Newar people

Newar are the people native to Kathmandu valley. Their native language is "Nepal Bhasha" aka "Newari". However being the national language of Nepal "Nepali Language" is also spoken by almost all Newar people sometime as a second language and sometime even as the first language. Most of Newar people believe in Hinduism and according to Hindu systems they are categorized into different caste and clans.

Newar population in Nepal is almost 1.3 million which accounts almost 5.5% of total population of Nepal. But despite of having small population, Newar people have great impact in Nepali society.

Newar Vs Maithili/Madheshi
In 1097 AD King Nanya Dev of Karnat dynasty established his kingdom in Mithila region (Tirahut). The center of the kingdom was Simraungadh (सिम्रौनगढ) which is now located in Bara district, South Central Nepal. 1324 AD. When the last king Harisingh Dev was defeated by Delhi Sultan Gayasudin Tuglak (ग़ियास सुद्दीन तुग़लुक़), he escaped from Simraungarh to Kathmandu valley with the statue of Taleju Bhawani. Temples of Taleju Bhawani in Kathmandu, Lalitpur and Bhaktapur districts are believed to be linked with Mithila Kingdom. Many maithili brahmins also migrated to Kathmandu valley during that period and afterwards. During centuries of their residence in Kathmandu they mixed up with the native people of the valley. Today newar brahmin caste Jha, Mishra and Bhatta are believed to be originated from Maithila.

List of Newar caste and surnames:-

CasteTraditional occupationsurnames
Deo BrahmanHindu priestsRajopadhyaya
Maithil BrahminHindu priestsJha, Mishra, Bhatta
Shrestha (Chhathariya)Royal family, nobles and courtiersJoshi, Malla, Pradhananga, Pradhan, Rajbhandari, Amatya, Vaidya, Maskey, Kayastha, Rajvanshi, Patrabansh, Mathema, Lakhey,Hada, Karmacharya, Guruvacharya
Shrestha (Panchthariya)Administrators, traders and merchantsShrestha, Mulmi, Madhikarmi (Halwai), Bhaju, Kakchapati, Nyachhyon, Nagarkoti, Sivacharya, Mulmi, Madhikarmi (Halwai), Bhaju, Kakchapati, Nyachhyon, Nagarkoti, Sivacharya, etc.
GubhajuBuddhist priestsVajracharya, and Bare - Shakya, Bhikshu, Gurju
Uray, UdaasTraders and merchants, CraftsmenTuladhar, Bania, Sikarmi (Sthapit), Awa, Tamrakar, Kansakar, Sikhrakar, Sindurakar, Rajkarnikar, Halwai, SIlakar
JyapuFarmersMaharjan, Dangol, Singh, Suwal, Desar, Rajbahak, Kumhal, Prajapati, Kumah, Awale, Awal, Shilpakar, Ka:mi, Pahari
SayamiOilpressersManandhar, Sayami
KhusaPalanquin bearersTandukar
NauBarbersNapit
KauBlacksmithsNaka:mi
BhaFuneral dutiesKaranjit, Bha
GathuGardenersBammala, Mali, Malakar
TepeCultivatorsByanjankara, Tepe
PunPaintersChitrakar
DuhimCarriersPutwar, Dali
BalamiFieldworkersBalami
PuluFuneral torch bearersPulu
CipaDyersRanjitkar, Ranjit
JugiMusicians and tailorsDarshandhari, Kusle, Kapali
NayeButchers and musiciansKhadgi, Shahi
KuluDrum-makers and cobblersKulu
PodeFishermen, sweepersPode, Deola, Pujari, Nepali
ChamiSweepersChyame, Chamkhalak
HalahuluSweepersHalahulu

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Notable Newar people:-

Sankhadhar Sakhwa (879 AD) philanthropist, related to Nepal Sambat
Shukra Raj Shastri (1894-1941), Freedom Fighter, Martyr
Gangalal Shrestha (1919-1941), Freedom Fighter, Martyr
Dharma Bhakta Mathema (1908-1941), Freedom Fighter, Martyr
Ganesh Man Singh (1915-1997) Freedom Fighter, Leader
Pushpa Lal Shrestha (1924-1978), Founder of Communist Party of Nepal
Marich Man Shrestha (1942-2013) Ex. Prime Minister
Sahana Pradhan (1927-2014), Leader of CPN-ML, Ex. Deputy PM
Hisila Yami (b.1959), Leader, Ex. Minister

Siddhicharan Shrestha (1912-1992), Poet, aka Yug Kavi
Satya Mohan Joshi (b.1920), Scholar of history and culture
Narayan Gopal (1939-1990), Singer, aka Swar Samrat
Tara Devi (1945-2006), Singer, aka Swar Samragi
Fattehman Singh Rajbhandari, Singer
Prem Dhwaj Pradhan (b.1938), Singer
Madan Krishna Shrestha (b.1950), Actor
Shiva Shrestha, Actor
Karishma Manandhar (b.1971), Actress


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See Also :
Dalit in Nepal

Tags: List of Newar Caste & Surnames