English-Nepali Medical Terminologies

This post intends to list all medical terminologies in english and its Nepali translation if available. Use Ctrl+F or Command+F in mac to find your word.


Symptoms (Laxan, लक्षण), Vitals

Fever, pyrexia, hyperthermia: Jwaro (ज्वरो)
Headache, cephalgia: Tauko dukhnu
Pain: Dukhai (दुखाइ)
Inflammation: Sunninu (सुनिंनु) - fulnu
Edema/Swelling: Sunninu (सुनिनु)
Infection: Sankraman (संक्रमण)
Allergy/Anaphylaxis: Allergy (एलर्जी)
Wound/Ulceration/Erosion: Ghaau (घाउ)
Abscess/Suppuration/Pus collection: Peep jamma hunu (पीप जम्मा हुनु)
Effusion: Paani jamma hunu (पानी जम्मा हुनु)
Tumor/Growth/Papilloma: Gaantho/Girkho (गांठो/गिर्खो)
Cyst, Blister: Foka (फोका), Bimira
Infarction/Necrosis/Gangrene: Marnu (मर्नु)
Acute: Tibra (तीव्र)
Chronic: Purano (पुरानो), Dirg rog (दीर्घ रोग)
Jaundice/Yellowish: Pahelo (पहेलो), Pahelpitt (पहेल पित्त)
Pallor: Fikka (फिक्का)
Itching/pruritus: Chilaunu (चिलाउनु)
Discharge: Fohor paani (फोहोर पानी)

VITALS (BP, Pul, Resp, O2, Temp)

Hypertension: High blood pressure
Hypotension: low blood pressure

Tachycardia: fast heartbeat
Bradycardia: slower heart rate

Tachypnea: abnormally fast breathing
Bradypnea: abnormally slow breathing rate
Hyperventilation: increased respiration
Hypoventilation: decreased respiration

hypoxemia : lack of O2 in blood
hypoxia: lack of enough O2 in tissue to sustain its function

Pyrexia: fever
Hypothermia: low body temperature
Hyperthermia: high body temperature

Other
Cephalgia: headache
Vertigo: Dizziness
Nausea: urge to vomit
Syncope : fainting or passing out
Diaphoresis, Perspiration: sweating
Hyperhidrosis : abnormally excessive sweating

Polyphagia: increased apatite
Anorexia : lack of appetite of food
Polydipsia: increased thirst
Adipsia, hypodipsia: decreased or no thirst
Polyuria: increased urination
Oliguria: low urination
Dyspepsia: upset stomach, indigestion
Ascites: abdominal swelling caused by too much fluid

Hemorrhage: blood from broken blood vessel inside or outside of body
Hematuria : blood in urine
Hemoptysis: blood in sputum
Hematochezia: rectal bleeding, often blood in stool
Hematospermia: blood in semen
Hematemesis: blood in vomiting

Dysarthria: loss of control in speak muscle resulting slurred speech
Euphoria:  extremely positive or exaggerated sense of happiness or well being
Insomnia: inadequate sleep
Hypersomnia: oversleeping

Halitosis: bad breath
Xerosis, xeroderma: dry skin
Erythema: redness on skin
Edematous: swelling
pallor : pale appearance

Alopecia: loss of hair
Hypotrochosis: Absence of hair
Hypertrichosis: Excessive growth of hair
Paronychia: Nail infection or disorder


Relevant words

Etiology/Cause: Kaaran (कारण)
Congenital: Janmajaat (जन्मजात)
Hereditary: Bangshanu-gat (वंशानुगत)
Medicine: Ausadhi (औषधी), Dabaii (दबाई), Okhati
Needle: Suii (सुई)
Surgery: Shalyakriya (शल्यक्रिया), Operation (अपरेसन)
Incision/Excision: Chirne (चिर्ने)
Radiotherapy: Sekne (सेक्ने)
Cast/Slab: Plaster/Dhalaan (प्लास्टर/ढलान)
Agaadi (अगाडि) = Anterior/Ventral
Pachhaadi (पछाडी) = Posterior/Dorsal
Bhitri (भित्री) = Medial/Inner
Baahiri (बाहिरी) = Lateral/Outer
Microorganism: Jibaanu/Bisaanu (जीवाणु/विषाणु)
Cell: Koshika (कोसिका)


