Post war justice of Nepal (2006- present)

1996 Feb 13: CPN Maoist lunched civil war
2001 June 1: Royal massacre of Nepal
2006 Mar 31: gov decided to create "Peace and Reconstruction Ministry" to help the peace process.
2006 Apr 24: 19-days peaceful people movement succeed.
2006 Nov 21 (BS 2063/08/05): Peace agreement between Maoist and Government.
2018 May 16: CPN Maoist Center (mainstream remain of original maoist party) merged with CPN UML to form Nepal Communist Party which is ruling party in Nepal. Other small fractions from original maoists party like groups led by Mohan Baidhya & Biplap are working separately with zero members in Parliament or Provincial assemblies. Group led by another former maoist leader Baburam Bhattari started alternative politics which is yet to be successful.
After the war

2008 Apr 10: First Constituent Assembly election held. CPN Maoist became largest party with 229 seats among total 601 followed by Nepali Congress 115 and CPN UML 108.

2008 Aug 18: CPN Maoist leader Prachanda became Prime Minister. 5 governments changed until next election in 5 years.

2011 Aug 29: CPN Maoist leader Baburam Bhattarai became Prime Minister (until 2013 May 14).

2013 Nov 19: Second constituent assembly election held. Nepali Congress became largest party with 196 seats followed by CPN UML 175 and CPN Maoist 80. 

2014 Apr 25 Fri (BS 2071/01/12): Disappearances Enquiry, Truth and Reconciliation Commission Act, 2014 (बेपत्ता पारिएका व्यक्तिको छानविन, सत्य निरूपण तथा मेलमिलाप आयोगसम्बन्धी विधेयक, २०७०) passed from the parliament.

2015 Feb 10 (BS 2071/10/27) : Government formed "Truth and Reconciliation commission" (सत्य निरुपण तथा मेलमेलाप आयोग) and Commission of Investigation on Enforced Disappeared Persons -CIEDP (बेपत्ता पारिएका व्यक्तिको छानबिन आयोग) consisting five members each. Members of Truth commission are Suryakiran Gurung-president, Lila Udasi Khanal, Srikrishna Subedi, Dr. Madhabi Bhatta Parajuli and Manchala Kumari jha. Similarly members of Disappearances commission are Lokendra Mallik-president, Bijul Biswakarma, Prof.Dr. Bishnu Pathak, Nar Kumari Gurung and Aaibahadur Gurung. Assigned initial time duration of both commissions are two years.

2015 Sep 20: New Constitution of Nepal promulgated.

2015 Nov 4 Wed: India raised the issue of violence in Nepal during civil war in the meeting of universal periodic review in Geneva to blackmail Nepali leaders. Nepal has openly blamed India for its blockade in Indo-Nepal border as an inhuman activity in international forum. (see timeline)

2006-2016: high level of political instability in Nepal. 9 governments changed in 10 years after the peace agreement of 2006.

2016 Apr 14-June 14 (BS 2073/01/02-02/30): Disappearances Enquiry Commission asked people to fill the missing report within this dateline.

2017 Dec 21: CIEDP requested government to extend its term by three years. CIEDP received 3,093 complaints and it has recommended 2,258 complaints for detailed investigations after completing preliminary investigations. Of them, detailed investigations have begun on 206 complaints as of December 15. (link)

