English name of common Nepali food, spices, etc

This is the list of Nepali spices, vegetables, fruits, lentils, cereals etc translated into English.


Spices and Herbs

अदुवा (Aduwa) = Ginger (sc: Zingiber officinale)
अमला (Amala) = Goose berry
अझिना (Ajina) = Ajinomoto / Umami taste by  monosodium glutamate (MSG)
बेसार (Besar) = Turmeric (sc: Curcuma longa)
बोझो (Bojho) = calamus/sweet flag (sc: Acorus calamus)
बिरे नून (Bire Noon) = Black Salt
दाल चिनी (Daal Chini) =Cinnamon 
धनिया (दाना) (Dhaniya) = Coriander seed
धनिया (पत्ता) (Dhaniya ko patta) = Cilantro / Coriander leaves
हिङ्ग (Hing) = Asafoetida
जिरा  (Jira) = Cumin
ज्वानो (Jwano) = Lovage/ Ajwain /Carom Seed / Thyme
जाईफल (Jaifal) = Netmug
कागती (Kagati) = Lemon
केसर (Kesar) = Saffron
खोर्सानी (Khorsani) = Chilli
लसुन (Lasun) = Garlik
ल्वांग (Lwang) = Cloves
मरिच (Marich) = Black pepper
मेथी (Methi) = Fenugreek (sc: Trigonella foenum-graecum)
मिश्री (Mishri) = Rock Suger/ Rock Candy
पानको पात (Paan) = Betel leaf (sc: Piper betle)
पुदिना (Padina) = Mint
प्याज (Pyaj) = Onion
प्याज को पत्ता  (Pyaj ko patta) = Scallion
सुकमेल  (Sukmel) = Green-Cardamom (sc: Elettaria cardamomum)
तामा (Tama) = Bombo Soda
तेज पत्ता (Tej Patta) = Bay leaf
तील (Teel) = Seasame seed
तित्री (Titri) / इम्ली (imli) = Tamarind
टिमुर (Timur) = Red Pepper
तुलसी (Tulsi) = Holy basil (sc: Ocimum tenuiflorum)
सोयाबिन (Soyabin), Soya wadi, Nutrela® = Soya chunk


Nuts, etc:-

बदाम (Badaam) = Peanuts
हाडे बदाम (Hade-badaam) = Almonds
काजु (Kaju) = Cashew
सुपाडी (Supadi) = Areca-nut, Betel-nut
किसमिस (Kismis) = Raisin
अलैची (Alaichi) = Black-Cardamom


Fruits, vegetables:-

गाजर (Gaazar) = Carrots
मुला (Mula) = Radish
पालुङ्गो (Palungo) = Spinach
बैगुन / भन्टा (Baigun / Bhanta)= Eggplant
कुरिलो (Kurilo) = Asparagus
फर्सी (Farsi) = Pumpkin
बोडी (Bodi) = Black Eyed Peas

आलुबखडा (Aalubakhada) = Plum (dry : Prunes)
ऐंसेलु (Ainselu) = Raspberry
अमला (Amala) = Goose berry
अम्बक (Ambak / Ambaa) = Guava
अनार  (Anaar) = Pomegranate
अनारस (Anaras) = Pineapple
अंगुर (Angur) = Grapes
बयर (Bayar) = Greenberry
बेल (Bel) = Wood Apple/ Stone apple (sc:  Aegle marmelos)
हलुवाबेद (Haluwabed) = Persimmon
काफल  (Kaaphal) = Bay berry
खरबुजा (Kharbuja) = Watermelon
किम्बु (Kimbu) = Mulberry
कोला/ केरा (Kola / Kera) = Banana
मेवा (Mewa) = Papaya
नासपाती (Naspati) = Pear
स्याउ (Syau) = Apple
सुन्तला (Suntala) = Orange
तरुल (Tarul) = Yam


Lentil soups (दाल)/ Beans

Gahat (गहतको दाल) = Horse gram lentils
Mas / Kalo (कालो / मासको दाल) (urad)= Black gram bean / black lentil
Musuro / Rato (मुसुरो / रातोको दाल) = Red lentils
Rahar ko daal (रहर को दाल) (toor)= Pigeon pea
Rajma (राजमा)= Red Kidney beans


Aanaj (अनाज) /Anna (अन्न) / Cereal

Chaamal / Dhaan (चामल / धान) = Rice / Paddy
> Cheura (च्युरा) = Beaten rice
> Murai/bhuja (भुजा / मुरी /मुरै)= Puffed rice
Gahun (गहुँ) = Wheat
Jau (जौ) = Barley
Jai (जई) / Oat = Oat (similar to Barley, consumed as oatmeal, porridge, granola bar)
Kodo (कोदो) = Millet
Fapar (फापर)= Buckwheat
Makai (मकै)= Corn / Maize
Suji (सुजी)= Semolina

Pitho (पिठो)= Flour
Gau ko pitho = wheat flour
Makai ko Pitho = maize flour
Chamal ko pitho = Rice flour
Maida (मैदा)= refined flour/white flour/ all purpose flour(used for baking cakes, bread)


Ingredients:-

JalJeera = Jeera(Cumin), Pudina(mint), Dhaniya(Corrinder), BireNoon(Black Salt), AmChoor(Mango Powder)
Curry = Besar-Haldi(Turmeric), Jira (Cumin), Dhaniya (Coriander), Lasun (Garlic), Pyaj (onion)


Other:-

Amliso (अम्लिसो) = Thysanolaena maxima [used as a broom]
Dahi (दहि) = Yoghurt / Curd
Toriko Tel (तोरीको तेल)  = Mustard Oil



Phool (फूल) = Flowers

LaliGunras (लालीगुराँस) = Rhododendron [National flower of Nepal]
Sayapatri (सयपत्री) (Hi-Ur: गेंदा Gainda) = Marigold
Makhamali (मखमली) = Globe Amaranth (sc: Gomphrena globosa)
Suryamukhi (सूर्यमुखी) = Sunflower
Godavari (गोदावरी) (Hi-Ur: गुलदाउदी Gul Daudi) = chrysanthemum
Sungabha (सुनगाभा)/ Sunakhari (सुनाखरी) = Orchid
Guna-kesari (गुन केशरी) = Daffodil
Lalupate (लालुपाते) = Poinsettia
Parijat (पारिजात) = Night-flowering Jasmine
Champa (चम्पा) = Magnolia
Chameli (चमेली) = Jasmine
Babari (बाबरी) = Sweat Basil
Kamal (कमल) = Lotus
Gulab (गुलाब)= Rose


Dhaatu (धातु)/ Metal 
Khanij (खनिज )/Minerals
Tatwa (तत्व) / Element
Padartha (पदार्थ) / Material

Soon (सुन) = Gold
Chaandi (चाँदी) = Silver
Tin (टिन) (Hi-Ur: Ranga रांगा/ Bang वंग) = Tin
Tama (तामा) = Copper
Jasta (जस्ता) = Zinc
Pital (पित्तल) = Brass (Copper + Zinc)
Kaans (काँस) = Bell metal (Copper + Tin ) (type of Bronze)
* Bronze = Copper + Tin + other metals
Iispat (ईस्पात) (Hi-Ur: Faulad फ़ौलाद) = Steel
Falam (फलाम) (Hi-Ur: Loha लोहा) = Iron
Halaunge (हलुंगे) = Aluminium
Shesha (सीसा) = Lead (Pb) metal
Shesha = Glass

Heera (हीरा) = Diamond
Koila/ Koyala (कोईला) = Coal
Dhunga (ढुंगा)/ Patthar (पत्थर) = Stone, Rock

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