Newar people

Newars are the people native to Kathmandu valley. Their native language is "Nepal Bhasha" aka "Newari". However, Nepali Language is also spoken by a large number of Newar people sometimes as a second language and sometimes as a first language. Most Newar people believe in Hinduism and according to Hindu systems, they are categorized into different caste and clans. A sizable number of Newar people also believe in Buddhism. Newar population in Nepal is almost 1.3 million which accounts for almost 5.5% of the total population of Nepal. 

List of Newar caste and surnames:-

CasteTraditional occupationsurnames
Deo BrahmanHindu priestsRajopadhyaya
Shrestha (Chhathariya)Royal family, nobles, and courtiersJoshi, Malla, Pradhananga, Pradhan, Rajbhandari, Amatya, Vaidya, Maskey, Kayastha, Rajvanshi, Patrabansh, Mathema, Lakhey, Hada, Karmacharya, Guruvacharya
Shrestha (Panchthariya)Administrators, traders, and merchantsShrestha, Mulmi, Madhikarmi (Halwai), Bhaju, Kakchapati, Nyachhyon, Nagarkoti, Sivacharya, Mulmi, Madhikarmi (Halwai), Bhaju, Kakchapati, Nyachhyon, Nagarkoti, Sivacharya, etc.
GubhajuBuddhist priestsVajracharya, and Bare - Shakya, Bhikshu, Gurju
Uray, UdaasTraders and merchants, CraftsmenTuladhar, Bania, Sikarmi (Sthapit), Awa, Tamrakar, Kansakar, Sikhrakar, Sindurakar, Rajkarnikar, Halwai, SIlakar
JyapuFarmersMaharjan, Dangol, Singh, Suwal, Desar, Rajbahak, Kumhal, Prajapati, Kumah, Awale, Awal, Shilpakar, Ka:mi, Pahari
SayamiOilpressersManandhar, Sayami
KhusaPalanquin bearersTandukar
NauBarbersNapit
KauBlacksmithsNaka:mi
BhaFuneral dutiesKaranjit, Bha
GathuGardenersBammala, Mali, Malakar
TepeCultivatorsByanjankara, Tepe
PunPaintersChitrakar
DuhimCarriersPutwar, Dali
BalamiFieldworkersBalami
PuluFuneral torchbearersPulu
CipaDyersRanjitkar, Ranjit
JugiMusicians and tailorsDarshandhari, Kusle, Kapali
NayeButchers and musiciansKhadgi, Shahi
KuluDrum-makers and cobblersKulu
PodeFishermen, sweepersPode, Deola, Pujari, Nepali
ChamiSweepersChyame, Chamkhalak
HalahuluSweepersHalahulu



Newar Vs Maithili/Madheshi
In 1097 AD King Nanya Dev of the Karnat dynasty established his kingdom in the Mithila region (Tirahut). The center of the kingdom was Simraungadh (सिम्रौनगढ) which is now located in Bara district,  Nepal. In 1324 AD, when the last king Harisingh Dev was defeated by Delhi Sultan Gayasudin Tuglak (ग़ियास सुद्दीन तुग़लुक़), King Hari Singh left for Kathmandu with the statue of Taleju Bhawani.  Though he died on Hariharpur Gadhi (present-day Sindhuli district) his family made it to Kathmandu. Temples of Taleju Bhawani in Kathmandu, Lalitpur, and Bhaktapur districts are believed to be linked with the Mithila Kingdom. Many Maithili brahmins also migrated to Kathmandu valley during that period and afterward. During centuries of their residence in Kathmandu, they mixed up with the native people of the valley. Today, some of the Newar brahmin castes like Jha, Mishra, and Bhatta are believed to be originated from Maithili.


Notable Newar people:-

Sankhadhar Sakhwa (879 AD) philanthropist, related to Nepal Sambat
Shukra Raj Shastri (1894-1941), Freedom Fighter, Martyr
Gangalal Shrestha (1919-1941), Freedom Fighter, Martyr
Dharma Bhakta Mathema (1908-1941), Freedom Fighter, Martyr
Ganesh Man Singh (1915-1997) Freedom Fighter, Leader of Nepali Congress
Pushpa Lal Shrestha (1924-1978), Founder of Communist Party of Nepal
Marich Man Shrestha (1942-2013) Former Prime Minister
Sahana Pradhan (1927-2014), Leader of CPN-ML, Former Deputy PM
Hisila Yami (b.1959), Leader

