English-Nepali Medical Terminologies

This post intends to list medical terminologies in English and its respective Nepali translation. Use Ctrl+F or Command+F in mac to find your word.

Symptoms (Laxan, लक्षण), Vitals

Fever, pyrexia, hyperthermia: Jwaro (ज्वरो)
Headache, cephalgia: Tauko dukhnu (टाउको दुख्नु)
Pain: Dukhai (दुखाइ)
Inflammation/Edema/Swelling: Sunninu/fulnu (सुन्निनु) 
Infection: Sankraman (संक्रमण)
Allergy/Anaphylaxis: Allergy (एलर्जी)
Wound/Ulceration/Erosion: Ghaau (घाउ)
Abscess/Suppuration/Pus collection: Peep jamma hunu (पीप जम्मा हुनु)
Effusion: Paani jamma hunu (पानी जम्मा हुनु)
Tumor/Growth/Papilloma: Gaantho/Girkho (गांठो/गिर्खो)
Cyst, Blister: Foka (फोका), Bimira (बिमिरा)
Infarction/Necrosis/Gangrene: Marnu (मर्नु)
Acute: Tibra (तीव्र)
Chronic: Purano (पुरानो), Dirg rog (दीर्घ रोग)
Jaundice/Yellowish: Pahelo (पहेलो), Pahelpitt (पहेल पित्त)
Pallor: Fikka (फिक्का)
Itching/pruritus: Chilaunu (चिलाउनु)
Discharge: Fohor paani (फोहोर पानी)
Vertigo: Dizziness (चक्कर आउनु)
Nausea: urge to vomit (वाकवाकी लाग्नु)
Syncope/ Unconscious: fainting or passing out (बेहोश हुनु)
Diaphoresis, Perspiration: sweating (पसिना आउनु)
Hyperhidrosis: abnormally excessive sweating (अति धेरै पसिना आउनु)

VITALS (BP, Pul, Resp, O2, Temp)

Hypertension: High blood pressure
Hypotension: low blood pressure

Tachycardia: fast heartbeat
Bradycardia: slower heart rate

Tachypnea: abnormally fast breathing
Bradypnea: abnormally slow breathing rate
Hyperventilation: increased respiration
Hypoventilation: decreased respiration

hypoxemia: lack of O2 in blood
hypoxia: lack of enough O2 in tissue to sustain its function

Pyrexia: fever
Hypothermia: low body temperature
Hyperthermia: high body temperature

Other

Polyphagia: increased apatite
Anorexia: lack of appetite of food
Polydipsia: increased thirst
Adipsia, hypodipsia: decreased or no thirst
Polyuria: increased urination
Oliguria: low urination
Dyspepsia: upset stomach, indigestion
Ascites: abdominal swelling caused by too much fluid

Hemorrhage: blood from broken blood vessel inside or outside of the body
Hematuria: blood in the urine: pisab ma khoon
Hemoptysis: blood in sputum
Hematochezia: rectal bleeding, often blood in the stool
Hematospermia: blood in semen
Hematemesis: blood in vomiting

Dysarthria: loss of control in speak muscle resulting slurred speech
Euphoria: an extremely positive or exaggerated sense of happiness or well being
Insomnia: inadequate sleep
Hypersomnia: oversleeping

Halitosis: bad breath
Xerosis, xeroderma: dry skin
Erythema: redness on the skin
Edematous: swelling
pallor: pale appearance

Alopecia: Loss of hair
Hypotrichosis: Absence of hair
Hypertrichosis: Excessive growth of hair
Paronychia: Nail infection or disorder

Relevant words

Etiology/Cause: Kaaran (कारण)
Congenital: Janmajaat (जन्मजात)
Hereditary: Bangshanu-gat (वंशानुगत)
Medicine: Ausadhi (औषधी), Dabaii (दबाई), Okhati
Needle: Suii (सुई)
Surgery: Shalyakriya (शल्यक्रिया), Operation (अपरेसन)
Incision/Excision: Chirne (चिर्ने)
Radiotherapy: Sekne (सेक्ने)
Cast/Slab: Plaster/Dhalaan (प्लास्टर/ढलान)
Anterior/Ventral/Frontal: Agaadi (अगाडि)
Posterior/Dorsal/ Back: Pachhaadi (पछाडी)
Medial/Inner: Bhitri (भित्री)
Lateral/Outer: Baahiri (बाहिरी)
Microorganism: Jibaanu (जीवाणु)/ Bisaanu (विषाणु)
Cell: Koshika (कोसिका)


Gastrointestinal system (Digestive) / पाचन प्रणाली

Acidity: Amla-pitta (अम्लपित्त )
Indigestion: Ajirna/Apach (अजिर्ण/अपच्)
Belching: Dakar (डकार)
Constipation: Kabjiyat (कब्जियत)
Diarrhea: Pakhaala (पखाला)
Vomit: Baanta garnu (बान्ता गर्नु)
Nausea: Wakwaki lagnu (वाकवाकी लाग्नु)
GERD, Acute Gastritis: Gastric (ग्यास्ट्रिक)
Gastric, Duodenal ulcer: Petko ulcer (पेटको अल्सर)
Achalasia - Nilna garo hune rog (निल्न गारो हुने रोग)  rare
Hernia: Hernia (हर्निया)
Ascariasis/Worm infestation: Juka (जुका)
Piles: (पाइल्स)
Cholera: Haija (हैजा)
Malnutrition: Kuposhan (कुपोषण)
Jaundice: Kamalpitta/Pandurog (कमलपित्त/पान्डुरोग)
Hepatitis (हेपाटाईटिस - कलेजो सुन्निनु )
Cirrhosis (सिरोसिस)
Liver abscesses (कलेजोमा घाउ)
Liver transplant (कलेजो प्रत्यारोपण)
Liver cancer (कलेजोमा  क्यान्सर)
Hepatic encephalopathy (कलेजोको कारणले हुने मस्तिस्क रोग)
Cholecystitis (पित्तथैली सुन्निनु)
Acute pancreatitis (प्यांक्रियाज  सुन्निनु)
Pancreatic cancer  (प्यांक्रियाजमा  क्यान्सर)



