Common medical abbreviations


This post intends to list all medical abbreviations used. * being updated. Current numbers 312

a = before
A-line = arterial line
A&P = Anatomy and Phisiology
aa = of each (used in writing prescriptions)
abd = abdomen
ABG arterial blood gas
ac = before meals
ACLS = Advanced Cardiac Life Support
ad lib = as much as desired
ADL = activity of daily living
AED = automated external defi brillator
AF = atrial fibrillation
AIDS = acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
AK = Above the Knee
AKA = Above the Knee ambutation
AMA = against medical advice
amb = ambulatory
AMI = acute myocardial infarction
AMS = altered mental status
ant = anterior
AO × 4 = alert and oriented to person, place, time, and self
AP = anteroposterior, front-toback, action potential, angina pectoris, anterior pituitary, arterial pressure
APC = atrial premature complex, activated protein C, aspirinphenacetin-caffeine
Aq = water
ARDS = adult respiratory distress syndrome
ASA = aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid)
ASAP = as soon as possible
ASHD = arteriosclerotic or atherosclerotic heart disease
AV, A-V = atrioventricular, arteriovenous
BBB = bundle branch block
bid = twice daily
BKA = below the knee amputation
BM = bowel movement
BP = blood pressure
BS = blood sugar, breath sounds,bowel sounds, bachelor of science (degree)
BSA = body surface area
bx = biopsy
C = degrees Celsius (centigrade)
c = with
c/o = complaining of
Ca = calcium
CA = cancer, cardiac arrest, chronologic age, coronary artery, cold agglutinin
CABG = coronary artery bypass graft
CAD = coronary artery disease
CBC = complete blood count
cc = cubic centimeter
CC or C/C = chief complaint
CCU = coronary care unit
CHF = congestive heart failure
Cl = chloride
cm = centimeter
cm3 = cubic centimeter
CNS = central nervous system
CO = cardiac output, carbon monoxide
CO2 = carbon dioxide
COLD = chronic obstructive lung disease
COPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CP = chest pain, chemically pure, cerebral palsy
CPR = cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRNA = certified registered nurse anesthetist
CRT = capillary refi ll time, cathode-ray tube
CSF = cerebrospinal fluid
CSM =carotid sinus massage, cerebrospinal meningitis
CVA = cerebrovascular accident
CVP = central venous pressure
CXR = chest x-ray
D/C = discontinue
D&C = dilation and curettage
D5W = dextrose 5% in water
diff = differential
dig = digoxin
DM = diabetes mellitus
DOA = dead on arrival
DOE = dyspnea on exertion
DON director of nursing
DOS = dead on scene
DPT = diphtheria, pertussis,and tetanus toxoids vaccine
DSD = dry sterile dressing
DtaP = diphtheria, tetanus toxoids, and acellular pertussis vaccine
DTP = diphtheria, tetanus toxoids, and pertussis vaccine
DTs = delirium tremens
DVT = deep venous thrombosis
Dx = diagnosis
ECG = electrocardiogram
ED = emergency department
EDC = estimated date of confinement
EEG = electroencephalogram
eg = for example on
EKG = electrocardiogram
ENT = ears, nose, and throat
equal sign corssed MILAN = not equal
ER = emergency room
ET = endotracheal tube, endotracheal
ETA = estimated time of arrival
ETOH = ethyl alcohol
ETT = endotracheal tube
F = degrees Fahrenheit
FBS = fasting blood sugar
Fe = iron
FHR = fetal heart rate
FHT = fetal heart tones
FHx = family history
FIO2 = fraction of inspired oxygen
fL = femtoliter
fl = fluid
fld = fluid
FSH = follicle-stimulating hormone
fx = fracture
g = gram
GB = gallbladder
GI = gastrointestinal
gm = gram
gr = grain
GSW = gunshot wound ure
gtt = drop(s)
GTT = glucose tolerance test
GU = genitourinary
gyn = gynecology
h = hour
H = hypodermic
H written as (H) = hypodermic
H/A = headache
H&H = hemoglobin and hematocrit
H&P = history and physical
H2O = Water
H2O2 = hydrogen peroxide
Hb = hemoglobin
Hct = hematocrit
Hg = mercury
Hgb = hemoglobin
HH = hiatal hernia
HIV = human immunodefienency virus
HPI = history of present illness
hr = hour
hs = at bedtime
HTN = hypertension
http://samples.jbpub.com/9780763779306/Medical%20Terminology.pdf
Hx = history
Hz = hertz
I&O = intake and output
IC = intracardiac, inspiratory capacity, irritable colon
ICP = intracranial pressure
ICU = intensive care unit
IDDM = insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
IM = intramuscular
IO = intraosseous
IPPB =intermittent positive pressure breathing
IUD = intrauterine (contraceptive) device
IV = intravenous
JVD = jugular venous distenti
K+ = potassium
