English name of Nepali spices, fruits & vegetables

This is the list of spices, fruits, vegetables, lentils and cereals primarily used in Nepal or by Nepali diaspora throughout the world translated into english.


Spices and Herbs

अदुवा (Aduwa) = Ginger (sc: Zingiber officinale)
अलैची (Alaichi) = Black-Cardamom
अमला (Amala) = Goose berry
अझिना (Ajina) = Ajinomoto / Umami taste by  monosodium glutamate (MSG)
बदाम (Badaam) = Peanuts
बेसार (Besar) = Turmeric (sc: Curcuma longa)
बोझो (Bojho) = calamus/sweet flag (sc: Acorus calamus)
दाल चिनी (Daal Chini) =Cinnamon 
धनिया (दाना) (Dhaniya) = Coriander seed
धनिया (पत्ता) (Dhaniya ko patta) = Cilantro / Coriander leaves
हाडे बदाम (Hade-badaam) = Almonds
हिङ्ग (Hing) = Asafoetida
जिरा  (Jira) = Cumin
ज्वानो (Jwano) = Lovage
जाईफल (Jaifal) = Netmug
कागती (Kagati) = Lemon
काजु (Kaju) = Cashew
केसर (Kesar) = Saffron
किसमिस (Kismis) = Raisin
खोर्सानी (Khorsani) = Chilli
लसुन (Lasun) = Garlik
ल्वांग (Lwang) = Cloves
मरिच (Marich) = Black papper
मेथी (Methi) = Fenugreek (sc: Trigonella foenum-graecum)
मिश्री (Mishri) = Rock Suger/ Rock Candy
पानको पात (Paan) = Betel leaf (sc: Piper betle)
पुदिना (Padina) = Mint
प्याज (Pyaj) = Onion
प्याज को पत्ता  (Pyaj ko patta) = Scallion
सुकमेल  (Sukmel) = Green-Cardamom (sc: Elettaria cardamomum)
सुपाडी (Supadi) = Areca-nut, Betel-nut
तामा (Tama) = Bombo Soda
तेज पत्ता (Tej Patta) = Bay leaf
तील (Teel) = Seasame seed
तित्री (Titri) / इम्ली (imli) = Tamarind
तुलसी (Tulsi) = Holy basil (sc: Ocimum tenuiflorum)
सोयाबिन Soyabin, Soya wadi, nutrela (generic trademark) = Soya chunk


Fruits, vegetables:-

गाजर (Gaazar) = Carrots
मुला (Mula) = Radish
पालुङ्गो (Palungo) = Spinach
बैगुन / भन्टा (Baigun / Bhanta)= Eggplant
कुरिलो (Kurilo) = Asparagus
फर्सी (Farsi) = Pumpkin
बोडी (Bodi) = Black Eyed Peas

आलुबखडा (Aalubakhada) = Plum (dry : Prunes)
ऐंसेलु (Ainselu) = Raspberry
अमला (Amala) = Goose berry
अम्बक (Ambak / Ambaa) = Guava
अनार  (Anaar) = Pomegranate
अनारस (Anaras) = Pineapple
अंगुर (Angur) = Grapes
बयर (Bayar) = Greenberry
बेल (Bel) = Wood Apple/ Stone apple (sc:  Aegle marmelos)
हलुवाबेद (Haluwabed) = Persimmon
काफल  (Kaaphal) = Bay berry
खरबुजा (Kharbuja) = Watermelon
किम्बु (Kimbu) = Mulberry
कोला/ केरा (Kola / Kera) = Banana
मेवा (Mewa) = Papaya
नासपाती (Naspati) = Pear
स्याउ (Syau) = Apple
सुन्तला (Suntala) = Orange
तरुल (Tarul) = Yam


Lentil soups (दाल)/ Beans

Gahat (गहतको दाल) = Horse gram lentils
Mas / Kalo (कालो / मासको दाल) (urad)= Black gram bean / black lentil
Musuro / Rato (मुसुरो / रातोको दाल) = Red lentils
Rahar ko daal (रहर को दाल) (toor)= Pigeon pea
Rajma (राजमा)=Red Kidni beans


Cereal (अनाज / अन्न)

Chaamal / Dhaan (चामल / धान) = Rice / Paddy
> Cheura (च्युरा) = Beaten rice
> Murai/bhuja (भुजा / मुरी /मुरै)= Puffed rice
Gahun (गहुँ) = Wheat
Jau (जौ) = Barley
Kodo (कोदो) = Millet
Fapar (फापर)= Buckwheat
Makai (मकै)= Corn / Maize
Suji (सुजी)= Semolina

Pitho (पिठो)= Flour
Gau ko pitho = wheat flour
Makai ko Pitho = maize flour
Chamal ko pitho = Rice flour
Maida (मैदा)= refined flour/white flour/ all purpose flour(used for baking cakes, breads)



Other:-

Dahi (दहि) = Yoghurt / Curd
Amliso (अम्लिसो) = Thysanolaena maxima [used as a broom]


See also

English names of Nepali common words
Nepali words from taken loan foreign languages


Tag: Masala, Hindi, Urdu, Marathi, abadhi, bhojpuri, maithili, Kannada, Tamil, spice