Newar people

Newars are the people native to Kathmandu valley. Their native language is "Nepal Bhasha" aka "Newari". However, being the national language of Nepal "Nepali Language" is also spoken by almost all Newar people sometimes as a second language and sometimes as the first language. Most Newar people believe in Hinduism and according to Hindu systems, they are categorized into different caste and clans. Newar population in Nepal is almost 1.3 million which accounts for almost 5.5% of the total population of Nepal. 

List of Newar caste and surnames:-

CasteTraditional occupationsurnames
Deo BrahmanHindu priestsRajopadhyaya
Shrestha (Chhathariya)Royal family, nobles, and courtiersJoshi, Malla, Pradhananga, Pradhan, Rajbhandari, Amatya, Vaidya, Maskey, Kayastha, Rajvanshi, Patrabansh, Mathema, Lakhey, Hada, Karmacharya, Guruvacharya
Shrestha (Panchthariya)Administrators, traders, and merchantsShrestha, Mulmi, Madhikarmi (Halwai), Bhaju, Kakchapati, Nyachhyon, Nagarkoti, Sivacharya, Mulmi, Madhikarmi (Halwai), Bhaju, Kakchapati, Nyachhyon, Nagarkoti, Sivacharya, etc.
GubhajuBuddhist priestsVajracharya, and Bare - Shakya, Bhikshu, Gurju
Uray, UdaasTraders and merchants, CraftsmenTuladhar, Bania, Sikarmi (Sthapit), Awa, Tamrakar, Kansakar, Sikhrakar, Sindurakar, Rajkarnikar, Halwai, SIlakar
JyapuFarmersMaharjan, Dangol, Singh, Suwal, Desar, Rajbahak, Kumhal, Prajapati, Kumah, Awale, Awal, Shilpakar, Ka:mi, Pahari
SayamiOilpressersManandhar, Sayami
KhusaPalanquin bearersTandukar
NauBarbersNapit
KauBlacksmithsNaka:mi
BhaFuneral dutiesKaranjit, Bha
GathuGardenersBammala, Mali, Malakar
TepeCultivatorsByanjankara, Tepe
PunPaintersChitrakar
DuhimCarriersPutwar, Dali
BalamiFieldworkersBalami
PuluFuneral torchbearersPulu
CipaDyersRanjitkar, Ranjit
JugiMusicians and tailorsDarshandhari, Kusle, Kapali
NayeButchers and musiciansKhadgi, Shahi
KuluDrum-makers and cobblersKulu
PodeFishermen, sweepersPode, Deola, Pujari, Nepali
ChamiSweepersChyame, Chamkhalak
HalahuluSweepersHalahulu



Newar Vs Maithili/Madheshi
In 1097 AD King Nanya Dev of the Karnat dynasty established his kingdom in the Mithila region (Tirahut). The center of the kingdom was Simraungadh (सिम्रौनगढ) which is now located in Bara district, South Central Nepal. 1324 AD. When the last king Harisingh Dev was defeated by Delhi Sultan Gayasudin Tuglak (ग़ियास सुद्दीन तुग़लुक़), King Hari Singh left for Kathmandu with the statue of Taleju Bhawani.  Though he died on Hariharpur Gadhi (present-day Sindhuli district) is family went to Kathmandu Temples of Taleju Bhawani in Kathmandu, Lalitpur, and Bhaktapur districts are believed to be linked with the Mithila Kingdom. Many Maithili brahmins also migrated to Kathmandu valley during that period and afterward. During centuries of their residence in Kathmandu, they mixed up with the native people of the valley. Today, some of the Newar brahmin castes like Jha, Mishra, and Bhatta are believed to be originated from Maithili.


Notable Newar people:-

Sankhadhar Sakhwa (879 AD) philanthropist, related to Nepal Sambat
Shukra Raj Shastri (1894-1941), Freedom Fighter, Martyr
Gangalal Shrestha (1919-1941), Freedom Fighter, Martyr
Dharma Bhakta Mathema (1908-1941), Freedom Fighter, Martyr
Ganesh Man Singh (1915-1997) Freedom Fighter, Leader of Nepali Congress
Pushpa Lal Shrestha (1924-1978), Founder of Communist Party of Nepal
Marich Man Shrestha (1942-2013) Ex. Prime Minister
Sahana Pradhan (1927-2014), Leader of CPN-ML, Ex. Deputy PM
Hisila Yami (b.1959), Leader, Ex. Minister

Siddhicharan Shrestha (1912-1992), Poet, aka Yug Kavi
Satya Mohan Joshi (b.1920), Scholar of history and culture
Narayan Gopal (1939-1990), Singer, aka Swar Samrat
Tara Devi (1945-2006), Singer, aka Swar Samragi
Fattehman Singh Rajbhandari, Singer
Prem Dhwaj Pradhan (b.1938), Singer
Madan Krishna Shrestha (b.1950), Actor
Shiva Shrestha, Actor
Karishma Manandhar (b.1971), Actress



See Also 



Tags: List of Newar Caste & Surnames

10 comments:

  1. We are acharju newar but it is not mentioned here

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  2. We are Acharju Newar but it is not mentioned here and our gotra is Upamanya

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    Replies
    1. Now a days Achajus are known as Karmacharya.

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  3. Are you belonging upamanyu gotra aasma acharju ?? I have some problem to find brotherhood so may I get help from you? And I m from upamanyu gotra.

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    Replies
    1. Newar people can wear janeu thread

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    2. Yes exactly newar people can wear janai too so let me know brotherhood

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  4. Newar people can wear janeu thredt

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    Replies
    1. हाे । दिक्षित कर्माचार्य र जाेशीहरूले जनै धारणा गर्छन् ।

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  5. I m seeking my brotherhood so try to help me ,I m belonging to upamanyu gotra’s newar n my grandfather’s father use to wear janai so plz do help me well con 9825198726

    ReplyDelete