Internal BODY PARTS  (शरीर भित्रका अंगहरु - bhitra)

Skeletal: Astipanjar (अस्तिपंजर)
Respiration: Swasprashwas (स्वासप्रश्वास)
Nervous: Snayau (स्नायु)
Digestion: Paachan (पाचन)
Reproduction: Prajanan (प्रजनन)
Gland: Granthi (ग्रन्थि)
Joint: Jorni (जोर्नी)
Muscle: Maasu (मासु), Manspesi (मांसपेसी)
Skin: Chhaalaa (छाला)
Bone: Haddi (हड्डी)
Blood: Ragat (रगत)
Blood vessels: Nasaa (नशा): [Arteries (धमनी), Vains (शिरा)]

Skull: Khappar(खप्पर)
Heart: Mutu (मुटु)
Lungs: Fokso (फोक्सो)
Respiratory tract: Swasnali (स्वशनली)
Spinal Cord: Susumna (सुषुंना) 
Pharynx: Nilne Ghati (निल्ने घाँटी)
Esophagus: Khana Nali (खाना नली)
Stomach:  Pet (पेट)
Small Intestine: Sano Aandra (सानो आन्द्रा)
Large Intestine: Thulo Aandra (ठुलो आन्द्रा)
Anus: Gudaa (गुदा)
Liver: Kalego (कलेजो) [Hi:जिगर]
Pancreas: Agnyashaya (अग्न्याशय)
Gallbladder: Pittathali (पित्तथैली), पित्ताशय
Kidney: Mrugaula (मृगौला)
Urethra: Mutra-marga (मूत्रमार्ग)
Uterus: Garbhashaya (गर्भाशय)
Testicles: Andakosh (अन्डकोष), Geda (गेडा)
Penis: Linga (लिंग)

External Body Parts  = Sharir ka Anga - Bahira

Head: Tauko (टाउको)
Hair: Kapaal (कपाल)
Face: Anuhaar (अनुहार)
Forehead: Nidhar (निधार)
Eye: Aankha (आँखा)
-Pupul: Aankha ko Naani (आखाको नानी)
-Retina: Aankha ko pardaa (आखाको पर्दा)
Ear: Kaan (कान)
Nose: Naak (नाक)
Mouth: Mukh (मुख)
Lip: Oth (ओथ)
Tongue: Jibro (जिब्रो) 
Teeth: Daant (दाँत)
Gums: Gija (गिजा)
Neck: Ghanti (घाँटी)
Throat: Galaa (गला)
Larynx: Kantha (कण्ठ)/Swortantra (स्वरतन्त्र) 
Adam's Apple  (Uvula, Tonsil): Rudraghanti(रुद्रघन्टी) / Kilkile (किलकिले)

Trunk/Torso: Jiuu (जिउ)
Chest: Chhati (छाती)
Breast: Stan (स्तन)
-Nipple: Dudhko munta (दूधको मुन्टा)
Stomach, Abdomen: Bhundi/ Pet (पेट)
Back: Dhaad (ढाड) /Peeth (पिठ्युँ)
Spine: Merudanda (मेरुदण्ड)
Umbilicus/ belly button = Naaito (नाइटो)
Waist: Kammar (कमर), 
Hip: Nitamba (नितम्ब)
Gorin Kamar ra tighra bichko bhaag (कमर र तिध्रा बिचको भाग)
Penis: Linga (लिंग)
Testis/Ovary: Anda (अन्डा)
Vegina: Yoni (योनि)
Urethral opening: Mutradwar (मुत्रद्वार)
Butt chick: Chaak
Anus: Maladwar (मलद्वार)/ Guda (गुदा) 

Hand, Upper limb: Haat (हात)
Shoulder: Kum (कुम)/ Kaandh (काँध)
Arm: Pakhura (पाखुरा)
Elbow: Kuhino (कुहिनो)
Wrist: Naadi (नाडी)
Palm: Hatkela (हत्केला)
Fist: Muthi (मुठी)
Finger: Aunla (औंला)
Nail: Nang (नङ्ग)
Thumb: Budhi Aunla (बूढी औंला)
1st/pointing finger: Chor Aunla (चोर औंला)
Little/fifth finger: Kaanchi Aunla (कान्छी औंला)
Feet/ Lower Limb: Khutta (खुट्टा) / Goda (गोडा)
Thigh: Tighra (तिध्रा)
Knee: Ghunda (घुंडा)
Claf: Pinaula (पिंडौला)
Ankle: Goligantho (गोलिगाँठो)
Heel: Kurkuchha (कुर्कुच्चा)
Sole: Paitala (पैताला)
Finger/Toe: Aunla (औंला)
Digit (fingers or toe) (eg: digit of the foot is toe)
Limbs: haat (hand), khutta (leg), pakheta (wings)

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