Popular cases

2004 Feb 17: 15-years old Maina Sunuwar / sunar was arrested by 12-man army team lead by then captain Niranjan Basnet and then taken to Army barrack at Panchkhal, Kabhre. She disappeared after that.
- 2005: three officers Amit Pun, Sunil Adhikari, Boby Khatry were court marshaled by Nepal army and sentenced 6 months jail and fines for negligence and not disposing of Maina's body correctly.
- 2008 feb : after heavy public pressure Murder charges was filed and Kabhre district court issued summons for arrest of 4 accused army officers. But nothing happened.
(Total Accused 4: Colonel Boby Khatri, Captain Niranjan Basnet, Captain Sunil Adhikari, Captain Amrit Pun - other suspects: Sergentt Khadka Bahadur Khatri, mess runner Dil bahadur basnet and Sri Krishna Thapa).
- 2008 July:DNA test confirmed that human remains found buried at Panchkhal army camp belonged to Maina Sunuwar.
- 2009 Sep: Kabhre district court ordered the Suspension of Major Niranjan Basnet who was already promoted from Captain. But Army didn't follow the order.
- 2009 Dec 12 Major Niranjan Basnet was sent back to Nepal from UN peacekeeping mission seeing his violent track record in Sunuwar's case.
-2010 July 14: Nepal army made its internal court to inquiry in this case and gave clean chit to Major Basnet and criticized UN for expelling him from the mission.
-2015 Jan 14: district court ordered to re-open the case.
- 2017 Apr 17: three former solders Amit Pun, Sunil Adhikari, Boby Khatry are sentenced 20 years of prison by district court . Forth accused Major Niranjan Basnet was freed of all charges as he was only responsible for arrest not the murder. All three convicted criminals have left or retired from the army and and have now remained as fugitive.

2004 June 26: Journalist Dekendra Thapa was abducted in Dailekh district . He was severely tortured and buried alive after two months.
-2013 Jan 5: Dailekh police arrested all five suspects.
-2014 July 12: Dailekh district court sentenced two years of impresionment to Nirak Magar, Harilal Pun and Jaya Bahadur Shahi, one and half year to lakshmiram magar and one year to bir Bahadur Kc.

2010 : Case of Bal Krishna Dhungel
-1998 June 24: Ujjan Kumar Shrestha was killed in Okhaldhunga.
-2004: okhaldhunga district court convicted Balkrishna Dhungel and Puskar Gautam and ordered life term.
-2006: Rajbiraj Appellate court gave Dhungel clean chit
-2008: Dhungel elected for first constituent assembly from Okhaldhunga.
-2010: Supreme Court overturned appeal court's decision and kept the verdict of district court.
But Mr Dhungel never arrested.
-2011: Baburam Bhattarai's government forwarded Dhungel's name for Presidential clemency.
-2014 may: Puskar Gautam arrested and jailed.
-2016 Jan: Supreme Court ruled that Dhungel can not be given clemency.
- 2017 Oct 31: Balkrishna Dhungel arrested and sent to prison to serve over 12 years jail time.
- 2018 Mar 20: Home Minister Ram B Thapa met Dhungel in the prison and assured him that govt will act to release him soon. (li)
- 2018 May 29: Balkrishna Dhungel released from prison with presidential pardon recommended by govt. (li)

2013 Jan 3: Colonel Kumar Lama of Nepal Army was arrested at his home in Leonards-at-sea near Hastings UK under section 134 of the criminal justice act 1988 citing universal jurisdiction on the case of  crime against humanity by U.K. Police.
Nepal government always took side of Lama. They even disallowed U.K. Rescue mission to enter Nepal after 2014 earthquake in the protest of his case taken over by U.K.
Lama was charged for two separate incidents of torture committed between Apr and Oct 2005 on Janak Bahadur Raut and Karam Hussein who were detainees at Gorusinghe Army barrack at Kapilvastu District in Nepal. On Aug 2, 2016 he was freed from Husain case and on sep 6 2016 he was freed from other charge as well. Nepal government spent about £1 million for his legal fees.

2005 June 7: Bandermude incident (link, link) : 38 civilians dead and 70 injured in land-mine blast on passenger bus in Bander-mude, Madi, Chitwan. The bus number "Na 1 Kha 3245" was going from Bagai, Ayodhyapuri, Madi to Bharatpur. Maoist said the incident happened by mistake. 
2013 Feb 28: Prachanda announced that Nepal govt will provide Rs 60 Lakh to Bandarmude victim in Madi Mahotsab. But victims refused to take that money. (li)
2016 May 19: 57 victim family jointly reported the incident to Peace committee. Other 15 reported to local peace committee. Total victim is said to be 150. 
2017 Dec 3: Prachanda signed written agreement with Bandarmudhe victim to help them with employment, pension, school etc. Prachanda is contesting from Chitwan-3 from left front in Parliamentary election.


Killed in war : 13,000-16,000
Disappeared : 1,300 - 3,000
Reported incidents in commissions: 2,971

See Also