KCl =potassium chloride
kg = kilogram
KUB = kidneys, ureters, and bladder
KVO = keep vein open
L = liter
L/M = liters per minute
L= left
LAC = laceration, laparoscopicassisted colectomy
lb = pound
LE = lower extremity, left eye, lupus erythematosus
LLL = left lower lobe of the lung
LLQ = left lower quadrant of the abdomen
LMP = last menstrual period
LOC = level of consciousness, loss of consciousness
LPM = liters per minute
LPN = licensed practical nurse
LR = Lactated Ringer’s
LSD = lysergic acid diethylamide
LUL = left upper lobe of the lung
LUQ = left upper quadrant of the abdomen
LVN = licensed vocational nurse
m = meter
MAE = moves all extremities
MAEW = moves all extremities well
MAP = mean arterial press
mcg = microgram
MCL = midclavicular line, modified chest lead
mEq = milliequivalent
mg = milligram (mgm is a former symbol)
MI = myocardial infarction
MICU = mobile intensive care unit, medical intensive care unit
min = minute
mL = milliliter
mm = millimeter
mm Hg = millimeters of mercury
MRI = magnetic resonance imaging
MS = morphine sulfate, multiple sclerosis
MSO4 = morphine sulfate
MVA = motor vehicle accident
MVC = motor vehicle crash
MVP = mitral valve prolapse
N = normal
N/V = nausea and vomiting
N/V/D = nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
Na = sodium
NA, N/A = not applicable
NaCl = sodium chloride
NAD = no apparent distress, no appreciable disease
NaHCO3 = sodium bicarbonate
NC = nasal cannula
NG = nasogastric
NICU = neonatal intensive care unit
NIDDM = non–insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
NKA = no known allergies
NKDA = no known drug allergies
NPA = nasopharyngeal airway
NPO = nil per os (nothing by mouth)
NS = normal saline
NSR = normal sinus rhythm
NTG = nitroglycerin
NVD = neck vein distention
Ø = no, not, none
O2 = oxygen
OB = obstetrics
OBS = organic brain syndrome
OD = overdose, right eye, optical density, outside diameter, doctor of optometry
OP = outpatient
OPA = oropharyngeal airway
OR = operating room
OS = left eye
OU= both eyes
oz = ounce
p = after
pc = after meals
PCO2 = partial pressure of carbon dioxide
PDR = Physicians' Desk Reference
PE = pulmonary embolism, physical examination
PEA = pulseless electrical activity
PEARL = pupils equal and reactive to light
ped(s) = pediatric
PEEP = positive end-expiratory pressure
PERL = pupils equal and reactive to light
PERRL = pupils equal, round, and reactive to light
pH = hydrogen ion concentration
PID = pelvic inflammatory disease
PND = paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
po = per os (by mouth)
PO = postoperative, “post op”
PO2 = partial pressure of oxygen
PRN = pro re nata (as needed)
psi = pounds per square inch
PSVT = paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
pt = patient
PT = physical therapy
PTA = prior to admission, plasma thromboplastin antecedent
PTT = partial thromboplastin time
PVC = premature ventricular complex, polyvinyl chloride
PVD = peripheral vascular disease
q = every
qd = every day
qh = every hour
qid = four times a day
qod = every other day
R/O = rule out
RA = rheumatoid arthritis, right atrium
RAD = reactive airway disease, right axis deviation
RBC = red blood cell
Rh = Rhesus blood factor, rhodium
RHD = rheumatic heart disease
RL = Ringer’s lactate
RLL = right lower lobe of the lung
RLQ = right lower quadrant of the abdomen
RN = registered nurse
ROM = range of motion, rupture of membranes
RUL = right upper lobe of the lung
RUQ = right upper quadrant of the abdomen
Rx = prescription
s = without
S/S = signs and symptoms
SC = subcutaneous, secretory component
SICU = surgical intensive care unit
SIDS = sudden infant death syndrome
SL = sublingual
SOB = shortness of breath
SQ = subcutaneous
ss = half
stat = immediately
STD = sexually transmitted disease
Sub Q = subcutaneous
SVT = supraventricular
SVT = supraventricular tachycardia
Sx = symptoms
sym = symptoms
tab = tablet
TB = tuberculosis
TBA = to be admitted, to be announced
tbsp = tablespoon
tech = technician, technologist
TIA = transient ischemic attack
tid = three times a day
TKO = to keep open
TPR = temperature, pulse, respeiration
tsp = teaspoon
Tx = treatment
U = unit
UA urinalysis
UE = upper extremity
URI = upper respiratory infection
USP = United States Pharmacopeia
UTI = urinary tract infection
VD = venereal disease
vol = volume
VS = vital signs
w/ = with
w/o = without
WBC = white blood cell
WNL = within normal limits
wt = weight
x = except
X2 = times two
yo = year old