Dashnami people

Dashami Sanyasi (दशनामी सन्यासी) is one of the Hindu religious-cultural group. One portion of Sanyasi people lives in Nepal too. Literally, Dash (दश) means Ten in the Nepali language. Dashami includes people having 10 last names (Surnames).

It is a Hindu monastic tradition of Ekadandi sanyasis generally associated with the 'Advaita Vedanta' tradition. They are distinct in their practices from the Saiva sanyasi (Tridandi) and from Vaisnav sanyasi. The Tridandi sanyasi continues to wear Janai (the sacred thread across the shoulder) after renunciation, while Ekadandi sanyasi does not. Any Hindu, irrespective of class, caste, age, or gender can seek sanyas (सन्यास / Renunciation) as an Ekadandi monk under the Dasnami tradition.

Sri Adi Shankaracharya (788-820 AD) organized a part of the Ekadandi monks under an umbrella grouping of ten names to provide an organized base for the growth of Hinduism. Later on, these 10 groups became 10 surnames. But today many of these branches are different and not in control of Shankara Math. Some of the branches started their own tradition and beliefs during centuries.

10 Surnames of Dasnami in are:-

Giri (गिरी) (Peak of the mountain)
Puri (पुरी) (A town)
Bharathi (भारती) (the Goddess of speech)
Ban or Van (बन)   (the forest)
Tirtha (तिर्थ) (A shrine or pilgrimage)
Parvat (पर्वत) (a mountain)
Sagar (सागर) (the ocean)
Saraswati (सरस्वती) (the Goddess of learning)
Aashram (आश्रम)  (Hermitage)
Aranya (आरन्य) (forest) 


Vedanta  (वेदान्त) or Utter Mimamsa is one major school of thought in HinduismPrasthanatrayi (प्रस्थानत्रयी),  the three basic texts of Hindu philosophy, Upanishads (उपनिषदः), Brahma Sutras (ब्रह्म सूत्र) and Bhagavad Gita (श्रीमद्भगवद्गीता) are the basis of Vedanta tradition. There are at least 10 sub-school of thoughts in Vedanta tradition, of which Advaita Vedanta is one and well known.

Adi Shankaracharya (788-820 AD) is the key figure in Advaita Vedanta tradition though it was initiated way before (before 400 AD). He systematized the works of preceding philosophers. He brought all the Vedic communities together. He synthesized and rejuvenated the doctrine of Advaita.

Adi Shankaracharya established the Dashanami Sampradaya, organizing a section of the Ekadandi monks under an umbrella grouping of ten names. Several other Hindu monastic and Ekadandi traditions remained outside the organization of the Dasanamis. He organized the Hindu monastics of these ten sects under four maṭhas (मठ). Each maṭha was headed by one of his four main disciples, who each continues the Vedanta Sampradaya. All the 10 sects were assigned to the respective different maths, though any one of the sects could join any other different math.

1. Govardhana matha or Jagannatha Puri in the east  (Puri, Odisha, India) WS
     - Ban (बन), Aranya (आरन्य) 
2. Dvaraka Pitha in the west (Dwarka, Gujarat, India)
     - Tirtha (तिर्थ), Aashram (आश्रम) 
3. Jyotirmath Pitha in the north (near Badrinath, Uttarakhand, India)
     - Giri (गिरी), Parvat (पर्वत), Sagar (सागर)
4. Sringeri Sharada Peetha in the south (Chikkamagalur district, Karnataka, India) WS
     - Puri (पुरी), Saraswati (सरस्वती), Bharathi (भारती)

Gotras of Dashami

Puri, Saraswati, Bharati: Bhaveswa
Tirtha, Ashram: Adhigata
Ban, Aranya: Kashyap
Giri, Parvat, Sagar :Bhrigu

See Also
List of Gotra and Thari


  1. how are Bhardwaj related to dasnamis ?

    1. This is wrong
      Thee.r missing some gotras like

  2. My name is Bam Nath Yogi tell me my caste and gotra?

  3. My Name is Bam Nath Yogi I am belongs to shanyasi and my gotra is shiva. But why don’t you include.

    1. You are yogi, may be sanyasi, but not dasnami, hence your kaulik vriti or profession is to go to door to door to proliferate and spread dharma and also to meet days need in form of bhiksya..

    2. Athreyaw is gothraw of bharathi

  4. My Name is Bam Nath Yogi I am belongs to shanyasi and my gotra is shiva. But why don’t you include.

  5. Man how can i contact you
    Please let me know
    I got lot of things for you 🎊

    1. I am from Nepal.....mail me informations about dasnami in worldpeacewisdom@gmail.com...doing research.

  6. इन्होंने इन चारपीठों को यह वेदांत सार का गान समर्पित किया है। हैडफ़ोन लगा से सुन्ना।


  7. Giri, but kaudinya gotra ho, hmro sanyasi book mai xa, hawa post

    1. Hami ni giri ho vurasi gotra ho

    2. Vurasi gotra haena gorishi ho sayd

    3. Vurasi gotra hami NI giri ta ho

    4. Ma ni giri ho gotra bhirgu aatasya gotra ho mero......total gotra diyako chhaina

  8. What is the origin of that book?

  9. Replies
    1. Ferilagauney yogi vanera research garatw tai ho

    2. By Krishna yogi ..

  10. Yo mc nepal ka bahun chhetri le dherai thulo bann khoje x rip mc

  11. We write our sur name as Sanyashi n our gotra is Atreya bt are we giri still on confusion.

  12. I am a Dasnami researcher from Nepal.Please mail me important information about dasnami sanyas in worldpeacewisdom@gmail.com Thank you