) opposed the agreement. Main protest now going on are demanding state for Tharuhat Pradesh (from Nawalparasi to Kanchanpur excluding hill districts), Akhanda Sudur-paschim (undivided far-west region), Karnali pradesh (including present Karnali zone). Other smaller protests are for Akhanda Madhya-paschim (undivided mid-west region), Akhanda(undivided) Baglung district  etc.

2015 Madhesh and Tharuhat movement     ↑

2015 Aug 11: General Rajendra Chhettri became Chief of Nepal army - COAS

2015 Aug 8: Four major political parties (Congress, UML, Maoist and Forum-Democratic) agree on a new 6 states model. All new 6 states will have boundary with India. 4 states (except 2 Lumbini & Madhesh) will have boundary with China as well.

2015 June 30: Chairman of constitution draft committee Krishna Prasad Sitaula presented the draft of the constitution in the CA.

2015 June : Madheshi Janadhaikar Forum-Nepal led by Upndra Yadav, the Federal Socialist Party Nepal (FSPN) led by Ashok Rai and the Khas Samabeshi Party merged to form Sanghiya Samajbadi Forum. Its now 5th largest party in the parliament. (L) MJF and FSPN has 10 and 5 CA members.

2015 June 9 : 16-points agreement between four major political parties (Congress, UML, Maoist and Forum-Democratic). They also agreed on 8 state model. But boundaries are not yet finalized. Maoist led 30-party alliance split.

New Political order after Earthquake     ↑

2015 May 12 : another earthquake of 7.3 magnitude hit Nepal.


2015 May first week: #GoHomeIndianMedia got viral /trend in social media.


2015 Apr 26: Indian and Chinese rescue mission arrived in Nepal. 



2015 Apr 25: 7.8 magnitude earthquake hit Nepal ultimately killing more the 9,000 people

Earthquake in Nepal 2015     ↑

2015 Apr 15: Ex. PM and veteran RPP leader Surya Bahadur Thapa died at the age of 87.

2015 Apr 7: general strike by 30-party mocha has effect in Nepal including capital Kathmandu.

2015 Mar 15: CPN Maoist leaders Prachanda, Baburam Bhattarai, Narayankaji Shrestha, Krishna B Mahara had meeting with broke away party CPN-Maoist leaders Mohan Baidhya Kiran, Ram Bahadur Thapa Badal and Dev gurung to discuss about possible prosecution of war crime.(link)

2015 Feb 28: 30-party morcha led by CPN Maoist demonstrated in Kathmandu. 30 parties include 19 parties in Constituent Assembly and 11 parties out of CA.

2015 Feb 26: Supreme Court of Nepal ruled that pardon can not be offered to serious criminal offense happened during 10-year long civil war and should be treated under regular criminal law. (link)

2015 Jan 22: (Magh 8, 2071 BS) First deadline of new constitution after the election of 2nd Constituent Assembly expired. 

2015 Jan 19: Maoists broke chairs in the Constituent Assembly. Maoist member Umesh Yadav came in news. 30-party alliance led by Maoist and Madheshi front is agitating against the government since months.

2014 Dec 22: 30 Party Alliance of CPN Maoist & Madheshi morcha - CPN moist, madheshi morcha formed 30-party morcha which consists 19 parties having at least 1 member in Constituent assembly.

2014 Nov 26/27: 18th SAARC summit held in Kathmandu. PM Shushil Koirala represented Nepal. Afghan President Ashraf Ghani, Bangladeshi PM Sheikh Hasina, Bhutanese PM Tshering Tobgay, Indian PM Narendra Modi, Maldivian President Abdulla Yameen, Pakistani PM Nawaz Sharif and Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa arrived Nepal for summit.