Yug Kavi Siddhicharan Shrestha (1912-1992), poet
Satya Mohan Joshi (b.1920), Scholar of history and culture
Swor Samrat Narayan Gopal (1939-1990), Singer
Tara Devi (1945-2006), Singer, aka Swar Samragi
Fattehman Singh Rajbhandari (1936-2013), Singer
Prem Dhwaj Pradhan (b.1938), Singer
Madan Krishna Shrestha (b.1950), Actor
Shiva Shrestha, Actor
Karishma Manandhar (b.1971), Actress



See Also 



Tags: List of Newar Caste & Surnames

47 comments:

  1. We are acharju newar but it is not mentioned here

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  2. We are Acharju Newar but it is not mentioned here and our gotra is Upamanya

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    1. Now a days Achajus are known as Karmacharya.

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    2. Can you told me about junchebu Shrestha why not mentioning

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    3. Acharju and karmacharya have same gotra upamanya

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  3. Are you belonging upamanyu gotra aasma acharju ?? I have some problem to find brotherhood so may I get help from you? And I m from upamanyu gotra.

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    1. Newar people can wear janeu thread

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    2. Yes exactly newar people can wear janai too so let me know brotherhood

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  4. Newar people can wear janeu thredt

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    1. हाे । दिक्षित कर्माचार्य र जाेशीहरूले जनै धारणा गर्छन् ।

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    2. Newar Chhatharey Shrestha wear Janai. They are Clans like Joshi, Karmacharya, Malla, Pradhan, Pradhananga, Maskey, Rajbhandari, Hada, Kayastha, Rajbanshi, Raghubanshi, as well as pure Shrestha wear janai during their Bratabandha.

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  5. I m seeking my brotherhood so try to help me ,I m belonging to upamanyu gotra’s newar n my grandfather’s father use to wear janai so plz do help me well con 9825198726

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    1. Hi what is ur surname we are Rajbhandari and we wear janai (6 dora)

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    2. We usually do write shrestha nowadays but how I don’t know so I m searching brotherhood

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    3. I don’t know how many Dora did they use? According to my grandfather they used janai that’s all i know

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    4. Actualy some chathariya shrestha newar belongs to Brhamin family of mithila..But there is some wrong happened from our malla Kings Because they made caste by work field but some jyapu also worked in durbar and there sure name become shrestha and now they don't have gotra..in my opinion

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    5. But I m belonging from upamannyu gotra so smoothly let me know my brotherhood

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  6. In which caste does the surname "Palubanjar" lies?

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  7. In which caste does the surname "Palubanjar" lies?

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  8. As a cast of bhaktapur district there are more than hundreds of cast which is not menson in this .why

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  9. Dhakhwa is also from same Shakya Clan but not mentioned above.

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  10. Replies
    1. Hi
      What is the gotra of rajkarnikar ?

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  11. Musyaju, gajyaju and many are not mentioned ?

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  12. What is rajkarnikar gotra (newar)?

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  13. लवट भन्ने कस्ताे नेवार हाे जान्न चाहेकाे ।

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  14. Katila is also newar surname it is on (Panchthariya)

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  15. Rajbanshi pani newar ho????

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  16. We are Rawal , which caste we fall in?

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  17. first of all whoever can speak ,read,write Newari , he/she is newar ra jo sanga cha dhewa tyahi ho thulo newa . ... tato na charo bolna lekhna kehi aundaina , hing ko talo bokera ke jat ko ghamand garrne. bhayekai newari culture bachau , cast ko jhamela lai choda..tyo caste system malla ko kingdom ma society lai control garne banayeko thiyo , now that system can ne nostalgic but irrevalent now. .. grow up Newars before you are extinct......Lets all be United and fight for Single identity as Newars...period. Love from Canada.

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  18. Shrestha is in chathariya, if you don't know the history don't waste your time writing these all.

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  19. के नेवारी समाजमा ब्रह्म गोत्र पनि छ? मेरा बाबा सानैमा बित्नुभएकोले बाबाको परिवारसंग हाम्रो राम्रो चिनजान छैन।
    तर बाबाको डायरीमा लेखे अनुसार हाम्रो गोत्र ब्रह्म र थर पुजारी हरे। यस विषयमा केहि मद्दत गर्नुहुन्छ कि?

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  20. m Shrestha ho tar malae mero gotr thaha xoin k hola mero gotr??

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  21. Iam Shrestha what's my gottr??

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  22. Why Aganja is not mentioned? We belong to newar community as well from Bhaktapur

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  23. What is the gotra of Ranjitkar

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  24. Nagarkoti ra pahari chuta chuttai ho ki eutai cast hun?

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