Gastrointestinal system (Digestive) / पाचन प्रणाली

Acidity: Amla-pitta (अम्लपित्त )
Indigestion: Ajirna/Apach (अजिर्ण/अपच्)
Belching: Dakar (डकार)
Constipation: Kabjiyat (कब्जियत)
Diarrhea: Pakhaala (पखाला)
Vomit: Baanta garnu (बान्ता गर्नु)
Nausea: Wakwaki lagnu (वाकवाकी लाग्नु)
GERD, Acute Gastritis: Gastric (ग्यास्ट्रिक)
Gastric, Duodenal ulcer: Petko ulcer (पेटको अल्सर)
Achalasia - Nilna garo hune rog (निल्न गारो हुने रोग)  rare
Hernia: Hernia (हर्निया)
Ascariasis/Worm infestation: Juka (जुका)
Piles: (पाइल्स)
Cholera: Haija (हैजा)
Malnutrition: Kuposhan (कुपोषण)
Jaundice: Kamalpitta/Pandurog (कमलपित्त/पान्डुरोग)
Hepatitis (हेपाटाईटिस - कलेजो सुन्निनु )
Cirrhosis (सिरोसिस)
Liver abscesses (कलेजोमा घाउ)
Liver transplant (कलेजो प्रत्यारोपण)
Liver cancer (कलेजोमा  क्यान्सर)
Hepatic encephalopathy (कलेजोको कारणले हुने मस्तिस्क रोग)
Cholecystitis (पित्तथैली सुन्निनु)
Acute pancreatitis (प्यांक्रियाज  सुन्निनु)
Pancreatic cancer  (प्यांक्रियाजमा  क्यान्सर)



Integumentary system

Epidermis
- Stratum corneum
- Stratum lucidum
- Stratum granulosum
- Stratum spinosum
- Stratum basale (melanocyte)
- sweat pore

Dermis
- Connective tissues (collagen and elastin)
- Blood capillaries (the smallest of blood vessels) and other small vessels
- Lymph vessels
- Sweat glands duct
- Sebaceous/oil glands
- Nerve endings
- Touch receptors
- Hair follicle (there are about 2 million hair follicles in the body)

Hypodermis/ subcutaneous layer/ superficial fascia
- Adipose tissue (storage site for body fat)
- Blood vessels (arteriole, venule)



Circulatory system & Hematology

Blood anatomy/ Hematology

1. Plasma (~55%) [liquid] *Cerum is Plasma without fibrinogen
- 90% water
- 8% protein: Albumin (bleeding), Antibody, fibrinogen (clotting), etc
- 2% Hormones (Insulin), Electrolytes (eg Na, K), nutrients (Glucose)

2. WBC/ leukocyte & platelets (<1%) [fights infection]
- neutrophil 55-70% of WBC, life >1 day.
- T-lymphocyte  [ attack infected cells]
- B-lymphocyte  [make antibody]

Platelets /thrombocytes (fragments of cells helps in blood clotting)
- Thrombocytopenia : low platelets, bleeding
- Thrombocytosis: hight platelets, clotting

3. RBC/ erythrocytes (~45 %):
- protein (hemoglobin) [deliver O2 and nutrients]
- Hematocrit = RBC volume/ Total volume [high hematocrit : polycythemia, low hematocrit= anemia]

*7-8% of total body weight is blood, average male las 12 pint blood in body, women has 9 pint
*Centrifuge machine, fast spinning doing centrifugation, divides blood by weight in 3 layers, top layer least densed
*erythropoietin hormone produced by Kidney controls production of RBC
*RBC survives approximately 120 days

Circulatory system


Internal BODY PARTS  (शरीर भित्रका अंगहरु - bhitra)

Skeletal (Astipanjar, अस्तिपंजर)
Respiration (Swasprashwas, स्वासप्रश्वास)
Nervous (Snayau, स्नायु)
Digestion (Paachan, पाचन)
Reproduction (Prajanan, प्रजनन)
Gland (ग्रन्थि)
Joint  = Jorni (जोर्नी)
Maasu (मासु), Manspesi (मांसपेसी) = Muscle
Chhaalaa (छाला) = Skin
Haddi (हड्डी) = Bone
Ragat (रगत) = Blood
Bones (हड्डी)
Blood vessels (Nasaa, नशा):Arteries (धमनी), Vains (शिरा)

Skull (खप्पर)
Heart (मुटु)
Lungs (फोक्सो),
Respiratory tract (स्वशनली)
Susumna (सुषुंना) = Spinal Cord
Pharynx (निल्ने घाँटी)
Esophagus (खाना नली)
Stomach (pet, पेट)
Small Intestine (सानो आन्द्रा)
Large Intestine (ठुलो आन्द्रा)
Anus (गुदा)
Liver (कलेजो, जिगर)
Pancreas (प्यांगक्रियाज)
Gallbladder (पित्ताशय)
Kidney (मृगौला)
Urethra (मूत्रमार्ग)
Uterus (गर्भाशय)
Testicles (गेडा, अन्डकोष)
Penis  (लिंग)

