Bahun People

Bahun (बाहुन) is one of the ethnic group in Nepal. The word Bahun is colloquial word for Nepali hills Brahmana (ब्राह्मण) of Khas origin. Its translated as Brahmin in English.

In Nepal, there are also two other small Brahman groups. Newar people from Kathmandu valley and Madheshi people from Terai plains also have their own Brahmin caste. But they are not generally called "Bahun" like Khas-bahun.


Literally Sanskrit world Brahman (ब्रह्मन्) means the ultimate reality which does not change at and beyond the world. Whereas Brahmin (ब्राह्मण) is a person who understands ultimate reality and the god. It is said that in ancient Hindu Varna System (हिन्दू वर्ण व्यवस्था) people used to be categorized in to different caste according to their personal characteristics, conduct and spiritual development. Brahmins were expected to be intellectual, civilized and elegant. All intellectuals, teachers, priests, scientists, philosophers who has such qualities used to be categorized as Brahmin.  But when Verna System changed into Caste System (जति प्रथा) everything messed up. In caste system people are categorized according to their birth not by their character. 


According to 2011 Census 12.2% (3.2 millions) of population are Bahun in Nepal. Bahun itself is categorized into two parts : Purbiya (eastern) and Kumai; whereas both of them are further categorized into Upadhaya and Jaisi sub-caste.

Jaisi Bahun:- Jaisi bahun are another form of Nepali brahimn caste. Traditionally Jaisi bahuns are not permitted to do the vedic karmakand but can practice jyotish shastra and be readers of puran. All of Jaisis are ultimately originated from Upadhaya. Due to some reasons they were changed (degraded ?) to Jaisis from the lineage. Some cases when the descendants changed to be Jaisis were (a) children of a Upadhaya bahun and a widow woman (b) children from a marriage not following proper ritual (Unkanyadan marriages) eg. eloping with a lover etc. Children of a Jaisi couple are also considered to be Jaisi.

Nepali Bhraman people of other race:-
* Madheshi/Mithila Brahmin (मधेसी बाहुन) : (कायस्थ, नुराङ र राजपुत) [Mahottari & Dhanusha districts]
* Newar Brahmin : Deo Brahmin (Rajopadhyaya), Maithil Brahmin (Jha, Mishra, Bhatta)

Indian Brahmin culture:-
There are two groups of brahmins in India having 5 different brahmins cluster in each group. The northern group of brahmins is known as Pancha-Gauda and southern is known as Pancha-Dravida.

Pancha-Gauda:- * Gauda * Kannaujia (central India) * Maithila (Bihar-India & Madhesh-Nepal) * Utkala (Orissa) * Saraswat Brahmin
Pancha-Dravida:- * Gurjara (Gujarati) * Maharashtraka (Maharashtrian) * Karnataka (Kannada) * Talianga (Telugu)  * Dravida (Tamil Nadu and Kerala)

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List of Purbiya Bahun Last names :- (for detail click here)

Acharya (आचार्य), Adhikari (अधिकारी), Baral (बराल), Banskota (बाँस्कोटा), Banstola (बाँस्तोला), Bhandari (भण्डारी), Bhattarai (भट्टराई), Chaulagai (चम्लागाईं), Chapagain (चापागाईं), Dahal (दाहाल), Devkota (देवकोटा), Dhungel (ढुंगेल), Ghimire (घिमिरे), Guragain (गुरागाईं), Humagain (हुमागाईं), Khanal (खनाल), Koirala (कोइराला), Lamsal (लम्साल), Nepal (नेपाल), Pokharel (पोखरेल), Poudel (पौडेल), Rijal (रिजाल), Sigdel (सिग्देल), Sanjel (संजेल)

List of Kumai Bahun Last Names :-

Awasthi (अवस्थी), Bhatta (भट्ट), Bhetwal (भेटुवाल), Bista (बिष्ट), Chiluwal (चिलुवाल), Gyawali (ज्ञवाली), Joshi  (जोशी), Kadel/Kandel (कंडेल/कडेल), Kharel (खरेल), Lohani (लोहोनी), Mainali (मैनाली), Oli (ओली), Pandey (पाँडे/पाण्डे), Paneru (पनेरु), Panta (पन्त), Pathak (पाठक), Prasai (प्रसाईं), Regmi (रेग्मी), Sangraula (संग्रौला), Sedhai (सेढाई), Shiwakoti/siwakoti (शिवाकोटी), Simkhada (सिम्खडा), Sitaula (सिटौला), Thapaliya (थपलिया), Upreti (उप्रेती)



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Notable Bahun people:-

* Former PMs: BP Koirala (1914-1982), Girija Prasad Koirala, Krishna Prasad Bhattarai, Puspakamal Dahal (Prachanda), Baburam Bhattarai, Madhav Nepal, Jhala Nath Khanal, Khil Raj Regmi (also Chief Justice)
* Literature: Laxmi Prasad Devkota, Bhanu Bhakta Acharya
* Flims: Manisha Koirala, Hari Bansa Acharya
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See Also :
  1. Bahun Surnames (List and detail)
  2. Kumai
  3. Chhettri
  4. Thakuri 
  5. Dashnami Sanyasi
  6. List of Gotra & Thari
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External link:-
http://gopalakri.blogspot.com/2013_01_17_archive.html

Tags: nepali brahmin surnames list