2014 Aug 6: Police shot dead infamous gangster Dinesh Adhikari aka Chari, the bird.

2014 Aug 3/4 : Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited Nepal for the first time after becoming PM.

2014 Feb 11: Nepali Congress leader Sushil Koirala became Prime Minister. Koirala secured 405 votes in favor and 148 votes were cast against him.  Of the 571 lawmakers, 553 were present during the election. Koirala is supported by his party NC (196), and CPN UML (175) and other small parties like Rastriya Prajantra Party (13), CPN-ML (5), Nepal Majdoor Kishan Party (4), Rastriya Janamorcha (3), CPN-United (3), Pariwar Dal (2), Samajvadi Janata Party (1). But 20 political parties including the UCPN (Maoist) voted against Koirala.


(Cheif Justice) Khil Raj Regmi gov (2013 Mar-2014 Feb)- 11 months (for ELECTION)

2014 Jan 21: first meeting of the second CA. Leaders from NC, CPN-UML and UCPN (Maoist) pledged to draft the constitution within a year.

2013 Nov 19: Second constituent Assembly Election. Record 78.34% voters casted their vote. Total 30 parties won at-least one seat in 601 seat CA. 2 independent candidates also won the seat. Nepali Congress became largest party with 196 seats followed by CPN UML 175 and CPN Maoist 80. Top 3 parties secured over 75% of seats in the CA.

2013 Nov: Upendra Kanta Aryal became Chief of Nepal Police.

2013 Mar 14: Supreme Court Chief Justice Khil Raj Regmi became Head of Ministerial Council (equivalent to Prime Minister).


Baburam Bhattarai Government (Maoist) (2011 Aug- 2013 Mar) - 1 year 6 months

2012 Sep 9: Lt. General Gaurav Shamsher JBR became the chief of Nepal Army. COAS

2012 Sep 6: US delisted CPN Maoist from terrorist list.

2012 Sep: Kuber Sing Rana became Chief of Nepal Police.

2012 May 27: Prime Minister Bhattarai announced that the Constituent Assembly was dissolved. He said he would remain in power and hold elections for a legislative body in November, a step that was criticized by other leaders as a power grab.

2012 May 24:  Supreme Court ordered the government to finish a draft of the new constitution by May 27, denying a request from the government for a three-month extension.

2011 Nov 25: Supreme court ruled that only 6 months more time may be added for this constitution assembly. CA election was held in April 10, 2008 and its first meeting was in May 28. It was provisioned the the constitution should be written within 2 years i.e. May 28, 2010 (Jeth 14 2067 BS). Since then three other new dateline were given 1 year (May 28 2011/ Jeth 14 2068 BS), 3 months (Aug 31, 2011 / 2068 Bhadau 14), another 3 months (Nov 30, 2011 /2068 Mangsir 14).

2011 Nov 10-11: 17th SAARC summit held in Maldives. PM represented Nepal.

2011 Aug 29: CPN Maoist leader Baburam Bhattarai became Prime Minister.


Jhal Nath Khanal Government (UML) (2011 Feb- 2011 Aug) - 6 months



2011 June: Rabindra Pratap Sah became Chief of Nepal Police.

2011 Mar 4: Ex PM & NC leader Krishna Prasad Bhattarai died.

2011 Feb 6: CPN UML leader Jhal Nath Khanal became Prime Minister. He got 368 votes in the 601-member parliament whereas other candidates Ram Chandra Poudel (NC) got 122 and Bijay Kumar Gachhedar MJF (Democratic) got 67 votes.


Madhav K Nepal Government (UML) (2009 May- 2011 Feb) 1 year 9 months

2011 Feb 3: after 16-time unsuccessful attempt, CPN Maoist decided to back their PM candidate Prachanda and support CPN UML leader Jhal Nath Khanal for PM.