External Body Parts  = Sharir ka Anga - Bahira

Tauko (टाउको) = Head
Kapaal (कपाल) = Hair
Anuhaar (अनुहार) = Face
Nidhar (निधार)= Forehead
Aankha (आँखा)= Eye
Aankha ko Naani (आखाको नानी) =  Pupil
Aankha ko pardaa (आखाको पर्दा) = Retina
Kaan (कान)= Ear
Naak (नाक)= Nose
Mukh  (मुख)= Mouth
Oth (ओथ) = Lip
Jibro (जिब्रो) = Tongue
Daant (दाँत) = Teeth
Gija (गिजा) = Gums
Ghanti (घाँटी) = Neck
Galaa (गला) = Throat
Kantha/Swortantra (कण्ठ/स्वरतन्त्र) = Larynx
Rudraghanti / Kilkile = Adam's Apple  (Uvula, Tonsil)

Jiuu = Trunk/Torso
Chhati (छाती)= Chest
Stan (स्तन)= Brest
Dudhko munta (दूधको मुन्टा) = Nipple
Bhundi/ Pet (पेट) = Stomach , Abdomen
Dhaad/Peeth  (धाद)= Back
Merudanda (मेरुदण्ड) = Spine
Naaito (नाइटो) = Umbilicus
Kammar (कमर), Nitamba (नितम्ब)  = Wasit, Hip
Kamar ra tighra bichko bhaag (कमर र तिध्रा बिचको भाग) = Groin
Linga (लिंग)= Penis
Anda (अन्डा) = Testis/Ovary
Yoni  (योनि)= Vegina
Mutradwar (मुत्रद्वार) = Urethral opening
Chaak = Butt chick
Maladwar/Guda (मलद्वार/गुदा) = Anus

Haat (हात) = Hand , Upper limb
Kum/Kaandh (कुम/काँध) = Shoulder
Pakhura = Arm
Kuhino (कुहिनो) = Elbow
Naadi  (नाडी)= Wrist
Hatkela (हत्केला) = Palm
Muthi = Fist
Aunla (औंला) = Finger
Nang (नङ्ग) = Nail
Thumb: Budhi aunla (बूढी औंला)
1st/pointing finger: Chor aunla (चोर औंला)
Little/fifth finger: Kaanchi aunla (कान्छी औंला)
Khutta (खुट्टा) / Goda (गोडा) = Feet / Lower Limb
Tighra  (तिध्रा)= Thigh
Ghunda (घुंडा) = Knee
Pinaula (पिंडौला) = Calf
Goligantho = Ankle
Kurkuchha = Heel
Paitala (पैताला) = Sole
Aunla (औंला) = finger/toe
Digit = fingers or toe (eg: digit of foot is toe)
Limbs = haat (hand), khutta (leg), pakheta (wings)


Body Parts 
Oculo = Eye
Opto/ Optico = Vision
Naso = Nose
Rhino = nose rhinitis
Stomato/ Oro = mouth (stomatitis)
Glosso = Tongue
Dento = teeth dentist
Glosso/linguo = tongue glossitis, lingual nerve
Gingivo = gums gingivitis
Encephalo = brain encephalitis
Gnatho = Jaw
Genio = Chin
Tricho = Hair (Trichologist= Hair doctor)

Abdomino = Abdomin
Adeno = Gland
Masto/mammo = breast (mammography=breast x-ray)
Stetho = Chest (Stethescope = instrument to observe chest) 
Gastro = stomach (gastritis = stomach lining inflammation)
Entero = intestine (Enteroscopy = procedure to view intestine)
Colo = large intestine (colitis = colon inflammation)
Chole= bile, gall (Cholecystitis= gallbladder inflammation)
Procto = anus/rectum proctitis, proctologist
Hepato = liver hepatitis, hepatomegaly
Nephro/rene = kidney nephrosis, renal artery
Pneumo/pulmo = lung pneumonitis, pulmonologist
Appendo/Appendico = Appendix
Cardio = heart (electrocardiogram-ECG= record of heart's electric activity)
Spino = Spine
Orchido = testis orchiditis, orchidectomy
Oophoro = ovary oophorectomy
Hystero/metro =uterus hysterectomy, endometritis
Salpingo = uterine tubes hysterosalpingogram
Cysto = bladder cystitis
Colpo = vegina (colpostopy= closely examining vegina)
Phallo = Penis (phalloplasty= reconstruction of penis)
Ano = Anus

Chiro = hand (Chiropractic =adjustment with hand)
Podo = Foot (podiatrist = foot doctor)
Dactylo =  finger, toes
Unguo = Nail

Dermo = skin (dermatitis)
Osteo = bones (osteoporosis)
Phlebo/veno = veins (phlebitis, phlebotomy)
Hemo/emia = blood (hematologist, anemia)
Myo = muscle (Myopathy=muscle disease)
Arthro / articulo = Joint
Artero/Arterio = Artery




Other Links
* https://medchrome.com/extras/english-to-nepali-medical-dictionary/

No comments:

Post a Comment