### Nepali native units of measurements

for Land Area measurement

* Terai region (flatlands):

1 Dhur (धुर) = 16.93 m² = 182.25 sq.ft.

Kattha (कठ्ठा) = 20 Dhur = 338.63 m² = 3645 sq foot

1 Bigha (बिघा) = 20 kattha =  6,772.63 m² = 72,900 sq foot

1 Bigha= 13.31 Ropani (in Pahad) = 0.677 hector = 1.67 Acre (एकड)

* Hill and Mountainous region:

1 Daam (दाम) = 21.39 Sq ft = 1.985 sq m

1 Paisa  (पैसा) = 4 Daam = 85.56 Sq ft = 7.94 m²

1 Aana (आना) = 4 Paisa = 16 Daam = 342.25 sq ft = 31.79 m²

1 Ropani (रोपनी) = 16 Aana = 64 Paisa = 5476 sq feet  = 508.74 m² = 0.05 hector = 4 muri

1 Ropani = 4 Matomuri

1 Matomuri = 0.25 ropani = 0.13 hector

1 Khetmuri  = 25 Ropani

1 khet = 1.3 hector

for length measurement

1 Angul = approx. 0.75 inch

1 Dharnugrah (bow grip) = 4 Angul = 3 in

1 Dhanurmushti (fist with thumb raised) = 8 angul = 6 in

1 Vittaa (span) = 12 angul = 9 in

1 Haat = 2 Bhitta = 1.5 ft

1 Danda  = 4 Haat = 6 ft

1 Janjir = 9 Haat

1 Kos or Gorut = 2000 dand = 4000 yards = 2.25 miles = 3.7 km

1 Yojan = 4 kos = 9 miles = 14.5 km

for Grain (Dry eg Rice, Paddy) measurement

1 muthi = 1/10 mana

1 mana = 0.5682 liter = ~ 0.454kg rice (chamal) = ~  0.3 kg rough rice (dhaan)

1 kuruwa = 2 mana

1 paathi = 4 kuruwa = 8 mana  = 152 cubic inch* = 4.54596 liter (measurement act 1968)

1 muri = 20 paathi

10 muthi = 1 mana

2 mana = 1 kuruwa

4 Kuruwa = 1 pathi

20 pathi = 1 muri

for gold measurement

1 gm = 8.573 lal

1 aana = 6.25 laal

1 tola = 16 anna = 100 laal = 11.66 grams

for other weight

1 chatak = 4.5 tola = 58.31 gm

1 pau (पाउ)=  4 chatak

1 seer = 0.9331 kg (terai)

1 seet = 0.80 (hill)

1 dharni (धार्नि) =  2 bisauli (बिसौलि) = 4 bodi (बोड़ि) = 12 pau  = 2.3325 kg = 5.142 pounds  = 2½ seer

1 palla = 2 dharni = approx 5 kg

1 maund  = 37.3242 kg