2011 Jan 15: United Missions in Nepal (UNMIN) ceased its monitoring operation in Nepal.

2010 Sep 17-21: Nepali Congress 12th Nation convention held. Suhil Koirala defeated Sher B Dauba for president by 1652-1317 votes. Mahamantri Prakashman Singh, Kosadhakshya Chitralekha Yadav,

2010 Aug 6: CPN-ML split over prime ministerial election under the leadership of Jagat Bahagur Bogati with four members of CA from CPN-ML Ganesh Chaudhary, Sharada Nepali, Tilak Bahadur Thapa Magar and Yadu Bansha Jha. New party decided to vote for Prachanda. New party registered in the election commission as CPN ML-Samajbadi in 2011 Apr 26.

2010 July 21- 2010 Nov 4: *16 times PM election. Prachanda vs Ram Chandra Paudel.

2010 June 30: PM Nepal resigned form the post. He will continue to act as PM until next one will be elected.

2010 Apr 28-29: 16th SAARC summit held in Bhutan. PM MK Nepal represented Nepal.

2010 Mar 20: Ex PM & NC Leader Girija Prasad Koirala died.

2009 Sep 9: Gen Chhatraman Singh Gurung became of Chief of Nepal Army. COAS

2009 May 25: CPN UML leader Madhab Kumar Nepal became Prime Minister leading 22 party collation government.


1st Prachanda Government (Maoist) (2008-2009) - 9 months

2009 May 4: Prachanda resigned from the post of Prime Minister after his order was opposed by President.

2009 May 3: Prime Minister Prachanda fired Chief of Army Staff Rukmangad Katuwal for disobeying instructions not to hire new recruits. But at late night President Rambaran Yadav overruled the order of Prime Minister.

2009 Feb 16-25: CPN UML 8th general convention held. Out of 1,820 delegates, 1,793 had voted to form new central committee.  Jhala Nath Khanal was elected as party chairman. Bam Dev Gautam, Ashok Rai and Bidhya Bhandari have been elected vice-presidents of the party. Ishwor Pokhrel has been elected general secretary. Similarly, Bishnu Poudel, Shankar Pokhrel, and Yubaraj Gyawali have won the seats of secretary. (Li)

2009 Feb: Ramesh Chand Thakuri became chief of Nepal Police.

2009 Jan: Indian priests in Pashupatinath Temple forced to resign from the post. Prachanda government picked Nepali priests in that post, which was protested by both remaining priests and hindus in and out of Nepal.

2008 Sep 12: Nanda Kishor Pun (Pasang) became new chief of PLA

2008 Sep: Hem Bahadur Gurung became Chief of Nepal Police.

2008 Aug 18: CPN Maoist leader Prachanda became Prime Minister. Elected from CA (Aug 15).  CA Election was held in 2008 Apr where CPN Maoist got majority.


4th Girija Prasad Koirala Government (2006 Apr-2008 Aug) - 2 year 4 months

2008 Aug 1-3: 15th SAARC summit held in Sri Lanka. PM Girija P Koirala represented Nepal.

2008 July 21: The Constituent Assembly elected Dr Ram Baran Yadav as the First President of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.

Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal   

2008 June 11: Former King Gyanendra left his official residence Narayanhiti Royal Palace.

2008 May 28: Constituent Assembly (CA) meeting voted to abolish Monarchy. 560 out of 564 CA members voted against the monarchy.

2008 Apr 10: First Constituent Assembly Election held. CPN Maoist became largest party with 229 seats among total 601 followed by Nepali Congress 115 and CPN UML 108.



2008 Feb 28 : 8-point agreement (८ बुँदे सहमति)  between Government and agitating "Samyukta Loktantrik Madheshi Morcha" including MJF, TMLP, Sadbhawana Party (Agreed on Nepal to be Federal democratic republic and there will be autonomous Madhesh state).

2007 Dec 30: Maoists rejoined Girija p Koirala government

2007 Dec 28: Interim Parliament voted to abolish Nepal's MonarchyOut of 321 members, 270 voted for the abolition of the monarchy and 3 voted against. The rest were absent or abstained.

2007 Sep 25: Nepali Congress and its spilinter Nepali Congress (Democratic) got united.

2007 Dec 24: Seven-Party Alliance and Maoists reached 23-point agreement to abolish the monarchy.

2007 Sep 18: Maoists quit the interim government and launched the first phase of their so called "street revolt", and threatened  to boycott the Nov 22 elections.

