Most common elderly medical conditions & diseases

Diseases and medical conditions most commonly found among the elders.


* Asthma: a condition of difficulty in breathing when a person's airways become inflamed, narrow and swell, and produce extra mucus.
* Chronic Bronchitis: cough & sputum. Inflammation of the lining of bronchial tubes, which carry air to and from the lungs. Chronic lasts for at least 3 months, 2 years in a row.
* Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) : A group of lung diseases that block airflow and make it difficult to breathe.
* Influenza and Pneumonia
* Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA): breathing repeatedly stops and starts during sleep.

* Stroke: A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of your brain is interrupted or severely reduced, depriving brain tissue of oxygen and food. Within minutes, brain cells begin to die. A stroke is a medical emergency.


* Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)
* Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT): A blood clot in a deep vein, usually in the legs.
High cholesterol/ hypercholesterolemia: High amounts of cholesterol in the blood. It may develop fatty deposits in blood vessels eventually making it difficult for enough blood to flow through arteries. heart may not get as much oxygen-rich blood as it needs, which increases the risk of a heart attack. Decreased blood flow to brain can cause a stroke.
Diabetes: Over five million elderly people in the US have diabetes.
Hypertension: High Blood pressure. A condition in which the force of the blood against the artery walls is too high.
* Obesity

* Dementia: memory loss. group of symptoms that interferes with daily functioning. Treatment can help, but this condition can't be cured.
* Alzheimer's disease: most common dementia (50-70%). 
* Parkinson’s Disease (10% of dementia). when scattered Lewy bodies accumulate in the specific area of the brain. 
* Epilepsy: sudden recurrent episodes of sensory disturbance, loss of consciousness.
* Multiple Sclerosis: A disease in which the immune system eats away at the protective covering of nerves disrupting communication between the brain and the body.
* Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) / motor neuron disease (MND) : neurological disease that  causes muscle weakness, disability and eventually death.
* Motor Neurone Disease:  a group of diseases that affect the nerves (motor neurones) in the brain and spinal cord that tell your muscles what to do
* Depression

* Arthritis
* Osteoporosis: bones to become weak and brittle, that a fall or even mild stresses like bending over or coughing can cause a fracture.
* Paget’s Disease of the Bone
* Bedsores / pressure ulcers

* Hyperthyroidism / Hypothyroidism
* Blindness
* Cataracts: clouding of the eye's natural lens
* Cancer
* Shingles: like chicken pox. one out of three people over 60 will get shingles, and 50 percent of all Americans will experience it before they’re 80.


* Chronic Kidney Disease
* Enlarged prostate
* Incontinence and constipation