2007 Aug 30: 22-point agreement between government and MJF

2007 June 13: Electoral bills passed. Elections announced for Nov. 22, 2007.

2007 Apr 3-4: 14th SAARC summit held in India. PM Koirala represented Nepal.

2007 Apr 2 : Maoists joined the interim government of Girija Prasad Koirala.

2007 Mar 21: Gaur carnage: 27 people killed in violent clash between MJF and Maoist's Madheshi Rastriya Mukti Morcha in Gaur, Hajmaniya and Mudhbaliya area.

2007 Jan 23: United Nations established United Missions in Nepal (UNMIN) to monitor the disarmament of Maoist rebels and the preparations for Constituent Assembly elections in 2007 by the request of both parties Nepal Government and Maoists. Ian Martin was the first head of UNMIN.

2007 Jan 16 : Madhesh uprising started led by Madheshi Janadhikar Forum (MJF).

2007 Jan 15:  Pratinidhi Sabha, the legislature of Nepal, dissolved. Last meeting of the parliament promulgated "Interim Constitution of Nepal, 2007" which provisioned the outgoing parliament be replaced by a new "Interim legislature" of 330 members as agreed between Seven parties alliance and CPN Maoist. Among them 209 from Seven party alliance and parties in former parliament, 83 from CPN Maoist, and 48 from civil society. (48 later distributed 10 each for NC, CPN-UML & CPN-Maoist, 6 to NC Democratic, and 3 each to NSP Anandidevi, NWPP, Janamorcha & United Left front as decided in Jan 11, 2007)

2006 Nov 21: "Comprehensive Peace Accord" (view in pdf) signed by government (PM Koirala) and CPN Maoist (party president Prachanda) officially ending decade long civil war.

2006 Sep 22: parliament passed a new law imposing tighter civilian control over the army which was considered loyal to the nation's royal family.


2006 Sep 9:  Lt General Rukmangat Katuwal became Chief (COAS) of Nepal Army.



2006 Sep: Om Bikram Rana became Chief (IGP) of Nepal Police.



2006 Aug 9: Government and Maoists wrote separate letters to UN asking for assistance.



2006 Jun 16: Maoist supremo Prachanda became public in Kathmandu.



2006 Jun 10: Parliament stripped King Gyanendra of his veto power over the legislature, parliament now need no approval of the king before signing a bill into law.



2006 May 18: Parliament reduced the powers of the king, calling for him to be stripped of his legal immunity, authority over the army and exemption from paying taxes and also declared Nepal a secular state, ending its unique status as the world's only Hindu nation. Nepali press/people welcomed this as "magna carta" of Nepal.



2006 May 11: government released key maoist leaders Matrika Yadhav and Suresh Ale Magar, dropped murder charges against them, marking the administration's first major release of militants.

2006 May 3: Cabinet declared a cease-fire with maoists and remove the "terrorist" label form them.

2006 Apr 28: Parliament re-convened after four years, legislators proposed a cease-fire with Maoist rebels and elections for a constitutional assembly.

2006 Apr 25: Nepali congress leader Girija P Koirala appointed as the Prime Minister (4th) after successful 19 days People's movement of 2006 Apr 6-24



See Also:

TimelineCivil War (1996-2006),  Constitution (2015),  Kingdom (1846-1990), Unification(1744-1806) List: members of parliament (1959-2017)


References

* Many online news ports like: onlinekhabar.com, setopati.com, ratopati.com etc.
* Foreign news sites like: indiatimes.com, hindustantimes.com etc.
* official sites of government of Nepal, Nepal Police, Nepal Army, APF
* official sites of foreign governments.
* A Political Chronology of Central, South and East Asia By Ian Preston
* Self-Determination & Constitution Making in Nepal. By Surendra Bhandari